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This book reports on an architectural conservation and reuse project in Anipemza, an Armenian Soviet-era village on the Turkish border, just a few steps away from the important Yererouyk archaeological site. Based on current tourist trends, the book suggests the development of a social system and micro-economic reactivation model to endorse the territory’s numerous cultural resources and preserve the memory of the village that housed the genocide orphanages and the many other stories associated with the village. Further, the development of sustainable tourism will lead to an improved relationship between locals and visitors. Examining the development of a system of strategies able to cope with the existing social, economic and hygiene problems as well as the architectural preservation aims, the book provides valuable guidelines for the local community.

Inhaltsverzeichnis

Frontmatter

Chapter 1. Anipemza. The Birth of Interest on a Forgotten Extraordinary Fragile Site in Armenia

Abstract
Anipemza represent a unique study case in Armenia because of a singular settlement rich of history and an interesting architectural, environmental and land-scape example. This book aims to describe, step by step, the reconstruction of the historical period when the village was settled and the life of the village, its values’ definition and the consequent urgent necessity of preservation intervention and revitalization.
Francesco Augelli

Chapter 2. Historical Analysis and Anipemza Village’s current condition

Abstract
Anipemza, in Shirak province, is located on the border of Armenia with Turkey, on the bank of Akhurian River on which opposite side there are, not so far, the ruins of the ancient and famous Armenian city of Ani, in Turkey since 1915. The old Anipemza, founded in IV century by Kamsarakan princes, is a village and rural community (municipality) of Armenia. Anipemza’s territory is mainly well known for the near ruins of Yererouyk basilica of four–five century and for its quarry. The “new” village is characterized by an urban layout of particular interest and the impression is that to be in a workers’ village of the early twentieth century. Near the buildings is possible to see a wide-open quarry for the extraction of the tuff and pumice. We cannot exclude that with the tuff of this quarry was built the Yererouyk basilica. The oral witness obtained by interviewing the residents have established that Anipemza, since 1926, was a village for the orphans of 1915 genocide and then has been also a penal colony for dissidents’ forced labour during the Soviet regime in Armenia. The village is characterized by two distinct areas separated by a tree-lined entrance oriented towards the south north. The area problems are mainly: the lack of work for the inhabitants, repair of the water supplying system (repair of drinking water), lack of bathrooms, preservation and enhancing of the buildings, repair of road paving, agricultural products sales and completion of natural gas infrastructures. However, the very high urban and architectural quality of Anipemza deserves a contribution in order to make it known expecting that it will be preserved and valorised.
Francesco Augelli, Alessandro Marcone

Chapter 3. Characteristics, Materials and Decay Analysis of Anipemza Buildings

Abstract
The perfect knowledge of historical buildings is fundamental in the conservation project: first of all, building characteristics, dimensions, technologies and materials of Anipemza have been recognised and listed; after that, decay phenomena are deeply analysed to recognise pathologies acting on the materials and structures in order to understand causes and find solutions.
Paola Bertò, Alessandro Marcone

Chapter 4. Levels of Intervention, Conservation and Operational Guidelines for Anipemza Village

Abstract
This chapter is focused on the definition of a conservation-oriented Operational Guidelines that help the local inhabitants and institutions in the urban and architectural management and to govern future transformations and maintenance operations, constituting a concrete reference for a feasible conservation of the qualities, the values and, indirectly, the rich memories of the Anipemza Village. These guidelines, inspired to the Principles of Restoration and to International Standards, highlight the need to consider three levels of intervention: the village, the buildings and the materials. At the end of the chapter some examples of the Operation Guidelines’ technical sheets are presented.
Paola Bertò, Alessandro Marcone

Chapter 5. Anipemza Village’s Adaptive Reuse Design

Abstract
This Fifth Chapter presents the adopted methodology and the results of the Adaptive Reuse Design that, starting from the outline of a social-oriented System Design Masterplan and the priority list of suggested operations is dedicated to the presentation of the case-studies that compose the mosaic of those interventions needed to build a possible social and economic reactivation strategy of Anipemza. Five case-studies for five different existing buildings will in fact virtuously match the user needs of locals and visitors alike, following preservation priorities to pursue the conservation of the integrity and the authenticity of the pre-existences, a minimum intervention approach and contemporary interventions identity’s awareness. The aimed attraction of a larger number of tourists into the discovery of the architectural, but most importantly the human qualities of the village will endorse decisive new social relationships as long as the village micro-economy reactivation, thus endorsing the future itself of this community, the historical memories and the architectural palimpsest. In this sense the Adaptive Reuse Design is intended as the final stage of the Conservation Process.
Francesco Augelli, Matteo Rigamonti

Backmatter

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