Since the early 1980s, the acidic deposition in the northern Europe has decreased substantially. This has resulted in corresponding improvements of the water quality in some acid sensitive small lakes of southern Finland. Among the fish of these lakes, the first signs of recovery were recorded in the early 1990s, when the European perch (Perca fluviatilis L.) started to reproduce in some sparse populations. Since then, the reproduction of perch has been successful in several years. The appearance of strong year-classes in lakes earlier almost empty of fish indicates recovery. This development has resulted in increased population densities, decreased mean sizes of fish and decreased growth rates. In a more acid sensitive species, roach (Rutilus rutilus (L.)), no clear indications of recovery have been recorded this far. However, schools of small roach (age 1+) were observed in the summer of 1998 in two acidic lakes that were inhabited by sparse roach populations during 1985–1995.
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- Patterns in Water Quality and Fish Status of Some Acidified Lakes in Southern Finland During a Decade: Recovery Proceeding
- Springer Netherlands