Weitere Kapitel dieses Buchs durch Wischen aufrufen
This chapter uses data from the International Benchmarking Network for Water and Sanitation Utilities (IBNET) to assess the progress utilities are making toward financial sustainability while ensuring that the services remain affordable. The analysis finds that many utilities are only recovering operation and maintenance (O&M) costs and fall far short of achieving full financial cost recovery. The level of (O&M) cost recovery has, on average, barely changed between 2006 and 2011. Over the same period, with incomes rising in many parts of the world, water supply and wastewater services have become more affordable. This suggests that many utilities may be able to increase water prices. The analysis also shows that the differences in utilities’ performance between and within countries are large. Better understanding of how the differences in costs affect revenue sufficiency and affordability is needed to improve pricing policies.
Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten
Sie möchten Zugang zu diesem Inhalt erhalten? Dann informieren Sie sich jetzt über unsere Produkte:
American Society of Civil Engineers. (2011). Failure to act: The economic impact of current investment trends in water and wastewater infrastructure. American Society of Civil Engineers, Washington, DC.
Banerjee, S., Foster, V., Ying, Y., Skilling, H., & Wodon, Q. (2008). Cost recovery, equity, and efficiency in water tariffs: Evidence from African utilities (Africa Infrastructure Diagnostic Survey, Working Paper 7).
Dalhuizen, J., Raymond, M., Florax, J. G. M., de Groot, H. L. F., & Nijkamp, P. (2003). Price and income elasticities of residential water demand: A meta-analysis. Land Economics, 79, 292–308. CrossRef
Danilenko, A., van den Berg, C., Macheve, B., & Moffitt, L. J. (2014). The IBNET water supply and sanitation blue book 2014: The international benchmarking network for water and sanitation utilities databook. World Bank Group, Washington, DC.
European Environment Agency. (2013). Assessment of cost recovery through pricing of water (Technical report 16/2013). Copenhagen: European Environment Agency.
Freebairn, J. (2008). Some emerging issues in urban water supply and pricing. Economic Papers (the Economic Society of Australia), 27, 184–193.
International Benchmarking Network for Water and Sanitation Utilities (IBNET) at www.ib-net.org
Komives, K., Foster, V., Halpern, J., & Wodon, Q. (2005). Water, electricity and the poor: Who benefits from utility subsidies? Washington, DC: World Bank. CrossRef
Nauges, C., & van den Berg, C. (2008). Economies of density, scale and scope in the water supply and sewerage sector: A study of four developing and transition economies. Journal of Regulatory Economics, 34, 144–163. CrossRef
Nauges, C., & van den Berg, C. (2010). Heterogeneity in the cost structure of water and sanitation services: A cross-country comparison of conditions for scale economies. Oxford Development Studies, 38, 199–217. CrossRef
Nauges, C., & Whittington, D. (2010). Estimation of water demand in developing countries: An overview. World Bank Research Observer, 25, 263–294. CrossRef
OECD. (2009). Managing water for all: An OECD perspective on pricing and financing. Paris: OECD. CrossRef
OECD. (2010). Pricing water resources and water and sanitation services. Paris: OECD Publishing. CrossRef
Rogers, P., de Silva, R., & Bhatia, R. (2002). Water is an economic good: How to use prices to promote equity, efficiency and sustainability. Water Policy, 4, 1–17. CrossRef
Saavalainen, T. & ten Berge, J. (2006). Quasi-fiscal deficits and energy conditionality in selected CIS countries (IMF Research Working Paper 06/43). Washington, DC.
UN General Assembly. (2010). Resolution 64/292: The human right to water and sanitation. http://www.un.org/ga/search/view_doc.asp?symbol=A/RES/64/292
Whittington, D. (2003). Municipal water pricing and tariff design: A reform agenda for south Asia. Water Policy, 5, 61–76.
Whittington, D., Hanemann, C. S., & Jeuland, M. (2008). The challenge of improving water and sanitation services in less developed countries. Foundations and Trends in Microeconomics, 4, 469–609. CrossRef
WHO. (1989). Managerial and financial principles for water supply and sanitation agencies. Report of the fourth consultation on institutional development working group on cost recovery. Geneva, 21–25 Nov 1988.
WHO. (2003). Domestic water quality, service levels and health. Geneva: World Health Organization.
WHO and UNICEF Joint Monitoring Program. (2014). Progress on drinking water and sanitation: Update for 2014. World Health Organization and UNICEF, Geneva.
Zetland, D., & Gasson, C. (2013). A global survey of urban water tariffs: Are they sustainable, efficient and fair? International Journal for Water Resources Development, 29, 1–16. CrossRef
- Pricing Municipal Water and Wastewater Services in Developing Countries: Are Utilities Making Progress Toward Sustainability?
Caroline van den Berg
- Chapter 23
Systemische Notwendigkeit zur Weiterentwicklung von Hybridnetzen