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Über dieses Buch

This book reviews the hydrogeology of karst systems, starting with the classifications from the applied point of view, and then the hydraulic parameters (porosity, permeability, and transmissivity). It also addresses the karstification process, its resulting forms, and their hydrogeological significance. Besides, the author describes possible models of karstic aquifers and their characterization. The book also explains the classical methods for analyzing hydrograms of karst springs and deepens the analysis of time series, as a preliminary phase to the mathematical simulation of karst aquifers. Finally, it introduces the hydrogeochemical characterization of karst, of the processes involved as well as the possible pollution and protection of karst aquifers.

This book is intended to be of interest for professionals in hydrogeology as well as graduate and undergraduate students.

Inhaltsverzeichnis

Frontmatter

Chapter 1. Karst and Pseudokarst Materials

Abstract
Karst has two meanings: the first is synonymous with karst region, one made up of carbonate, compact and soluble rocks that display characteristic surface and underground forms; the other, by extension, refers to any effect of karstification on karstifiable rock.
Antonio Pulido-Bosch

Chapter 2. Karstification and Forms

Abstract
Karstification works in two ways: one chemical, involving corrosion; and the other mechanical, involving physical erosion. The first dominates initially, but later the second may become dominant.
Antonio Pulido-Bosch

Chapter 3. Conceptual Models of Karst Aquifers

Abstract
Martel’s model considers that there are underground rivers only in limestone massifs.
Antonio Pulido-Bosch

Chapter 4. Analysis of Hydrographs

Abstract
For a long time, studies of karst hydrogeology were based essentially on analysis of a spring’s hydrographs. This analysis was the basis for elaborating on the various hypotheses on the structure and function of the karst environment.
Antonio Pulido-Bosch

Chapter 5. Time Series Analyses

Abstract
A correlogram shows the autocorrelation coefficients rk (k = 0, 1, 2, …), after discretization of the time series (x1 x2, …, xn).
Antonio Pulido-Bosch

Chapter 6. Mathematical Models

Abstract
Black-box model: The black box is the aquifer; precipitation or useful rain is the input function and the output function is a spring’s flow.
Antonio Pulido-Bosch

Chapter 7. Hydrogeochemistry and Water Quality

Abstract
The waters associated with carbonate aquifers are of calcium and/or calcium–magnesium carbonate types, with the ratio r Mg/r Ca increasing with the dolomite content of the rock, possibly exceeding that of the unit. Classic texts to consult on the matter are: Hem [1], Catalan [2], Custodio [35], Appelo and Postma in Chap. 2 [1] and Fagundo (in Chap. 2 [4] and [5]).
Antonio Pulido-Bosch

Chapter 8. Exploration and Exploitation

Abstract
Hydrogeological cartography is a basic exploration tool. International works have been published on the subject. Fracking analysis, aquifer point inventory, hydrochemical data, geophysical methods, and tracers are useful research aids for the karst environment.
Antonio Pulido-Bosch
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