Weitere Kapitel dieses Buchs durch Wischen aufrufen
This chapter recollects how an overheard phone call in the Red Lion Public House in 1997 threw New Labour’s European policy into disarray. The chapter investigates criticisms and defences of New Labour’s European policy, showing that the notion of failure is itself a construction, born out of political contestation and blame allocation when groups with a vested interest in policy processes deem things to have ‘gone wrong’. The chapter finds that the balance of commentary on the pro-European side depicts New Labour’s European policy as a programme failure born out of decisional failure. In the search for culprits, the Red Lion episode has been alighted upon as symptomatic of both New Labour’s over-reliance on closed decision-making and its over-reliance on ‘spin’.
Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten
Sie möchten Zugang zu diesem Inhalt erhalten? Dann informieren Sie sich jetzt über unsere Produkte:
Blair, Tony. 1997. General Election Victory Speech, 1997. May 2. Available at http://www.britishpoliticalspeech.org/speech-archive.htm?speech=222. 15 July 2014.
———. 2006. Speech on the Future of Europe. February 2. Available at http://webarchive.nationalarchives.gov.uk/+/number10.gov.uk/page9003. 21 Aug 2014.
———. 2010. A Journey. London: Hutchinson.
Boulton, Adam. 2008. Tony’s Ten Years: Memories of the Blair Administration. London: Simon and Schuster.
Bovens, Mark, and Paul ‘t Hart. 2005. Understanding Policy Fiascos. London: Transaction Publishers.
———. 2016. Revisiting the Study of Policy Failures. Journal of European Public Policy 23 (5): 653–666. CrossRef
Bower, Tom. 2004. Gordon Brown. London: HarperCollins.
Brown, Gordon. 1997. Chancellor’s Speech on EMU. October 27. Available at http://webarchive.nationalarchives.gov.uk/+/http:/www.hm-treasury.gov.uk/speech_chex_271097.htm. 15 July 2014.
Campbell, Alastair. 2007. The Blair Years: Extracts from the Alastair Campbell Diaries. London: Hutchinson.
Cook, Robin. 2003. The Point of Departure. London: Simon and Schuster.
Cormac, Rory, and Oliver Daddow. forthcoming. Covert Action Failure and Fiasco Construction: William Hague’s 2011 Libyan Venture. Journal of European Public Policy. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13501763.2017/1291709. 20 February 2017.
Coughlin, Con. 2009. EU: European Army No Closer as Member States Put Own Interests First. Daily Telegraph, September 21. Available at http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/europe/6207314/EU-European-army-no-closer-as-member-states-put-own-interests-first.html. 26 Aug 2014.
Crowson, Nicholas J. 2007. The Conservative Party and European Integration Since 1945: At the Heart of Europe? Abingdon: Routledge.
Daddow, Oliver. 2009. ‘“Tony’s War?” Blair, Kosovo and the Interventionist Impulse in British Foreign Policy. International Affairs 85 (3): 547–560. CrossRef
———. 2011. New Labour and the European Union: Blair and Brown’s Logic of History. Manchester: Manchester University Press.
———. 2012. The UK Media and “Europe”: From Permissive Consensus to Destructive Dissent. International Affairs 88 (6): 1219–1236. CrossRef
———. 2015. Interpreting the Outsider Tradition in British European Policy Speeches from Thatcher to Cameron. Journal of Common Market Studies 53 (1): 71–88. CrossRef
Daniels, Philip. 1998. From Hostility to “Constructive Engagement”: The Europeanisation of the Labour Party. West European Politics 21 (1): 72–96. CrossRef
Donnelly, Brendan. 2005. The Euro and British Politics. Federal Trust European Policy Brief 15, September. Available at http://www.fedstrust.co.uk/filepool/PolicyBrief15.pdf. 25 Aug 2014.
Garton Ash, Timothy. 2007. Brown Must Learn the Lessons from Blair’s Three Big Mistakes. Guardian, May 10. Available at http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2007/may/10/comment.politics. 21 Aug 2014.
George, Stephen. 1994. An Awkward Partner: Britain in the European Community. New York: Oxford University Press.
Gowland, David, and Arthur Turner. 1999. Reluctant Europeans: Britain and European Integration 1945–1998. London: Longman.
Gowland, David, Arthur Turner, and Alex Wright. 2010. Britain and European Integration Since 1945: On the Sidelines. London: Routledge.
Greenslade, Roy. 2016. National Newspapers Savage Tony Blair over the Chilcot Report. July 7. Available at https://www.thegurardian.com/media/greebslade/2016/jul/07/national-newspapers-savage-tony-blair-over-the-chilcot-reprt. 23 Nov 2016.
Howlett, Michael. 2012. The Lessons of Failure: Learning and Blame Avoidance in Public Policy-making. International Political Science Review 33 (5): 539–555. CrossRef
James, Scott, and Kai Oppermann. 2009. Britain and the European Union. In The Blair Legacy: Policy, Governance, and Foreign Affairs, ed. Terrence Casey, 285–298. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. CrossRef
Jenkins, Roy. 1983. Britain and Europe: Ten Years of Community Membership. International Affairs 59 (2): 147–153. CrossRef
Klotz, Audie, and Cecelia Lynch. 2007. Strategies for Research in Constructivist International Relations. London: M.E. Sharpe.
Leconte, Cécile. 2010. Understanding Euroscepticism. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. CrossRef
Liddle, Roger. 2014. The Europe Dilemma: Britain and the Drama of EU Integration. London: I.B. Tauris.
Mandelson, Peter. 2002. The Blair Revolution Revisited. London: Politico’s.
———. 2011. The Third Man. London: Harper Press.
Marsh, David, and Allan McConnell. 2010. Towards a Framework for Establishing Policy Success. Public Administration 88 (2): 564–583. CrossRef
McConnell, Allan. 2010. Policy Success, Policy Failure and Grey Areas In-Between. Journal of Public Policy 30 (3): 345–362. CrossRef
———. 2014. Why Do Policies Fail? A Starting Point for Exploration. Paper Presented at Political Studies Association 64th International Conference, Manchester, 14–16 April. Available at http://www.psa.ac.uk/sites/default/files/conference/papers/2014/McConnell%20Policy%20PSA%20April%202014.pdf. 24 Feb 2015.
———. 2016. A Public Policy Approach to Understanding the Nature and Causes of Foreign Policy Failure. Journal of European Public Policy 23 (5): 667–684. CrossRef
Miliband, David. 2009. Speech at London School of Economics Debate, ‘EU fit for purpose in a post 2009 global age’. March 9. Available at http://www.lse.ac.uk/assets/richmedia/channels/publicLecturesAndEvents/transcripts/20090309_DavidMiliband_tr.pdf. 21 Aug 2014.
Oppermann, Kai, and Alexander Spencer. 2016a. Studying Fiascos: Bringing Public and Foreign Policy Together. Journal of European Public Policy 23 (5): 643–652. CrossRef
———. 2016b. Telling Stories of Failure: Narrative Constructions of Foreign Policy Fiascos. Journal of European Public Policy 23 (5): 685–701. CrossRef
Peston, Robert. 2005. Brown’s Britain. London: Short Books.
Price, Lance. 2005. The Spin Doctor’s Diary: Inside Number Ten with New Labour. London: Hodder and Stoughton.
Radice, Giles. 2010. Trio: Inside the Blair, Brown, Mandelson Project. London: I.B. Tauris.
Routledge, Paul. 1998. Gordon Brown: The Biography. London: Pocket Books.
Scott, Derek. 2004. Off Whitehall: A View from Downing Street by Tony Blair’s Adviser. London: I.B. Tauris.
Seldon, Anthony, Peter Snowdon, and Daniel Collings. 2007. Blair Unbound. London: Simon and Schuster.
Short, Clare. 2005. An Honourable Deception? New Labour, Iraq, and the Misuse of Power. London: The Free Press.
Smith, Julie. 2005. A Missed Opportunity? New Labour’s European Policy 1997–2005. International Affairs 81 (4): 703–721. CrossRef
———. 2017. The UK’s Journeys Into and Out Of the EU: Destinations Unknown. London: Routledge.
Sowemimo, Matthew. 1999. Evaluating the Success of the Labour Government’s European Policy. Journal of European Integration 21 (4): 343–368. CrossRef
Stephens, Philip. 2004. Tony Blair: The Making of a World Leader. London: Viking.
The Report of the Iraq Inquiry. 2016. Her Majesty’s Stationary Office. July 6. Available at http://www.iraqinquiry.org.uk/the-report. 4 Nov 2016.
Tonybee, Polly, and David Walker. 2001. Did Things Get Better? An Audit of New Labour’s Successes and Failures. London: Penguin.
Wall, Stephen. 2008. A Stranger in Europe: Britain and the EU from Thatcher to Blair. Oxford: Oxford University Press. CrossRef
Wallace, William. 2005. The Collapse of British Foreign Policy. International Affairs 82 (1): 56–68.
Whitman, Richard G. 1999. Amsterdam’s Unfinished Business? The Blair Government’s Initiative and the Future of the Western European Union. Institute for Security Studies – Western European Union, Occasional Paper 7, January. Available at http://www.iss.europa.eu/uploads/media/occ007.pdf. Accessed 26 Aug 2014.
Williams, Paul D. 2005. British Foreign Policy Under New Labour, 1997–2005. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. CrossRef
- Policymaking in the Pub: New Labour’s European Policy Failure
- Chapter 5