Weitere Kapitel dieses Buchs durch Wischen aufrufen
The human right to water of women has been considered as being of special importance. Not only do women need water for themselves but as domestic water managers also stand responsible for fulfilling the water-related needs of other household members. But are women able to enjoy their right in all circumstances? How does the industrial activity of mining undermine their right? This chapter explores the situation in Ghana, one of the leading gold-mining countries in Africa, attempting to analyze the contradictions between the policies supporting mining on the one hand and that on community-based rural water supply on the other. Using empirical evidence from local mining communities in Ghana, it examines how close are these two policy frameworks in terms of principles, approach, institutions and processes, aiming to identify the gaps and propose solutions so that Ghanaian women’s right to water can be secured.
Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten
Sie möchten Zugang zu diesem Inhalt erhalten? Dann informieren Sie sich jetzt über unsere Produkte:
Acquah, P. (1995). Natural resources management and sustainable development: The case of the gold sector in Ghana. United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD).
Akosa, A. B., Adimado, A. A., Amegbey, N. A., Nignpense, B. E., Carboo, D., & Gyasi, S. (2002, June). Report submitted by Cyanide investigation committee, Ministry of Environment and Science.
Anane, M. (2001). Ghana: Cyanide spill worst disaster ever in West African nation. Environment News Service. Retrieved December 11, 2014, http://www.ens-newswire.com/ens/oct2001/2001-10-24-01.asp
Armah, F. A., Obiri, S., Yawson, D. O., Afrifa, E. K. A., Yengoh, G. T., Alkan Olsson, J., & Odoi, J. O. (2011). Assessment of legal framework for corporate environmental behaviour and perceptions of residents in mining communities in Ghana. Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, 54(2), 193–209. CrossRef
Armah, F. A., Obiri, S., Yawson, D. O., Pappoe, A. N. M., & Akoto, B. (2010). Mining and heavy metal pollution: Assessment of aquatic environments in Tarkwa (Ghana) using multi-variate statistical analysis. Journal of Environmental Statistics, 1(4), 1–13.
Aryeetey, N. A. B., Ntibery, B. K., & Atorkui, E. (2002). Trends in the small-scale mining of precious minerals in Ghana: A perspective on its environmental impact. Ghana: Minerals Commission.
Asklund, R., & Eldvall, B. (2005). Contamination of water resources in Tarkwa mining area of Ghana. Master of Science thesis, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
Asumin, G. (2005). Negative impact of mining, Ghanaian Chronicle (Accra). Posted to the web August 30, 2005.
Avotri, T. S. M., Amegbey, N. A., Sandow, M. A., & Forson, S. A. K. (2002). The health impact of cyanide spillage at Goldfields Ghana Ltd., Tarkwa. Report May 2002.
Boocock, C. N. (2002). OECD Global forum on international investment: Environmental impact of foreign direct investment in the mining sector in Sub-Saharan Africa.
Boon, E. K., & Ababio, F. (2009, May). Corporate Social Responsibility in Ghana: Lessons from the Mining Sector. Conference Proceedings’, Impact assessment and human well-being. 29th annual conference of the International Association for Impact Assessment, Accra, Ghana.
Campbell, B. (2004). Regulating mining in Africa: For whose benefit? (Discussion Paper 26). Uppsala: Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.
CEDAW. (1979). Convention on elimination of all forms of discrimination against women. http://www.un.org/womenwatch/daw/cedaw/text/econvention.htm
CESCR. (2002). General Comment No. 15 (2002): The right to water. Geneva: UN.
CHRAJ (Commission on Human Rights and Administrative Justice, Ghana). (2001). Report on preliminary investigation on human rights violation due to mining activities in the Wassa West District of the Western region. Takoradi/Accra.
COHRE. (2008). A rights-based review of the legal and policy framework of the Ghanaian water and sanitation sector, Geneva
CRC. (1989). Convention on the rights of the child. http://www.ohchr.org/EN/ProfessionalInterest/Pages/CRC.aspx
Dzodzomenyo1, M., Asare, M., Noye-Nortey, H., & Quakyi, I. (n.d.). The potential effect of mining on water quality in Tarkwa Nsuaem municipality in the Western Region, Ghana. UM-Ghana Small-Scale Gold Mining Study, University of Michigan.
EPA. (2000). Water quality research: Potability of domestic water in the mining communities of Ashanti and Western Regions. Ghana: Environmental Quality/Mining Department, EPA.
Essumang, D. K. (2009). Analysis and human health risk assessment of arsenic, cadmium and mercury in manta birostrisu (manta ray) caught along the Ghanaian coastline. Human and Ecological Risk Assessment, 15, 985–998. CrossRef
Feed the Future. (2016, August 30). Champions for change help women in Ghana exercise their rights. Feed the Future Newsletter.
FFM. (2002). Report of the International Fact Finding Mission on Water Sector Reform in Ghana. Accra/Washington, DC: ISODEC/Public Citizen/Water for All.
FIAN. (2004). Questionable advice. The World Bank’s influence on mining laws in Africa – Human rights comments. Heidelberg: FIAN International.
Ghana Chamber of Mines. (2003). Mining and sustainable development: Corporate social responsibility. The Ghana chamber of mines annual report 2003. Bulletin of Engineering Geology and the Environment, 63, 119–132.
Hilson, G., & Nayee, V. (2002). Environmental management system (EMS) implementation in the mining industry: A key to achieving cleaner production (CP). The International Journal of Mineral Processing, 64(1), 19–41. CrossRef
Kortatsi, B. K. (2004). Hydrochemistry of groundwater in the mining area of Tarwa-Prestea. Legon: University of Ghana.
Kuma, J. S., & Younger, A. P. (2004). Water quality trends in the Tarkwa gold-mining district, Ghana. Bulletin of Engineering Geology and the Environment, 63: 119–132.
Kumah, A. (2006). Sustainability and gold mining in the developing world. Journal of Cleaner Production, 14, 315–323. CrossRef
MEG. (1994). Ghana’s mining and environmental guidelines. Prepared by Minerals Commission & Environmental Protection Council, Government of Ghana, Accra.
Mensah, K. (1998). Restructuring the delivery of clean water to rural communities in Ghana: The institutional and regulatory issues. Water Policy, 1, 383–395. CrossRef
Mensah, K. (1999). Water law, water rights and water supply, Africa (Ghana – Study country report). Silsoe: DFID.
MMC. (2006). Mining and Minerals Act, 2006. Government of Ghana. http://www.sdsg.org/wp-content/uploads/2011/06/Ghana-Minerals-Act-2006.pdf. Accessed on 14 June 2013.
MOWAC. (2006). National gender and children’s policy launched, October 29, 2004. http://www.mowac.gov.gh, Accessed 28 Nov 2006.
MoWH. (2005). National water policy, Draft for discussion, March 2005. Ministry of Works and Housing, Government of Ghana.
NWP. (2007). National water policy. Accra: Government of Ghana, Ministry of Water Resources, Works & Housing.
Obiri, S., Dodoo, D. K., Armah, F. A., Essumang, D. K., & Cobbina, S. J. (2010). Evaluation of lead and mercury neurotoxic health risk by resident children in the Obuasi municipality, Ghana. Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology, 29, 209–212. CrossRef
SAPRIN. (2002). The socio-economic and environmental impact of mining sector reform. In The policy roots of economic crisis and poverty. A multi-country participatory assessment of structural adjustment. Washington, DC: Saprin Secretariat.
Singh, N. (2006). Women’s s participation in local water governance: Understanding institutional contradictions. Gender, Technology and Development, 10(1), 61–76. CrossRef
Singh, N., Koku, J. E., & Balfors, B. (2007). Resolving water conflicts in mining areas of Ghana through public participation: A communication perspective. Journal of Creative Communications, 2(3), 361–382. CrossRef
van Edig, A., Engel, S., & Laube, W. (2002). Ghana’s Water Institutions in the process of reform: From the international to the local level. In S. Neubert, W. Scheumann, & A. van Edig (Eds.), Reforming institutions for sustainable water management (Reports and Working Papers 6/2002). Bonn: German Development Institute.
Veiga, M. M., Maxson, P. A., & Hylander, L. D. (2006). Origin and consumption of mercury in small-scale gold mining. Journal of Cleaner Production, 14, 436–447. CrossRef
Vormawor, D. K. Y., & Awuku-Ampaw, J. (1996). “Ghana” International Labour Organization, Geneva, cited in Boocock, C. N. 2002. OECD Global forum on international investment: Environmental impact of foreign direct investment in the mining sector in Sub-Saharan Africa.
WACAM. (n.d.). Water survey report 2. Wassa Association of Communities Affected by Mining, Tarkwa, Ghana. http://www.wacamgh.com/images/WATER%20SURVEY%20REPORT.pdf. Accessed 17 Dec 2014.
WaterAid. (2005). National water sector assessment – Ghana. London: WaterAid.
World Bank. (2003). The first Ghana community water and sanitation project: Poverty and Gender Issues. Findings. Operational Quality and Knowledge Services, Africa Region. Washington, DC: The World Bank.
WSP. (2002). Rural water sector reform in Ghana: A major change in policy and structure. Water and Sanitation Program, Africa Region. Field Note 2.
- Policy Paradoxes and Women’s Right to Water in Mining Areas of Ghana
John E. Koku
- Chapter 6
Systemische Notwendigkeit zur Weiterentwicklung von Hybridnetzen