Weitere Artikel dieser Ausgabe durch Wischen aufrufen
The online version of this article (https://doi.org/10.1007/s11051-019-4635-x) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.
• The centrifuge and solvent replacement technique can remove unused reactants from the surface of silica nanoparticles produced using the solvent varying technique.
• These centrifuged SNPs (C-SNPs) have been dried over a greater range of temperatures than previously reported and the C-SNPs produce uniform photonic crystals on coated polyester.
• The photonic crystals produced from the centrifuged SNP solutions produce a narrower bandwidth of wavelength reflection. This produces a sharper reflection peak and more chromatic surface coatings.
This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.
Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.
Gao et al. have proposed a facile method of silica nanoparticle synthesis called the solvent varying technique (SVT). Silica nanoparticles (SNPs) have been synthesized using the SVT. The diameters of the SNPs produced by these recipes are sensitive to drying temperature especially when they are used to form photonic crystal films on the surface of textiles. The colour appearance of the coated fabrics can be affected by unused reactants from the colloidal suspensions. These form a thin layer on the surface of the SNPs, which can adversely affect the constructive interference of light from the photonic crystal. In this paper, the original SNP solutions have been processed using a centrifuge and solvent replacement technique in order to reduce this problem. A TEM was used to record the morphology of the surface of the original and centrifuged particles. The resultant images show that there were fewer impurities present on the surface of the centrifuged SNPs than that of the original SNPs. DLS was used to measure the diameters and dispersion of the original and the centrifuged particles. A spectrophotometer was used to measure the reflectance of the samples. The chromaticities of the coated fabrics using both the original and centrifuged SNPs dried at a range of temperatures (40 °C, 60 °C, 80 °C and 100 °C) have been compared. It was determined that the centrifuged SNPs could be dried at higher temperatures than previously reported with little effect on the colour appearance of the photonic crystals.
Braun PV, Zehner RW, White CA, Weldon MK, Kloc C, Patel SS, Wiltzius P (2001) Epitaxial growth of high dielectric contrast three-dimensional photonic crystals. Adv Mater 13(10):721–724 CrossRef
Dufresne ER, Noh H, Saranathan V, Mochrie SGJ, Cao H, Prum RO (2009) Self-assembly of amorphous biophotonic nanostructures by phase separation. Soft Matter 5(9):1792–1795 CrossRef
Galisteo-Lopez J, Ibisate M, Sapienza R, Froufe-Perez L, Blanco A, Lopez C (2011) Self-assembled photonic structures. Adv Mater 23(1):30–69 CrossRef
Gao W, Rigout M, Owens H (2016a) Facile control of silica nanoparticles using a novel solvent varying method for the fabrication of artificial opal photonic crystals. J Nanopart Res 18(12):1–10 CrossRef
Gao W, Rigout M, Owens H (2016b) Self-assembly of silica colloidal crystal thin films with tuneable structural colours over a wide visible spectrum. Appl Surf Sci 380:12–15 CrossRef
Gao W, Rigout M, Owens H (2017b) The structural coloration of textile materials using self-assembled silica nanoparticles. J Nanopart Res 19(9):1–11 CrossRef
Hyoki K, Jianping G, Junhoi K, Sung-Eun C, Hosuk L, Howon L, Wook P, Yadong Y, Sunghoon K (2009) Structural colour printing using a magnetically tunable and lithographically fixable photonic crystal. Nat Photonics 3(9):534 CrossRef
Joannopoulos JD (2001) Molding the flow of light. Comput Sci Eng 3:38–47
Liu G, Zhou L, Wang C, Wu Y, Li Y, Fan Q, Shao J (2015a) Study on the high hydrophobicity and its possible mechanism of textile fabric with structural colors of three-dimensional poly(styrene-methacrylic acid) photonic crystals. RSC Adv 5(77):62855–62863 CrossRef
Liu G, Zhou L, Wu Y, Wang C, Fan Q, Shao J (2015b) The fabrication of full color P ( S t-MAA) photonic crystal structure on polyester fabrics by vertical deposition self-assembly. J Appl Polym Sci 132:13): n/a–13): n/a
Lu ZH, Owens H (2018) A method to improve the quality of silica nanoparticles (SNPs) over increasing storage durations. J Nanopart Res 20(8):213 CrossRef
Paul VB (2011) Materials science: colour without colourants. Nature 472(7344):423 CrossRef
Santamaría Razo D, Pallavidino L, Garrone E, Geobaldo F, Descrovi E, Chiodoni A, Giorgis F (2008) A version of Stöber synthesis enabling the facile prediction of silica nanospheres size for the fabrication of opal photonic crystals. J Nanopart Res 10(7):1225–1229 CrossRef
Schneider CA, Rasband WS, Eliceiri KW (2012) NIH image to ImageJ: 25 years of image analysis. Nat Methods 9(7):671–675 CrossRef
Shang S, Liu Z, Zhang Q, Wang H, Li Y (2015) Facile fabrication of a magnetically induced structurally colored fiber and its strain-responsive properties. J Mater Chem A 3(20):11093–11097 CrossRef
Xu R (2000) Particle characterization: light scattering methods. Dordrecht; London, Dordrecht ; London : Kluwer
Yablonovitch (1987) Inhibited spontaneous emission in solid-state physics and electronics. Phys Rev Lett 58(20):2059–2062 CrossRef
Yuan W, Zhou N, Shi L, Zhang K-Q (2015) Structural coloration of colloidal fiber by photonic band gap and resonant Mie scattering. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 7(25):14064–14071 CrossRef
Zi J, Yu X, Li Y, Hu X, Xu C, Wang X, Liu X, Fu R (2003) Coloration strategies in peacock feathers. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 100(22):12576–12578 CrossRef
- Optimum processing parameters for coating polyester with silica nanoparticles using gravity sedimentation
- Springer Netherlands
in-adhesives, MKVS, Zühlke/© Zühlke, Nordson/© Nordson, ViscoTec/© ViscoTec, Hellmich GmbH/© Hellmich GmbH