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2016 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

13. Nudging and Environmental Law

Perspectives and Examples

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Abstract

This article analyses nudging in constitutional and environmental law. On the level of constitutional law, nudging is criticized for being paternalistic. On second thought, many forms of nudging are in contrast not paternalistic, because they do not protect an individual from themselves, but others from negative effects of the actions of an individual. Especially in environmental policies, nudging therefore proves to be legitimate. However, nudging might not be as effective as policy instrument for environmental issues, as many hope. Even though this article shows interesting possible examples of nudging, it also argues why the effect of nudging as main policy instrument in solving environmental problems will be limited.
Fußnoten
1
Ekardt et al. 2015.
 
2
Thaler and Sunstein 2008.
 
3
on this chapter, see Ott and Döring 2008; Ekardt 2015.
 
4
Jackson 2009; Paech 2012.
 
5
On the following, see Ekardt 2015.
 
6
Hausman and Welch 2010, p. 128.
 
7
On the following, see Ekardt 2015.
 
8
Schmidt-Radefeldt 2000.
 
9
See Calliess 2001; Susnjar 2010; Ekardt 2015.
 
10
On the following, see Ekardt 2015.
 
11
For a critical perspective see Spangenberg and Settele 2010.
 
12
Shafir 2013; Sunstein and Reisch 2013.
 
13
Sunstein and Reisch 2013.
 
14
Marteau et al. 2011, p. 263.
 
15
Hausman and Brynn 2010, p. 132; Sunstein and Reisch 2013.
 
16
Hausman and Brynn 2010, p. 132; Service et al. 2014, p. 16.
 
17
Probably leading to reduced resource and energy use; see Werland et al. 2014, p. 9.
 
18
On the following, see Ekardt 2015; Ekardt et al. 2015.
 
Literatur
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Zurück zum Zitat Ekardt, Felix. 2015. Theorie der Nachhaltigkeit. Rechtliche, ethische und politische Zugänge – am Beispiel von Klimawandel, Ressourcenknappheit und Welthandel, 3rd ed. Baden-Baden: Nomos. Ekardt, Felix. 2015. Theorie der Nachhaltigkeit. Rechtliche, ethische und politische Zugänge – am Beispiel von Klimawandel, Ressourcenknappheit und Welthandel, 3rd ed. Baden-Baden: Nomos.
Zurück zum Zitat Ekardt, Felix, Stefan Klinski, and Thomas Schomerus. 2015. Konzept zur Fortentwicklung des deutschen Klimaschutzrechts. Marburg: Metropolis. Ekardt, Felix, Stefan Klinski, and Thomas Schomerus. 2015. Konzept zur Fortentwicklung des deutschen Klimaschutzrechts. Marburg: Metropolis.
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Zurück zum Zitat Marteau, Theresa, et al. 2011. Judging nudging: Can nudging improve population health? British Medical Journal 342: 263–265. CrossRef Marteau, Theresa, et al. 2011. Judging nudging: Can nudging improve population health? British Medical Journal 342: 263–265. CrossRef
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Zurück zum Zitat Schmidt-Radefeldt, Roman. 2000. Ökologische Grundrechte. Baden-Baden: Nomos. Schmidt-Radefeldt, Roman. 2000. Ökologische Grundrechte. Baden-Baden: Nomos.
Zurück zum Zitat Shafir, Eldar (ed.). 2013. The behavioural foundations of policy. Princeton: University Press. Shafir, Eldar (ed.). 2013. The behavioural foundations of policy. Princeton: University Press.
Zurück zum Zitat Spangenberg, Joachim, and Josef Settele. 2010. Precisely incorrect? Monetising the value of ecosystem services. Ecological Complexity 7: 327–337. CrossRef Spangenberg, Joachim, and Josef Settele. 2010. Precisely incorrect? Monetising the value of ecosystem services. Ecological Complexity 7: 327–337. CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Sunstein, Cass, and Lucia Reisch. 2013. Automatisch Grün. Verhaltensökonomik und Umweltschutz. Zeitschrift Umweltpolitik Umweltrecht 20(2): 119–147. Sunstein, Cass, and Lucia Reisch. 2013. Automatisch Grün. Verhaltensökonomik und Umweltschutz. Zeitschrift Umweltpolitik Umweltrecht 20(2): 119–147.
Zurück zum Zitat Susnjar, Davor. 2010. Proportionality, fundamental rights, and balance of power. Leiden: Brill. CrossRef Susnjar, Davor. 2010. Proportionality, fundamental rights, and balance of power. Leiden: Brill. CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Thaler, Richard, and Cass Sunstein. 2008. Nudge: Improving decisions about health, wealth, and happiness. New Haven: Yale University Press. Thaler, Richard, and Cass Sunstein. 2008. Nudge: Improving decisions about health, wealth, and happiness. New Haven: Yale University Press.
Metadaten
Titel
Nudging and Environmental Law
verfasst von
Felix Ekardt
Jutta Wieding
Copyright-Jahr
2016
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-29562-6_13

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