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2021 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

8. Pluralism, Tripartism and the Foundation of the International Labour Organization

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Abstract

In 1919 tripartism, intended as a form of cooperation between employers, employees and governments, was one of the founding principles of the International Labour Organization (ILO). The chapter explores the theoretical sources of such an idea and its ideological contents. It argues that the early twentieth century British Pluralist movement offered a model of governance predicated upon a system of codetermination between interest groups and governments that was exploited by a group of British international civil servants for creating the ILO. Furthermore, the paper suggests that this resulted in an international agency created to offer a compromise with moderate trade unions and to avoid violent social revolution. Overall, through the ILO the tripartite idea was put at the service of the post-war conservative movement, contributing to reconstructing social order and reforming capitalism.

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Fußnoten
1
Letter of G.D.H. Cole to Alfred Zimmern, April 18, 1915, in Bodleian Library Special Collection, Oxford, Zimmern Papers, Ms. Zimmern 14.
 
2
Memorandum on character and status of an International Labour Commission, October 1918, in Shotwell Papers, 1.03.P01, Archives of the International Labour Organization (AILO), Geneva.
 
3
Ivi, 2.
 
4
Ivi, 7.
 
5
Memorandum on character and status of an International Labour Commission, October 2018, 7.
 
6
Draft convention creating a permanent organization for the promotion of the international regulation of labour conditions, January 26, 1919, p. 2, in Shotwell Papers, 1.07.S01, AILO, Geneva.
 
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Metadaten
Titel
Pluralism, Tripartism and the Foundation of the International Labour Organization
verfasst von
Valerio Torreggiani
Copyright-Jahr
2021
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-47102-6_8