Skip to main content
Erschienen in: Public Organization Review 1/2019

26.08.2017

Policy Theories in Hard Times? Assessing the Explanatory Power of Policy Theories in the Context of Crisis

verfasst von: Georg Wenzelburger, Pascal D. König, Frieder Wolf

Erschienen in: Public Organization Review | Ausgabe 1/2019

Einloggen

Aktivieren Sie unsere intelligente Suche um passende Fachinhalte oder Patente zu finden.

search-config
loading …

Abstract

Can the behavior of political actors in business-as-usual conditions be analyzed with the same theoretical framework as decision-making in situations characterized by uncertainty, ambiguity, complexity and urgency? After comparing major existing approaches and evaluating their explanatory logic under crisis circumstances, the present article develops a theoretical framework which explicitly accounts for the crisis characteristics at two stages of the policy making process, agenda-setting and decision-making. The bearing of policy-entrepreneurs, international networks, institutions and partisanship on policy outcomes critically depends on the specific workings on these levels in crisis-mode. These expectations are probed in an empirical re-evaluation of the 2011 Spanish pension reform.

Sie haben noch keine Lizenz? Dann Informieren Sie sich jetzt über unsere Produkte:

Springer Professional "Wirtschaft+Technik"

Online-Abonnement

Mit Springer Professional "Wirtschaft+Technik" erhalten Sie Zugriff auf:

  • über 102.000 Bücher
  • über 537 Zeitschriften

aus folgenden Fachgebieten:

  • Automobil + Motoren
  • Bauwesen + Immobilien
  • Business IT + Informatik
  • Elektrotechnik + Elektronik
  • Energie + Nachhaltigkeit
  • Finance + Banking
  • Management + Führung
  • Marketing + Vertrieb
  • Maschinenbau + Werkstoffe
  • Versicherung + Risiko

Jetzt Wissensvorsprung sichern!

Springer Professional "Wirtschaft"

Online-Abonnement

Mit Springer Professional "Wirtschaft" erhalten Sie Zugriff auf:

  • über 67.000 Bücher
  • über 340 Zeitschriften

aus folgenden Fachgebieten:

  • Bauwesen + Immobilien
  • Business IT + Informatik
  • Finance + Banking
  • Management + Führung
  • Marketing + Vertrieb
  • Versicherung + Risiko




Jetzt Wissensvorsprung sichern!

Fußnoten
1
Norbert Lammert, President of the German Bundestag, in an interview on the decision-making process in the context of the laws on the financial and euro crisis (Source: http://​www.​spiegel.​de/​politik/​deutschland/​interview-mit-norbert-lammert-es-gibt-ein-gefuehl-der-ueberforderung-im-bundestag-a-788994.​html, translation by the authors).
 
2
A previous version of this paper was presented at the International Conference on Public Policy in Milan (2014) (Panel T01P08). We thank all the participants for their helpful comments. This paper has also very much been improved due to comments by Reimut Zohlnhöfer and Helge Staff. The usual disclaimer applies.
 
3
There is a rather extensive literature on crisis management and public policy which deals for instance with the importance of leadership in crises (see for instance the special issue edited by Boin 2009). However, this literature usually deals with more specific crisis events, such as natural disasters (Boin et al. 2010) or terrorist attacks (Nohrstedt and Hansén 2010), whereas this paper is more interested in the effects a more enduring crisis context exerts on public policy making.
 
4
It is this common understanding of uncertainty which lies at the heart of Herbert Simon’s idea of bounded rationality (Simon 1957).
 
5
One of the rare exception is the work by Kuipers (2006), who focusses, however, less on the policy process and more on the rhetoric.
 
6
This initial framework has meanwhile be extended including additional categories, such as cultural variables or discourse and political strategies.
 
7
Kingdon (1984: 190) even describes individual qualities of successful policy entrepreneurs: They are more likely to be successful if they have some claim to a hearing (e.g. experts or leaders of interest groups), are well-known for their political connections, and are persistent and not giving up easily
 
8
Clearly, very different actors can be policy entrepreneurs (Mintrom and Norman 2009). In this paper, the primary focus is on interest groups and policy experts who try to push a reform proposal. These two categories comprise a large set of actors, such as NGOs, lobbies, corporatist interest groups, scientific experts, think tanks etc.. Besides, political decision-makers can also act as policy entrepreneurs if they push forward specific interests – e.g. of a certain lobby group.
 
9
A third micro-foundation connects parties to particularistic and clientelistic interests which exchange policies against vote blocks – a particular vote-seeking-link which might be important in certain circumstances and in certain political systems (Afonso et al. 2014).
 
10
A laudable exception is the theoretical framework proposed by Zohlnhöfer (2009).
 
11
If interest groups can even convince the political actor that adopting the solution would also make him win the votes of (at least) the interest group members, the vote-seeking motive might even play a role, too.
 
12
The ESM-payments to Spain were earmarked and only directed at the financial sector.
 
13
The Toledo Pact was a reform consensually adopted by the main parties and the social partners in 1995 that was to guarantee the stability and preservation of the social security system. The pact also established a permanent parliamentary commission to monitor and develop the welfare system, including the sustainable adjustment of pensions.
 
14
In fact, pension policies in Spain are very much based on the Toledo-pact – a social pact initially adopted by an all-party compromise in 1995 and endorsed by employers and trade unions (Molina 2005; Molina 2011).
 
15
In an interview with the authors, the former Minister of Social Affairs, Valeriano Gomez, acknowledged that the pressure from international partners did play a role. Most significant were contacts via the Open Method of Coordination of the EU as well as direct contacts “with the governments of the countries whose experiences seemed the most significant at the time of designing the reform in Spain” (Interview, 20.11.2016).
 
16
All the changes will be phased in gradually from 2013.
 
17
Valeriano Gómez in an interview with the authors, 4.11. and 20.11.2016.
 
18
Valeriano Gómez in an interview with the authors, 4.11.2016.
 
19
Valeriano Gómez in an interview with the authors, 4.11.2016. He also pointed out that the succeeding Rajoy-government could push through its pension reform in 2013 unilaterally because it had a majority in Parliament.
 
Literatur
Zurück zum Zitat Afonso, A., Zartaloudis, S., & Papadopoulos, Y. (2014). How party linkages shape austerity politics: Clientelism and fiscal adjustment in Greece and Portugal during the eurozone crisis. Journal of European Public Policy, 22(3), 315–334. CrossRef Afonso, A., Zartaloudis, S., & Papadopoulos, Y. (2014). How party linkages shape austerity politics: Clientelism and fiscal adjustment in Greece and Portugal during the eurozone crisis. Journal of European Public Policy, 22(3), 315–334. CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Armingeon, K. (2012). The politics of fiscal responses to the crisis of 2008–2009. Governance, 25(4), 543–565. CrossRef Armingeon, K. (2012). The politics of fiscal responses to the crisis of 2008–2009. Governance, 25(4), 543–565. CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Baumgartner, F. R., & Jones, B. D. (1991). Agenda dynamics and policy subsystems. The Journal of Politics, 53(4), 1044–1074. CrossRef Baumgartner, F. R., & Jones, B. D. (1991). Agenda dynamics and policy subsystems. The Journal of Politics, 53(4), 1044–1074. CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Baumgartner, F., & Jones, B. D. (1993). Agendas and instability in American politics. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Baumgartner, F., & Jones, B. D. (1993). Agendas and instability in American politics. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Zurück zum Zitat Baumgartner, F. R., Breunig, C., Green-Pedersen, C., Jones, B. D., Mortensen, P. B., Nuytemans, M., & Walgrave, S. (2009). Punctuated equilibrium in comparative perspective. American Journal of Political Science, 53(3), 603–620. CrossRef Baumgartner, F. R., Breunig, C., Green-Pedersen, C., Jones, B. D., Mortensen, P. B., Nuytemans, M., & Walgrave, S. (2009). Punctuated equilibrium in comparative perspective. American Journal of Political Science, 53(3), 603–620. CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Bearce, D. H., & Bondanella, S. (2007). Intergovernmental organizations, socialization, and member-state interest convergence. International Organization, 61(4), 703–733. CrossRef Bearce, D. H., & Bondanella, S. (2007). Intergovernmental organizations, socialization, and member-state interest convergence. International Organization, 61(4), 703–733. CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Blyth, M. (2002). The great transformations. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossRef Blyth, M. (2002). The great transformations. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Boin, A. (2009). The new world of crises and crisis management: Implications for policymaking and research. Review of Policy Research, 26(4), 367–377. CrossRef Boin, A. (2009). The new world of crises and crisis management: Implications for policymaking and research. Review of Policy Research, 26(4), 367–377. CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Boin, A., Hart, P. T., Stern, E., & Sundelius, B. (2005). The politics of crisis management. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossRef Boin, A., Hart, P. T., Stern, E., & Sundelius, B. (2005). The politics of crisis management. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Boin, A., Hart, P. T., McConnell, A., & Preston, T. (2010). Leadership style, crisis response and blame management: The case of hurricane Katrina. Public Administration, 88(3), 706–723. CrossRef Boin, A., Hart, P. T., McConnell, A., & Preston, T. (2010). Leadership style, crisis response and blame management: The case of hurricane Katrina. Public Administration, 88(3), 706–723. CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Boushey, G. (2013). The punctuated equilibrium theory of agenda setting and policy change. In E. Araral, S. Fritzen, M. Howlett, M. Ramesh, & X. Wu (Eds.), Routledge handbook of public policy (pp. 138–152). New York: Routledge. Boushey, G. (2013). The punctuated equilibrium theory of agenda setting and policy change. In E. Araral, S. Fritzen, M. Howlett, M. Ramesh, & X. Wu (Eds.), Routledge handbook of public policy (pp. 138–152). New York: Routledge.
Zurück zum Zitat Braun, B. (2013) 'Preparedness, crisis management and policy change: The euro area at the critical juncture of 2008–2013′, The British Journal of Politics & International Relations online first. Braun, B. (2013) 'Preparedness, crisis management and policy change: The euro area at the critical juncture of 2008–2013′, The British Journal of Politics & International Relations online first.
Zurück zum Zitat Cao, X. (2010). Networks as channels of policy diffusion: Explaining worldwide changes in capital taxation, 1998–2006. International Studies Quarterly, 54(3), 823–854. CrossRef Cao, X. (2010). Networks as channels of policy diffusion: Explaining worldwide changes in capital taxation, 1998–2006. International Studies Quarterly, 54(3), 823–854. CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Carstensen, M. B. (2011). Paradigm man vs. the bricoleur: Bricolage as an alternative vision of agency in ideational change. European Political Science Review, 3(1), 147–167. CrossRef Carstensen, M. B. (2011). Paradigm man vs. the bricoleur: Bricolage as an alternative vision of agency in ideational change. European Political Science Review, 3(1), 147–167. CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Casey, B. H. (2012). The implications of the economic crisis for pensions and pension policy in Europe. Global Social Policy, 12(3), 246–265. CrossRef Casey, B. H. (2012). The implications of the economic crisis for pensions and pension policy in Europe. Global Social Policy, 12(3), 246–265. CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Chowanietz, C. (2011). Rallying around the flag or railing against the government? Political parties’ reactions to terrorist acts. Party Politics, 17(5), 673–698. CrossRef Chowanietz, C. (2011). Rallying around the flag or railing against the government? Political parties’ reactions to terrorist acts. Party Politics, 17(5), 673–698. CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Chuliá, E. (2011). Consolidation and reluctant reform of the pension system. In A. M. Guillén & M. León (Eds.), The Spanish welfare state in European context (pp. 285–304). Farnham: Ashgate. Chuliá, E. (2011). Consolidation and reluctant reform of the pension system. In A. M. Guillén & M. León (Eds.), The Spanish welfare state in European context (pp. 285–304). Farnham: Ashgate.
Zurück zum Zitat Congreso de los Diputados (2010) Discurso del President del Gobierno en el debato sobre el Estado de la Nación, 14.7.2010. Madrid. Congreso de los Diputados (2010) Discurso del President del Gobierno en el debato sobre el Estado de la Nación, 14.7.2010. Madrid.
Zurück zum Zitat Congreso de los Diputados (2011) No permanente de sguimento y evaluación de los acuerdos del Pacto de Toledo. Madrid. Congreso de los Diputados (2011) No permanente de sguimento y evaluación de los acuerdos del Pacto de Toledo. Madrid.
Zurück zum Zitat Council of the European Union (2011) Council recommendations of 12th July 2011 on the National Reform Programme of Spain, Brussels: Official Journal of the European Union C212/1. Council of the European Union (2011) Council recommendations of 12th July 2011 on the National Reform Programme of Spain, Brussels: Official Journal of the European Union C212/1.
Zurück zum Zitat Davidsson, J. B., & Marx, P. (2013). Losing the issue, losing the vote: Issue competition and the reform of unemployment Insurance in Germany and Sweden. Political Studies, 61(3), 505–522. CrossRef Davidsson, J. B., & Marx, P. (2013). Losing the issue, losing the vote: Issue competition and the reform of unemployment Insurance in Germany and Sweden. Political Studies, 61(3), 505–522. CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat del Pino, E. (2013). The Spanish welfare state from Zapatero to Rajoy: Recalibration to retrenchment. In A. Botti & B. N. Field (Eds.), Politics and Society in Contemporary Spain: From Zapatero to Rajoy. New York: Palgrave, pp. del Pino, E. (2013). The Spanish welfare state from Zapatero to Rajoy: Recalibration to retrenchment. In A. Botti & B. N. Field (Eds.), Politics and Society in Contemporary Spain: From Zapatero to Rajoy. New York: Palgrave, pp.
Zurück zum Zitat Esping-Andersen, G. (1990). The three worlds of welfare capitalism. Princeton: Princeton University Press. Esping-Andersen, G. (1990). The three worlds of welfare capitalism. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Zurück zum Zitat Feldman, M. S. (1989). Order without design: Information production and policy making. Stanford: Stanford University Press. Feldman, M. S. (1989). Order without design: Information production and policy making. Stanford: Stanford University Press.
Zurück zum Zitat Goldin, I., & Mariathasan, M. (2014). The butterfly defect : How globalization creates systemic risks, and what to do about it. Princeton: Princeton Univ. Press. CrossRef Goldin, I., & Mariathasan, M. (2014). The butterfly defect : How globalization creates systemic risks, and what to do about it. Princeton: Princeton Univ. Press. CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Hacker, J. S. (2004). Privatizing risk without privatizing the welfare state: The hidden politics of social policy retrenchment in the United States. American Political Science Review, 98(2), 243–260. CrossRef Hacker, J. S. (2004). Privatizing risk without privatizing the welfare state: The hidden politics of social policy retrenchment in the United States. American Political Science Review, 98(2), 243–260. CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Hamann, K. (2013). The relationship between unions and Zapatero's Government', in Politics and Society in Contemporary Spain (pp. 123–142). Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. CrossRef Hamann, K. (2013). The relationship between unions and Zapatero's Government', in Politics and Society in Contemporary Spain (pp. 123–142). Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Hart, P. T., & Tindall, K. (2009). Understanding Crisis Exploitation: Leadership Rhetoric and Framing Contests in Response to the Economic Meltdown. In P. T. Hart & K. Tindall (Eds.), Framing the Global Economic Downturn: Crisis Rhetoric and the Politics of Recession (pp. 21–40). Canberra: Australia National University E Press. Hart, P. T., & Tindall, K. (2009). Understanding Crisis Exploitation: Leadership Rhetoric and Framing Contests in Response to the Economic Meltdown. In P. T. Hart & K. Tindall (Eds.), Framing the Global Economic Downturn: Crisis Rhetoric and the Politics of Recession (pp. 21–40). Canberra: Australia National University E Press.
Zurück zum Zitat Heichel, S., Knill, C., & Schmitt, S. (2013). Public policy meets morality: Conceptual and theoretical challenges in the analysis of morality policy change. Journal of European Public Policy, 20(3), 318–334. CrossRef Heichel, S., Knill, C., & Schmitt, S. (2013). Public policy meets morality: Conceptual and theoretical challenges in the analysis of morality policy change. Journal of European Public Policy, 20(3), 318–334. CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Herweg, N., Huß, C. and Zohlnhöfer, R. (2015) 'Straightening the three streams: Theorising extensions of the multiple streams framework', European Journal of Political Research online first. Herweg, N., Huß, C. and Zohlnhöfer, R. (2015) 'Straightening the three streams: Theorising extensions of the multiple streams framework', European Journal of Political Research online first.
Zurück zum Zitat Hibbs, D. (1977). Political parties and macroeconomic policy. American Political Science Review, 71(4), 1467–1487. CrossRef Hibbs, D. (1977). Political parties and macroeconomic policy. American Political Science Review, 71(4), 1467–1487. CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Hofferbert, R. I. (1974). The study of public policy. Indianapolis/New York: Bobbs-Merrill. Hofferbert, R. I. (1974). The study of public policy. Indianapolis/New York: Bobbs-Merrill.
Zurück zum Zitat Holyoke, T. T. (2003). Choosing battlegrounds: Interest group lobbying across multiple venues. Political Research Quarterly, 56(3), 325–336. CrossRef Holyoke, T. T. (2003). Choosing battlegrounds: Interest group lobbying across multiple venues. Political Research Quarterly, 56(3), 325–336. CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Hood, C. (2002). The risk game and the blame game. Government and Opposition, 37(1), 15–37. CrossRef Hood, C. (2002). The risk game and the blame game. Government and Opposition, 37(1), 15–37. CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Immergut, E. (1990). Institutions, veto points, and policy results: A comparative analysis of health care. Journal of Public Policy, 10(4), 391–416. CrossRef Immergut, E. (1990). Institutions, veto points, and policy results: A comparative analysis of health care. Journal of Public Policy, 10(4), 391–416. CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Jacobs, A. M., & Weaver, R. K. (2014). When policies undo themselves: Self-undermining feedback as a source of policy change. Governance online first. doi: 10.​1111/​gove.​12101. Jacobs, A. M., & Weaver, R. K. (2014). When policies undo themselves: Self-undermining feedback as a source of policy change. Governance online first. doi: 10.​1111/​gove.​12101.
Zurück zum Zitat John, P. (2012). Analyzing public policy. London/New York: Routledge. John, P. (2012). Analyzing public policy. London/New York: Routledge.
Zurück zum Zitat Jones, B. D., & Baumgartner, F. R. (2005). The politics of attention : How government prioritizes problems. Chicago: Univ. of Chicago Press. Jones, B. D., & Baumgartner, F. R. (2005). The politics of attention : How government prioritizes problems. Chicago: Univ. of Chicago Press.
Zurück zum Zitat Jones, B. D., & Baumgartner, F. R. (2012). From there to here: Punctuated equilibrium to the general punctuation thesis to a theory of government information processing. Policy Studies Journal, 40(1), 1–20. CrossRef Jones, B. D., & Baumgartner, F. R. (2012). From there to here: Punctuated equilibrium to the general punctuation thesis to a theory of government information processing. Policy Studies Journal, 40(1), 1–20. CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Kennedy, P. (2011). Phoenix turned to ashes: The Spanish Socialists' response to the economic crisis. Renewal, 19(1), 10–15. Kennedy, P. (2011). Phoenix turned to ashes: The Spanish Socialists' response to the economic crisis. Renewal, 19(1), 10–15.
Zurück zum Zitat Kingdon, J. (1984). Agendas, alternatives, and public policies. Boston: Little, Brown. Kingdon, J. (1984). Agendas, alternatives, and public policies. Boston: Little, Brown.
Zurück zum Zitat Knill, C., & Tosun, J. (2012). Public Policy. A New Introduction, London: Palgrave Macmillan. Knill, C., & Tosun, J. (2012). Public Policy. A New Introduction, London: Palgrave Macmillan.
Zurück zum Zitat Korpi, W. (1983). The democratic class struggle. London: Routledge. Korpi, W. (1983). The democratic class struggle. London: Routledge.
Zurück zum Zitat Kuipers, S. (2006) The Crisis Imperative. Crisis Rhetoric and Welfare State Reform in Belgium and the Netherlands in the Early 1990s, Amsterdam: Amsterdam University press. Kuipers, S. (2006) The Crisis Imperative. Crisis Rhetoric and Welfare State Reform in Belgium and the Netherlands in the Early 1990s, Amsterdam: Amsterdam University press.
Zurück zum Zitat La Moncloa (2010a) Conferencia de prensa de la Vicepresidenta primera y Portavoz del Gobierno, y de la Vicepresidenta segunda, después de la reunión del Consejo de Ministros, 29.1.2010. Madrid. La Moncloa (2010a) Conferencia de prensa de la Vicepresidenta primera y Portavoz del Gobierno, y de la Vicepresidenta segunda, después de la reunión del Consejo de Ministros, 29.1.2010. Madrid.
Zurück zum Zitat La Moncloa (2010b) Conferencia de prensa del Presidente del Gobierno después de su reunión con los agentes sociales, 5.2.2010. Madrid. La Moncloa (2010b) Conferencia de prensa del Presidente del Gobierno después de su reunión con los agentes sociales, 5.2.2010. Madrid.
Zurück zum Zitat La Moncloa (2010c) Discurso del Presidente del Gobierno en el Pleno del Congreso de los Diputados para informar sobre la reunión extraordinaria del Eurogrupo en relación con el rescate de Grecia y la situación de los mercados financieros. Madrid. La Moncloa (2010c) Discurso del Presidente del Gobierno en el Pleno del Congreso de los Diputados para informar sobre la reunión extraordinaria del Eurogrupo en relación con el rescate de Grecia y la situación de los mercados financieros. Madrid.
Zurück zum Zitat Lehmbruch, G. (1982). Patterns of corporatist policy-making. London: Sage. Lehmbruch, G. (1982). Patterns of corporatist policy-making. London: Sage.
Zurück zum Zitat León, M., Pavolini, E., & Guillén, A. M. (2015). Welfare rescaling in Italy and Spain. European Journal of Social Security, 17(2), 182–201. CrossRef León, M., Pavolini, E., & Guillén, A. M. (2015). Welfare rescaling in Italy and Spain. European Journal of Social Security, 17(2), 182–201. CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Martín, I. and Urquizu-Sancho, I. (2012) The 2011 General Election in Spain: The Collapse of the Socialist Party, South European Society and Politics, 17(2), 347–363. Martín, I. and Urquizu-Sancho, I. (2012) The 2011 General Election in Spain: The Collapse of the Socialist Party, South European Society and Politics, 17(2), 347–363.
Zurück zum Zitat Mintrom, M., & Norman, P. (2009). Policy entrepreneurship and policy change. Policy Studies Journal, 37(4), 649–667. CrossRef Mintrom, M., & Norman, P. (2009). Policy entrepreneurship and policy change. Policy Studies Journal, 37(4), 649–667. CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Molina, O. (2005). Political exchange and bargaining reform in Italy and Spain. European Journal of Industrial Relations, 11(1), 7–26. CrossRef Molina, O. (2005). Political exchange and bargaining reform in Italy and Spain. European Journal of Industrial Relations, 11(1), 7–26. CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Molina, O. (2011). Policy concertation, trade unions and the reform of the Spanish welfare state. In A. M. Guillén & M. León (Eds.), The Spanish welfare state in European context (pp. 77–95). Farnham: Ashgate. Molina, O. (2011). Policy concertation, trade unions and the reform of the Spanish welfare state. In A. M. Guillén & M. León (Eds.), The Spanish welfare state in European context (pp. 77–95). Farnham: Ashgate.
Zurück zum Zitat Natali, D., & Stamati, F. (2014). Reassessing south European pensions after the crisis: Evidence from two decades of reforms. South European Society and Politics, 19(3), 309–330. CrossRef Natali, D., & Stamati, F. (2014). Reassessing south European pensions after the crisis: Evidence from two decades of reforms. South European Society and Politics, 19(3), 309–330. CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Nohrstedt, D., & Hansén, D. (2010). Converging under pressure? Counterterrorism policy developments in the European Union member states. Public Administration, 88(1), 190–210. CrossRef Nohrstedt, D., & Hansén, D. (2010). Converging under pressure? Counterterrorism policy developments in the European Union member states. Public Administration, 88(1), 190–210. CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Patxot, C., Renteria, E., Scandurra, R. and Suoto, G. (2012) Annual report 2012 - pensions, health care, and long-term care, Spain, Cologne: Analytical Support on the Socio-Economic Impact of Social Protection Reforms. Patxot, C., Renteria, E., Scandurra, R. and Suoto, G. (2012) Annual report 2012 - pensions, health care, and long-term care, Spain, Cologne: Analytical Support on the Socio-Economic Impact of Social Protection Reforms.
Zurück zum Zitat Peters, B. G., Pierre, J., & Randma-Liiv, T. (2011). Global financial crisis, public administration and governance: Do new problems require new solutions? Public Organization Review, 11(1), 13–27. CrossRef Peters, B. G., Pierre, J., & Randma-Liiv, T. (2011). Global financial crisis, public administration and governance: Do new problems require new solutions? Public Organization Review, 11(1), 13–27. CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Renn, O., Klinke, A., & van Asselt, M. (2011). Coping with complexity, uncertainty and ambiguity in risk governance: A synthesis. Ambio, 40(2), 231–246. CrossRef Renn, O., Klinke, A., & van Asselt, M. (2011). Coping with complexity, uncertainty and ambiguity in risk governance: A synthesis. Ambio, 40(2), 231–246. CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Rodriguez, A. M. G. (2010). Annual National Report 2010 - pensions, health care and long-term care, Spain. Cologne: Analytical Support on the Socio-Economic Impact of Social Protection Reforms (ASISP). Rodriguez, A. M. G. (2010). Annual National Report 2010 - pensions, health care and long-term care, Spain. Cologne: Analytical Support on the Socio-Economic Impact of Social Protection Reforms (ASISP).
Zurück zum Zitat Sabatier, P., & Weible, C. (2007). The advocacy coalition framework: Innovations and clarifications. In P. Sabatier (Ed.), Theories of the policy process (pp. 189–220). Westview: Boulder. Sabatier, P., & Weible, C. (2007). The advocacy coalition framework: Innovations and clarifications. In P. Sabatier (Ed.), Theories of the policy process (pp. 189–220). Westview: Boulder.
Zurück zum Zitat Sánchez-Cuenca, I. (2012). Años de cambios, años de crisis. Ocho años de gobiernos socialistas, 2004–2011. Madrid: Catarata. Sánchez-Cuenca, I. (2012). Años de cambios, años de crisis. Ocho años de gobiernos socialistas, 2004–2011. Madrid: Catarata.
Zurück zum Zitat Scharpf, F. W. (1987). Sozialdemokratische Krisenpolitik in Europa. Campus: Frankfurt am Main. Scharpf, F. W. (1987). Sozialdemokratische Krisenpolitik in Europa. Campus: Frankfurt am Main.
Zurück zum Zitat Schlager, E. (2007). A comparison of frameworks, theories, and models of policy processes. In P. Sabatier (Ed.), Theories of the policy process (pp. 293–319). Westview: Boulder. Schlager, E. (2007). A comparison of frameworks, theories, and models of policy processes. In P. Sabatier (Ed.), Theories of the policy process (pp. 293–319). Westview: Boulder.
Zurück zum Zitat Schmidt, M. G. (1996). When parties matter: A review of the possibilities and limits of partisan influence on public policy. European Journal of Political Research, 30(2), 155–183. CrossRef Schmidt, M. G. (1996). When parties matter: A review of the possibilities and limits of partisan influence on public policy. European Journal of Political Research, 30(2), 155–183. CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Schmidt, M. G. (2002). The impact of political parties, constitutional structures and veto players on public policy. In H. Keman (Ed.), Comparative democratic politics: A guide to contemporary theory and research (pp. 166–185). London: SAGE Publications Ltd. CrossRef Schmidt, M. G. (2002). The impact of political parties, constitutional structures and veto players on public policy. In H. Keman (Ed.), Comparative democratic politics: A guide to contemporary theory and research (pp. 166–185). London: SAGE Publications Ltd. CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Schumacher, G., de Vries, C. E., & Vis, B. (2013). Why do parties change position? Party organization and environmental incentives. The Journal of Politics, 75(2), 464–477. CrossRef Schumacher, G., de Vries, C. E., & Vis, B. (2013). Why do parties change position? Party organization and environmental incentives. The Journal of Politics, 75(2), 464–477. CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Siaroff, A. (1999). Corporatism in 24 industrial democracies: Meaning and measurement. European Journal of Political Research, 36(2), 275–305. Siaroff, A. (1999). Corporatism in 24 industrial democracies: Meaning and measurement. European Journal of Political Research, 36(2), 275–305.
Zurück zum Zitat Simon, H. (1957) Models of man: New York : Wiley. Simon, H. (1957) Models of man: New York : Wiley.
Zurück zum Zitat Skocpol, T. (1979). States and social revolutions: A comparative analysis of France, Russia, and China. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossRef Skocpol, T. (1979). States and social revolutions: A comparative analysis of France, Russia, and China. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Starke, P., Kaasch, A., & Hooren, F. V. (2013). The welfare state as crisis manager. Houndmills, Basingstoke: Palgrave. CrossRef Starke, P., Kaasch, A., & Hooren, F. V. (2013). The welfare state as crisis manager. Houndmills, Basingstoke: Palgrave. CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Streeck, W., & Thelen, K. (Eds.). (2005). Beyond continuity: Institutional change in advanced political economies. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Streeck, W., & Thelen, K. (Eds.). (2005). Beyond continuity: Institutional change in advanced political economies. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Zurück zum Zitat True, J. L., Jones, B. D., & Baumgartner, F. R. (2007). Punctuated-equilibrium theory. In P. Sabatier (Ed.), Theories of the policy process (pp. 155–187). Westview: Boulder. True, J. L., Jones, B. D., & Baumgartner, F. R. (2007). Punctuated-equilibrium theory. In P. Sabatier (Ed.), Theories of the policy process (pp. 155–187). Westview: Boulder.
Zurück zum Zitat Tsebelis, G. (2002) Veto players. How Political Institutions Work, Princeton: Princeton University Press. Tsebelis, G. (2002) Veto players. How Political Institutions Work, Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Zurück zum Zitat Vis, B., van Kersbergen, K., & Hylands, T. (2011). To what extent did the financial crisis intensify the pressure to reform the welfare state? Social Policy & Administration, 45(4), 338–353. CrossRef Vis, B., van Kersbergen, K., & Hylands, T. (2011). To what extent did the financial crisis intensify the pressure to reform the welfare state? Social Policy & Administration, 45(4), 338–353. CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Weaver, K. (1988). Automatic government: The politics of indexation. The Brookings Institution: Washington D.C. Weaver, K. (1988). Automatic government: The politics of indexation. The Brookings Institution: Washington D.C.
Zurück zum Zitat Wilensky, H. L. (2002). Rich democracies. Berkeley: University of California Press. Wilensky, H. L. (2002). Rich democracies. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Zurück zum Zitat Wood, M. (2016) Paradoxical politics: Emergency, Security and the Depoliticisation of Flooding. Political Studies, 64(3), 699–718. Wood, M. (2016) Paradoxical politics: Emergency, Security and the Depoliticisation of Flooding. Political Studies, 64(3), 699–718.
Zurück zum Zitat Wood, M., & Flinders, M. (2014). Rethinking depoliticisation: Beyond the governmental. Policy & Politics, 42(2), 151–170. Wood, M., & Flinders, M. (2014). Rethinking depoliticisation: Beyond the governmental. Policy & Politics, 42(2), 151–170.
Zurück zum Zitat Zohlnhöfer, R. (2009). How politics matter when policies change: Understanding policy change as a political problem. Journal of Comparative Policy Analysis, 11(1), 97–115. CrossRef Zohlnhöfer, R. (2009). How politics matter when policies change: Understanding policy change as a political problem. Journal of Comparative Policy Analysis, 11(1), 97–115. CrossRef
Metadaten
Titel
Policy Theories in Hard Times? Assessing the Explanatory Power of Policy Theories in the Context of Crisis
verfasst von
Georg Wenzelburger
Pascal D. König
Frieder Wolf
Publikationsdatum
26.08.2017
Verlag
Springer US
Erschienen in
Public Organization Review / Ausgabe 1/2019
Print ISSN: 1566-7170
Elektronische ISSN: 1573-7098
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11115-017-0387-1

Weitere Artikel der Ausgabe 1/2019

Public Organization Review 1/2019 Zur Ausgabe

EditorialNotes

Introduction