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Recent catastrophic events such as hurricane Katrina, Super Storm Sandy, numerous wildfires, and the Fukushima tsunami have focused attention on our ability to design for and react to these types of events. In some cases these events are considered Beyond Design Basis. Often the design bases presented in codes, standards, and regulations are a reflection of empirical or statistical information that lead to a predicted worst case. These events may be characterized as the hundred year or the thousand year event. As will be discussed in the next section on Risk Methodologies, the consensus evolves as to how frequent and how severe an event to plan for in our designs and responses. The increasing frequency and escalating severity of the natural phenomena have focused attention on Community Disaster Resilience. Since we can have little effect of the causes of these events (at least in the near term), it is prudent to evaluate how best to cope with them. As stated above, the focus of this coping should be minimizing damage and disruption to public health and safety, the economy, environment, and national security.
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Kenneth W. Dungan
- Springer New York
- Chapter 2