In the autonomous piloting of vehicles, the characterization of nearby dynamic object motion by perception and tracking techniques aids in the optimization of avoidance strategies. Knowledge of the features of object motion in goal-driven navigation allows for accurate deviation strategies to be implemented with appropriate anticipation. This perceptual competence is a fundamental issue in the design of unmanned commercial outdoor vehicles with an often reduced capability for maneuvering. To this aim, a grid map representation of the local panorama is proposed such that laser rangefinder images are converted into grid cells that are segmented and assigned to objects, allowing classification and monitoring. The motion properties of objects are thus used to establish avoidance behavior to smartly control the vehicle steering, such that a safe and optimal detour maneuver is carried out while driving to a target. The developed perceptual ability is demonstrated here in several tests performed in a relatively clutter-free area to detect and track walking pedestrians. Some results are also shown to highlight the modulation of moving object properties on trajectories described by a robot when a fuzzy avoidance strategy is used to control the steering angle.
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- Perception and Tracking of Dynamic Objects for Optimization of Avoidance Strategies in Autonomous Piloting of Vehicles
María C. García-Alegre
Jose María Cañas
- Springer Berlin Heidelberg