At the first global Population Conference in Bucharest (1974), the international community focused only on the demographic explosion in the “third world”. Then, the Southern and Eastern shores of the Mediterranean had among the highest natural population growth in the world and, as a consequence, the youngest population and the lowest proportion of labour force at the national level (Zlotnik ch. 33). The international community seemed almost unanimous in noting the impossibility of conducting the necessary food and agricultural policies for the development of most countries in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA). Such policies seemed prohibitive in view of the enormous proportion of youth in their populations. In addition, numerous studies carried out in the region are classic examples of the very old question regarding distortions between population and resources.
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- Population Growth and Food Security in the Countries of the Middle East and North Africa
- Springer Berlin Heidelberg