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There is a complex heat and mass transfer phenomenon in the solar stills. It is desired to examine the ways of maximizing the efficiency with the help of an effective thermodynamic tool, i.e., energy and exergy analysis. In this paper, a thermodynamic model has been developed to estimate the overall instantaneous exergy efficiency of the single-effect horizontal basin-type ideal passive solar stills. Theoretical overall instantaneous exergy efficiency of a passive solar still having 30° tilt angle of glass cover and water depth of 0.04 m on a typical day in June is evaluated and found in the range 0.06 to 5.9 % for the variation of experimental results of energy efficiency from 8 to 87.2 %. The daily energy and exergy efficiency of the solar still is 20.7 and 1.31 %, respectively. An optimum exergy efficiency of the ideal solar still is found to be 21.11 % corresponding to 80 % ultimate energy efficiency and at a typical operating condition. A feasible target of optimum exergy efficiency has been set under assumed ideal conditions to achieve in the future for the real working passive solar stills. It is also confirmed that the overall exergy efficiency increases with the increase of water temperature and decreases with the increase of ambient temperature.
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- Optimum exergy efficiency of single-effect ideal passive solar stills
S. C. Kaushik
K. R. Ranjan
N. L. Panwar
- Springer Netherlands