Skip to main content
main-content

Tipp

Weitere Artikel dieser Ausgabe durch Wischen aufrufen

01.12.2011 | Ausgabe 6/2011

Cellulose 6/2011

Preparation and characterization of hydrophobic derivatives of TEMPO-oxidized nanocelluloses

Zeitschrift:
Cellulose > Ausgabe 6/2011
Autoren:
Richard K. Johnson, Audrey Zink-Sharp, Wolfgang G. Glasser
Wichtige Hinweise

Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (doi:10.​1007/​s10570-011-9579-y) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Abstract

Amidation and ionic complexation were evaluated as surface modification treatments for TEMPO-oxidized nanocelluloses (TONc), using octadecylamine (ODA) as the modifying compound. Effects of the two treatments on TONc with respect to degree of ODA substitution, surface hydrophobicity, crystalline characteristics, and thermal decomposition properties were investigated, respectively, with elemental analysis, contact angle measurements, X-ray diffraction spectroscopy, and thermogravimetric analysis. Both treatments resulted in complete substitution of TONc surface carboxyl groups with ODA, transforming TONc surfaces from hydrophilic to hydrophobic. A slightly greater than one-to-one ODA-to-carboxyl ratio was found for the ionic complexation product, giving it a more hydrophobic character than the amidation product. Furthermore, the ionic complexation product was found to be surprisingly stable in acidic environment and was able to resist dissociation at fairly low pH. TONc from both treatments could be readily dispersed in organic solvents of wide-ranging polarities, making ionic complexation an equally effective surface modification approach as amidation for the hydrophobization of TONc surfaces. It was also found, through X-ray diffraction results that the crystalline structure of TONc was preserved even after the surface modification treatments. Finally, the thermal stability of TONc was slightly increased as a result of the surface modification treatments as evidenced by slight shifts to higher values of TONc thermal decomposition temperature.

Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten

Sie möchten Zugang zu diesem Inhalt erhalten? Dann informieren Sie sich jetzt über unsere Produkte:

Springer Professional "Technik"

Online-Abonnement

Mit Springer Professional "Technik" erhalten Sie Zugriff auf:

  • über 50.000 Bücher
  • über 380 Zeitschriften

aus folgenden Fachgebieten:

  • Automobil + Motoren
  • Bauwesen + Immobilien
  • Business IT + Informatik
  • Elektrotechnik + Elektronik
  • Energie + Umwelt
  • Maschinenbau + Werkstoffe




Testen Sie jetzt 30 Tage kostenlos.

Springer Professional "Wirtschaft+Technik"

Online-Abonnement

Mit Springer Professional "Wirtschaft+Technik" erhalten Sie Zugriff auf:

  • über 69.000 Bücher
  • über 500 Zeitschriften

aus folgenden Fachgebieten:

  • Automobil + Motoren
  • Bauwesen + Immobilien
  • Business IT + Informatik
  • Elektrotechnik + Elektronik
  • Energie + Umwelt
  • Finance + Banking
  • Management + Führung
  • Marketing + Vertrieb
  • Maschinenbau + Werkstoffe
  • Versicherung + Risiko

Testen Sie jetzt 30 Tage kostenlos.

Zusatzmaterial
Supplementary material 1 (PDF 34 kb)
10570_2011_9579_MOESM1_ESM.pdf
Supplementary material 2 (PDF 123 kb)
10570_2011_9579_MOESM2_ESM.pdf
Literatur
Über diesen Artikel

Weitere Artikel der Ausgabe 6/2011

Cellulose 6/2011 Zur Ausgabe