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Über dieses Buch

This book offers a general framework for a better understanding of the differences and similarities between the institutional rules of intergovernmental organizations that include parliamentary elements, and analyzes the role of various types of international parliamentary assemblies in the system of global governance, as well as insights into the process known as “parliamentarization of international organizations.”

Firstly, it presents a case study of various types of international parliamentary assemblies, which is then used to analyze the law of particular international organizations that include parliamentary assemblies or relate to them.

Secondly, the book compares two parliamentary assemblies of international organizations – the Parliamentary Assembly of the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE PA) and the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe (PACE) – in terms of structure, powers, and relations with their IGOs. It also investigates the activities of assemblies and their cooperations for the purpose to explore the positive effects of the work of international parliamentary assemblies and their potential for having an impact at the national level.

Lastly, the book analyzes the tangible and desirable powers of international assemblies by comparing examples of existing international parliamentary assemblies with the UN Parliamentary Assembly project. Based on that, the author compiles a list of essential requirements and principles for effective international parliamentary assemblies.

Inhaltsverzeichnis

Frontmatter

Chapter 1. Introduction

Abstract
The power of international organizations has significantly increased over the last 30 years. The decisions made at the international level affect third parties that are not subjected to international law. Therefore, the question arises regarding the accountability of international organizations before those who are affected by international law but not subjected to it.
Aleksandra Chiniaeva

Chapter 2. Characterization of International Parliamentary Bodies

Abstract
International parliamentary institutions can be divided by the following characteristics.
Aleksandra Chiniaeva

Chapter 3. The European Parliament

Abstract
The EP is a rare example of the parliamentary assembly of an international organization that has fought for its power and won. The EP went through certain milestones before the Lisbon Treaty, as seen below in Table 3.1, which provided the Assembly with full “co-legislative” powers in virtually all areas of the EU legislative activity, the right to elect the President of the European Commission, and an equal say with the Council as regards the entire EU budget, as well as other enhanced powers.
Aleksandra Chiniaeva

Chapter 4. Inter-Parliamentary Union

Abstract
Another type of international organization with an active involvement of parliamentarians is an inter-parliamentary association. The following chapter is about one of the popular inter-parliamentary international associations—the Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU).
Aleksandra Chiniaeva

Chapter 5. The Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe

Abstract
The Chapter on the OSCE and its parliamentary branch is one of the central pieces of the manuscript. The author thoroughly traces the development of the Helsinki Process that first produced the CSCE in the 1970s and ultimately the OSCE, after the demise of the iron curtain. One of the most intractable problems has been the lack of international legal personality of the OSCE. The OSCE Parliamentary Assembly (PA) was established after the end of the cold war. Chapter provides a detailed account of the structure and activities of the OSCE PA which qualifies as a body within and not outside the framework of the OSCE. Special attention is paid to the relation of the Parliamentary assembly with the parent organization and its attempts to obtain more power and incise its influence within the OSCE institutional structure. The chapter concludes with the description of the activities of the OSCE PA that demonstrate its efficiency, even though it does not have powers except for consultative function within the institutional structure of the OSCE.
Aleksandra Chiniaeva

Chapter 6. The Council of Europe

Abstract
The Council of Europe (CoE) is the first international organization where a parliamentary organ was formally established. Furthermore, it is one of the oldest European organizations which combined only European states. Its parliamentary assembly became a model for the next parliamentary organs established within the framework of other European organizations, for example the BENELUX Parliament and the Nordic Council that were mentioned in Chap. 2 of this paper.
Aleksandra Chiniaeva

Chapter 7. Cooperation Between the OSCE PA and PACE

Abstract
The cooperation between the OSCE PA and PACE is scrutinized in the chapter. The first subchapter explains the legal framework of the cooperation of the two assemblies in general. The second subchapter deals with election observation as a type of separate activities of parliamentary assemblies and as a reason for the co-operation between them. Also, attention is paid to the sources and standards related to the election observation activity and its implementation in the practice of the OSCE PA and PACE.
Aleksandra Chiniaeva

Chapter 8. Parliamentarization at the Global Level

Abstract
The best-known form of parliamentary participation in international organizations (excluding the EP) is international parliaments, which have either formal decision-making and control powers or do not have them at all. In general, only a body with real parliamentary power and whose composition is based on direct elections can close the gap of democratic legitimacy at the international level.
Aleksandra Chiniaeva

Chapter 9. Conclusion

Abstract
In July 2018, the European Parliament adopted a recommendation for the reform of the UN system. Parliamentarians expressed their support for the international campaign’s ideas for a United Nationals Parliamentary Assembly (UNPA) and called on the EU governments to advocate “the establishment of a United Nations Parliamentary Assembly (UNPA) within the UN system in order to increase the democratic character, the democratic accountability and the transparency of global governance and to allow for better citizen participation in the activities of the UN.”
Aleksandra Chiniaeva

Backmatter

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