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The multi-channel and multi-interface wireless mesh networks (WMNs) allow multiple orthogonal channels simultaneously to facilitate increased broadband connectivity to the end-users. Many efforts have been devoted to allocate the channels to the interfaces in a multi-channel multi-interface setting. Recently, the hybrid channel allocation mechanism jointly optimizes the routing and channel assignment, by utilizing the queuing traffic. It is essential to map the optimization of traffic distribution on each channel along with channel switching in such an order that it adapts to the changing traffic. However, the contention in medium access and channel switching delay are the key issues in a multi-channel hidden terminal problem. The proposed optimized stable path- channel allocation and routing (OSCAR) protocol is a hybrid multi-channel protocol that reduces the communication delay without degrading the network performance. The proposed work, OSCAR determines a highly stable path that increases mesh routers to improve the routing efficiency. The channel allocation mechanism mainly promotes queue dynamics based probabilistic channel selection (QDPCS), and backoff countdown optimization (BCO). An essential component of the QDPCS scheme is the factor of queuing utilization, and this strategy selects a least congested channel. The BCO mechanism creates the logical order among contending nodes based on the remaining backoff value. It reduces the medium access delay and enables the feasibility of scheduled transmissions without degrading the network throughput. Finally, the performance evaluation results show that the OSCAR protocol outperforms the existing protocol over WMNs.
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- On Demand Stable Routing with Channel Allocation and Backoff Countdown Optimization in Wireless Mesh Networks
C. S. Anita
R. M. Suresh
- Springer US
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