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Illegal logging has pushed Indonesia’s forest sector into a state of chronic ecological crisis. These logging activities increasingly flourished in “forestry concession” areas (HPH) during the Soeharto regime (1968–1998), but remained within tolerable levels as a part of “politically organized corruption” (Mulholland 2006). With the stepping down of Soeharto on the 21st of May, 1998 and consequent political fragmentation, disorganized corruption emerged in forestry, among other sectors, and further exacerbated the intensity and scope of illegal logging in protected forests, but also conservation areas (Ross ML, Timber booms and institutional breakdown in Southeast Asia. Cambridge University Press, New York, 2001).
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For further information see Casson, Anne and Krystof, Obidzinski, Loc Cit, pp. 2138–2139.
Ginting, Longgena, ‘Hutan Hancur, Moratorium Manjur’ (Deforestation--> and Moratorium Recover), Walhi-->, Jakarta, 2001, pp. 3–4.
Manurung, Togu, ‘Fakta Menunjukan bahwa Pemerintah tidak Mampu’ (The fact shows that government is not able to crush illegal logging), Warta FKKM, Vol. 6, No. 6, June 2003, pp. 9.
Hapsoro, Director of Telapak Indonesia, “Penebangan Tanjung Puting ada Dalangnya” (Tanjung Puting National Park Cutting there is main actor-->), in TUNAS, Vol. 1, No. 8, February 2003, pp. 8.
Musa, Adie Usman, “Illegal Logging--> Tanpa Solusi” (Illegal logging without solution), in Warta FKKM, Vol. 6, No. 6, June 2003, pp. 3.
Hasanu Simon is advisor and member of trustees of FKKM (Forum Komunikasi Kehutanan Masyarakat). He (Simon) is officially registered as senior lecturer in the Faculty of Forestry, The University of Gadjah Mada, Jogyakarta.
Wahyudi Wardoyo’s paper entitled: “Remarks by Secretary General at the Ministry of Forestry Republic of Indonesia on the First Meeting of Asia Forest Partnership” (AFT), Tokyo, November 11, 2002.
The achievement of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan-->, “Joint Announcement of the Cooperation in Combating Illegal Logging-->,” June 24, 2003, Tokyo.
Ross ML (2001) Timber booms and institutional breakdown in Southeast Asia. Cambridge University Press, New York CrossRef
Casson A, Obidzinski K (2002) From new order to regional autonomy: shifting dynamics of illegal logging in Kalimantan, Indonesia. World Dev 30(12):2134–2136 CrossRef
Dudley R (2002) Dynamics of illegal logging in Indonesia. In: Colfer CJP, Resosudarmo IA (eds) Which way forward: People, forests and policy making in Indonesia. Resources for the Future Press, Washington, DC
Ginting L (2001b) Hutan Hancur, Moratorium Manjur [Deforestation and moratorium recover]. Walhi report, Jakarta
Hidayat H (2004) Dynamism of forest policy in Indonesia: focusing on the movement and logic of stakeholders under the Soeharto government and reformation Era. Ph.D. dissertation, Department of Forest Science, Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo
Howard D (2002) State, politics, society and institutional learning. Lessons of the 20th century, http://www.iissg.nl/research/ecgrowthdick.pdf
International Timber Trade Organization (ITTO) (2001) Guidelines on sustainable management of tropical forest. Yokohama, International Timber Trade Organization (ITTO)
Kompas 5 August 2001
Kompas 26 March 2003
Kompas 18 February 2005
Kompas 21 April 2005
Manurung T (2003) Fakta Menunjukan bahwa Pemerintah tak Mampu [The fact shows that the government unable]. Warta FKKM 6(6)
Mulholland J, Thomas K (1999) The price of rice http://Insideindonesia.org/edit/edit58/bulog.htm.April-June
Mulholland J, Thomas K (2002) Krisis BPPN dan Posisi Konglomerat [BPPN crisis and conglomeration position]. Kompas 24 January or http://unisosdem.org/kliping_detail.php/aid
Provincial Forestry Agency in Figure (1999/2000)
TUNAS 1(8) February 2003
Wardojo W (2002) Remarks by Secretary General the Ministry of Forestry of the Republic of Indonesia, on the first meeting of Asia Forest Partnership (AFP), Tokyo
Warta FKKM (2003) 6(6), June
- Problems in the Decentralization Process: Illegal Logging Practices
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- Chapter 9