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Erschienen in: The Annals of Regional Science 3/2022

05.01.2022 | Original Paper

One size does not fit all: evaluating the impact of microenterprise measurement on policy evaluation

verfasst von: Sergio A. Contreras

Erschienen in: The Annals of Regional Science | Ausgabe 3/2022

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Abstract

Researchers and economic development practitioners regard microenterprises (MEs) as pivotal actors for economic development, poverty alleviation, and job creation. Notwithstanding the importance of MEs in the economy, there is no consistent definition of MEs, and thus, there is no consensus on the appropriate measurement and criteria that should be used to evaluate MEs formation. Two of the most commonly accepted standards criteria to determine MEs are the number of employees and total annual revenues. Although there is a growing body of research conducted on ME formation using the employment criteria to determine the firm size, fewer studies have used the revenue criteria. These criteria will be compared in a regional activity model at different units of geographic scale (state, county, and census tract level) using data from US businesses. Results suggest that there are no statistically significant changes in the estimated model when the criteria are changed for the same geographic unit of scale. However, for the same criteria (employment-based or revenue-based), a change in the unit of geographic aggregation produces different and sometimes contradictory results. These results imply that evaluations of MEs and their factors are more sensitive to scale than to criteria, raising awareness that for proper program evaluation, the unit of data aggregation matters.

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Metadaten
Titel
One size does not fit all: evaluating the impact of microenterprise measurement on policy evaluation
verfasst von
Sergio A. Contreras
Publikationsdatum
05.01.2022
Verlag
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Erschienen in
The Annals of Regional Science / Ausgabe 3/2022
Print ISSN: 0570-1864
Elektronische ISSN: 1432-0592
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00168-021-01094-7

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