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Erschienen in: Bulletin of Engineering Geology and the Environment 3/2024

01.03.2024 | Original Paper

Numerical back analysis of an underground bulk mining operation using distributed optical fiber sensors for model calibration

verfasst von: Samuel Nowak, Taghi Sherizadeh, Mina Esmaeelpour, Paul Brooks, Dogukan Guner, Kutay Karadeniz

Erschienen in: Bulletin of Engineering Geology and the Environment | Ausgabe 3/2024

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Abstract

Numerical modeling of complex underground engineering projects such as caverns, tunnels, and bulk mining zones is an essential part of the design phase. Large-scale models require significant reductions in complexity from the real-world scenario, which often leads to low confidence in the model output. In this work, a mine-scale numerical model is developed to simulate a room and pillar extraction mining operation. The model inputs are calibrated through the comparison of the model response to pillar extraction in an analogous mine geometry with measured strain values collected using a novel distributed optical fiber strain sensing technique after pillar extraction. Calibration efforts resulted in the identification of the extent of rock mass damage that resulted from the pillar extraction operation. Numerical model inputs were calibrated for geologic strength index (GSI), rock mass damage, discontinuity properties, and applied horizontal stress conditions. A range of calibrated model input parameters are provided, which show good correlation with measured field strain values and are shown to have an accuracy from 78.2 to 89.1% within a 50% tolerance interval of field data. The model calibration presented in this work represents the first step in a calibration process, from which the model will be used for the forward analysis of various mining scenarios, the results of which will inform future calibration and analysis.

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Metadaten
Titel
Numerical back analysis of an underground bulk mining operation using distributed optical fiber sensors for model calibration
verfasst von
Samuel Nowak
Taghi Sherizadeh
Mina Esmaeelpour
Paul Brooks
Dogukan Guner
Kutay Karadeniz
Publikationsdatum
01.03.2024
Verlag
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Erschienen in
Bulletin of Engineering Geology and the Environment / Ausgabe 3/2024
Print ISSN: 1435-9529
Elektronische ISSN: 1435-9537
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10064-024-03564-6

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