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Über dieses Buch

The purpose of the 4th International Asia Conference on Industrial Engineering and Management Innovation (IEMI 2013) is to bring together researchers, engineers and practitioners interested in the application of informatics to usher in new advances in the industrial engineering and management fields.

Inhaltsverzeichnis

Frontmatter

Advanced Design and Manufacturing

Frontmatter

Preparation of a Kind of Honey Effervescent Tablets

The aim of the research is to develop a kind of honey effervescent tablets. With honey power and pregelatinized starch as main raw materials, the matching accessories are chosen by the orthogonal test to select the production technology of the honey effervescent tablets. The optimized formula of the honey effervescent tablets is honey power 60 %, pregelatinized starch 15.5 %, citric acid 11.7 %, sodium bicarbonate 8.3 %, sodium cyclamate 2.0 %, PEG6000 2.5 %. The honey effervescent tablets prepared by this method which is simple and feasible, have stable quality and good taste, meet pharmacopeia standards, disintegrate rapidly and are easy to take.

Ya-hui Zhang, Ze-yuan Huang

The Design and Research of a Kind of Timing Charging Controller

This paper is describing a kind of method which is based on SCM (model STC89C52) to design the software and hardware of a timing charging controller. It shows the working principle of the controller, and also focuses on the ways that read, write and operate the LCD module, clock chip, and the principle of turning a relay on or off, and it gives some pictures of the circuit principle diagram and the C language program code of the SCM.

Li Ping, Jin-gang Xu

Models and Algorithms for Locating Facilities with Hybrid Demand for Service

We developed a new model for locating facilities with demand that are originated from both residential areas and from passing by flows. A mixed integer program is proposed with the objective function of maximum the total profit gained by serving both types of customers. Since the problem is NP-hard, greedy heuristic and improved greedy heuristic are proposed. The improved greedy heuristic presented solves the computational experiments with competitive results, while the run time is much less than that of the optimal method. The sensitivity of the optimal locations to the input parameters is analyzed with an example network and the results are reported.

Rui-ling Shen, Jia-zhen Huo, Xu-fang Li

The Complexity Conceptual Model of Lean Construction

Nowadays the construction industry is one of the largest and most important industries. The paper firstly reviews the history of Lean construction, two main theory- TFV and LPDS. Then it analyzes the complexity of construction that it differs from manufacture. Finally, combining with stimulus-response model of CAS theory, conceptual model of Lean construction is proposed.

Chun-ping Huang, Pu Liu, Pei Zhang

Research on Feature-Based Data Exchange Between Tribon and UG

For shipbuilding and auto industry, using different CAD platform to fulfill one project is very popular. Engineers have to deal with so many data exchange works. While the main problem is that many raw modeling features have been lost during this process and could not be inherited by another system. So from this point of view, how to realize the modeling data exchange or called geometry data seamless integration between heterogeneous CAD systems is very important. In this paper, we propose a new method to realize such function. We trace ship hull modeling history in Tribon and then via the XML neutral file, a same 3d model will be regenerated in another system UG. The experiments show that this data exchange method is fairly high efficiency and all modeling features have been inherited. This method can also be widely used in other feature-based CAD platforms such as Solidworks, CADDS5 and CATIA.

Wei Liu, Xiong-hui Zhou, Xue-yu Ruan

Construction of System Framework of the Most Stringent Water Resources Management Regime

Innovation of water resources management regime is an inevitable choice for economic and social development. It would be beneficial to sustainable development of the harmonious society between human and water as well as to sustainable utilization of water resources if the connotation of the new-type water resources management regime could be defined, the institutional system be established, realization approaches to be discussed, and the limited water resources could be used to the full extent both in development of economy and society and in virtuous cycle of ecological environment.

Ju-ling Qiao, Fang Liu

Research on the Integration Mechanism and Strategy of the Services Innovation and the Manufacturing Industry

The goal of this paper is to analyze the integration mechanism and development strategy of the services innovation and the manufacturing industry. Firstly, we make an introduction about the connation of service innovation with the four dimensions model. Secondly, we make an analysis about the need and impact for the use of services innovation in the manufacturing industry. Then, we make a discussion about integration mechanism of the services innovation and the manufacturing industry. Finally, we put forward the strategy for the integration of services innovation and the manufacturing industry, which can guide their further integration in the near future.

Xin Zhu

Low-Carbon Design of Modern Lamps from the View of Material

With the development of materials science, the role of material in the modern lighting design has become an important part in product visual effects and internal structure. After the Copenhagen climate conference, the low carbon design concept began to be used in lighting design. This paper, through the interpretation of the low carbon design concept and the analysis of the role of material in modern lighting design, makes a preliminary study of modern lighting low carbon design from the material point of view.

Hong-yan Xue, Hui Yang, OTGengNaoRiBu

Application of Work Study to the Improvement of PCB-Assembly Line

The circuit board final assembly process is discussed as an application example in this study. In order to find the bottleneck stations where the production efficiency are low, work measurement is employed to determine operation time of every station. The paper applies analytical methods of process, operation and movement of work study to analyze the assembly line. Then the technique of 5W1H, ECRS and economic principle of motion is applied to improve the bottleneck. Through good results in comparison with the old scheme, the balance rate is increased and the product efficiency is enhanced.

Xin-xin Han, Xu-hong Guo

Nonintrusive Efficiency Estimation of Induction Motors Using an Optimized EKF

In this paper, an intelligent optimal EKF (Extended Kalman Filter) algorithm was presented to overcome the defect of getting the noises covariance matrices of EKF by a trial and error method. In order to get optimal parameter of noises covariance matrices by intelligent method, an optimal model was established using the error of estimated speed and torque with measured, then solved by PSO. The efficiency was computed using the estimated speed and load torque by the optimized EKF. Experimental results demonstrated that the estimated efficiency using this method has higher estimated accuracy than EKF.

Hong-xia Yu, Chuang Li, Yan-hong Wang, Li Chen

Design of VAV BOX Controller Based on Fuzzy-PID Hybrid Control

Hybrid fuzzy-PID controller is a controller that makes fuzzy and PID controller in parallel, it adopts fuzzy control when away from the operating point taking the advantages of solving the nonlinear uncertainty with fuzzy controller. And it adopts PID control around the work area by using PID to control the characteristics of high precision. The fuzzy PID controller is applied to the VAV BOX for many factors influenced by VAV terminal control. It effectively solves the problems of the VAV air conditioning system which is lag, big inertia, random interference and nonlinear. In addition it is verified in the VAV air conditioning test platform, and achieves the expected control effect.

Jing-liang Wei, Shu-jiang Li, Xiang-dong Wang, Ming Guo

Research of CRM/ERP Integrated Systems for New Materials SMEs with Scattered Customers

Customer relationship management (CRM) is inseparable from enterprise development, customizable CRM software of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) has become a trend for the problems in scale and standardization, especially for these SMEs in sophisticated technology. In the paper, a CRM and ERP integration system is proposed by the application in a new material company. Because of the combination with the competition in the market and the company’s operation situation, the personalized enterprise workflow is presented by special needs in this company. Moreover, the methods of modular design and the functionality integration theory of CRM and ERP are made the system user friendly and scientifically. By the integration of these modules, the system has met the business needs in the special processes in relevant department.

Kai Yang, Wu Zhao, Jun-song Zhang, Xiao-long Li

Research on Human Factors Engineering of Ming-Style Furniture

Ming-style furniture belongs to Chinese traditional furniture, which refers to the simple and artistic furniture from late Ming dynasty to early Qing dynasty approximately. Ming-style furniture is the elite of Chinese traditional furniture, which is also doing well in human factors engineering, although theoretical research of human beings factors engineering lagged far behind in ancient China, until it was introduced into China. Ming-style furniture has sculptural form and vigorous curve, which is the result of the consideration of human factors engineering. Especially Ming-style chairs express comfort and consideration all over. Based on the study of Ming-style furniture, the practice of human factors engineering in Ming-style furniture is summarized, which is meaningful for the design of Chinese traditional furniture to develop ergonomics.

De-hua Yu

Decision Analysis for Closed-Loop Supply Chains with Manufacturing Cost Disruptions

This paper studies the decisions in closed-loop supply chain with manufacturing cost disruptions. We find that the optimal solutions in stable context are still robust when manufacturing cost disruptions are small. The optimal decisions are revised when manufacturing cost disruptions exceed the thresholds. Moreover, the decision maker in centralized context and manufacturer in decentralized context always prefer to change their decisions with disruptions, while the retailer in decentralized context only prefer to change when the manufacturing cost disruption is negative.

Xiao-hua Han, Hai-yan Wu, Bei Wang

Study on the Transfer and Integration of Production Factors in Industry Transfer

In the process of industry transfer, the aggregation of production factors is not the simple centralization in space, but a process of creative and organic integration. First, the mechanisms of production factors transfer and integration are analyzed. We point out that market mechanisms promote the free flow of production factors and the essence of production factors integration is that it is an integrated process of innovation. Then we study the development path of production factors integration. In accordance with the order of time evolution, the path mainly include three stages, i.e., the primary aggregation of factors, the moderate centralization of organizations, and the high level integration of industrial factors. Based on the above analysis, we present an example of Chery Automobile Company, and the transfer and integration of car industry factors are analyzed. Finally, conclusions are drawn and policy suggestions are given.

Deng-bang Gao, Yun-shu Tang, Nan-ping Feng, Kai-le Zhou

Agglomeration and Specialization of Innovative Industry and Its Productivity Growth—Empirical Study Based on the Aerospace Industry in the Mainland of China

Issues about agglomeration and specialization of innovative industry have attracted more and more attention. This paper, taking the aerospace industry as the subject, with the panel data regression method, and through calculating its industrial agglomeration index, regional specialization index and DEA-Malmquist productivity index, has studied how industrial agglomeration and regional specialization level influence its growth of productivity. The empirical results show that the aerospace manufacturing industry agglomeration and regional specialization level are important factors to promote its productivity growth.

Jin Zhang, Yi-xi Zhu

Applying Interval Linguistic Variables on Project Evaluation of New Product Development

In recent years, the global financial storm causes the enterprises to face challenges more severely. To survive in the markets, the enterprises should provide the new products or services continuously to increase their competitiveness. However, the evaluation process of a new product development (NPD) project may face the uncertainties of technology and market in the future. It means that a NPD project will face the higher investment risk. To reduce development costs and risks, an effective evaluation model of the NPD project has become more important issue for enterprises. In this paper, a systematic evaluation model of new product development project is proposed by combining interval 2-tuple linguistic variables with multiple criteria decision making (MCDM). And then, a numerical example is implemented to illustrate the computation process of proposed model. Finally, the conclusion is provided at the end of this paper.

Chen-tung Chen, P. C. Fu, W. Z. Hung

Decision Analysis/Decision Support System

Frontmatter

The Equipment Maintenance Mode Allocated D-Logical Decision Model and Its Economic Tradeoff Strategies

This paper outlines some of the basic methods and strategies on maintenance mode allocation decision and presents a D-logic decision model based on logical thought to guide the maintenance allocation decisions. Aiming at the problem of maintenance mode economic difference involving in the model, the economic tradeoff strategies is built, which takes average cost per unit time for object, to guide the selection of economy of maintenance modes. By comparing with the traditional logic decision models, the results suggest that the D-logic decision model is more advantages in model complexity, economic guarantee and managerial flexibility.

Hong-gen Chen

Customer Group Dividing for Product Platform

The main purpose of applying fuzzy clustering method to dividing customer group is to divide series or establish serial platform, satisfying customer demand and promoting the robustness of product platform. Aiming at the deficiencies of current customer group dividing method based on fuzzy clustering, in this paper, an improved customer group dividing method based on fuzzy transitive closure dynamic clustering method is presented and a method to find the same result elements is adopted to simplify the calculation process of the transitive closure of a fuzzy similar matrix. And then, based on customer group dividing result, a product platform model based on customer group dividing is established in order to improve products based on platform. Finally, an instance of A electronic company manufacturing speakers is given in order to verify the effectiveness of the method proposed.

Wen-yan Zhao, Su-na Chen, Xiao-fang Xi

Study on the Relationship Between Local Government Behavior and the Differences of Regional Financial Development

Taking eastern, central and western regions as basis for classification, and using relevant data from 1986 to 2010, through the fluctuation of the index of financial revenue and expenditure gap ratio, this article firstly proves China’s local government behavior of financial intervention is the objective existence; then through regression analysis of per capita GDP, which is the quantitative indicators of the local government behavior, and financial interrelation ratio(FIR), which is the indicators of the degree of financial development, this article studies the extent and impact of the three regions’ government intervention; Thereafter, to test the causal relationship between government behavior and regional financial development in the three regions by Granger test; further, by using the impulse response function, the article analyzes the influence of local government behavior on the region’s financial development level. The study found that the formation of China’s regional financial difference is not driven by market factors; government intervention occupies a crucial position in various factors of the formation of regional financial development’s difference.

Hai-bing Wu, Xiao Tang, Yan-qiong Zhou

The Optimal Bidding Strategies Research on Multi-attribute Reverse Auction Mechanism

In this paper, we mainly study the multi-attribute reverse auction mechanism with multiple winners. By the multi-attribute utility theory and the probability theory, we build a multi-attribute procurement model, which is more in line with reality procurement environment, and then prove the supplier’s optimal bidding strategies. Moreover, we compare it with the first scoring model and conclude that, the optimal quality bidding strategies remain constant, while the optimal price bidding strategy increases with the number of the successful bidders.

Xiang-lin Pan, Xu-hua Lv

Research on DEA Model with Undesirable Factors and Shared Factors

In this paper, a new DEA model is presented to solve the problems with undesirable factors and shared factors by linear transformation with parameters based on currently undesirable factors DEA model. Compared to the DEA model with undesirable factors, the new model by this transformation retains the classification invariance.

Cheng-chao Qiu

Study on the Determinants of Financing Structure: Based on the Differences of Ultimate Controlling Rights

Although there are many studies of financing structure, there was no unanimous result that it’s affected by which factors. Most domestic studies ignored an important factor—corporate controlling rights, and often mixed the state-owned and non- state-owned companies. Based on the difference of ultimate controlling rights, the sample of 822 companies listed in Shanghai and Shenzhen Stock Exchanges is divided into state-owned, non-state-owned groups, as well as the overall sample. From the basic characteristics of company, equity characteristics and manager characteristics, we studied the determinants of financing structure in China. The results show that all the factors above affect financing structure at different extents, and there are significant differences on determinant factors of financing structure among different groups, especially between state-owned and non-state-owned samples.

Kun Su, Gui-gui Su, Ji-lin Wang

Research on Benefits Distribution Model of Industry Technology Innovation Strategic Alliance Based on Investment of Resource and Risk Compensation

Benefits distribution of industrial technology innovation strategic alliances is one of the key factors affect its stable operation. This paper first presents a benefits distribution model based on the member’s investment of resources, and then introduces the risk factor to revise the model. Members who share higher risk will get more risk compensation. The purpose of the model is trying to build a more equitable mechanism of benefits distribution. On the basis of the theoretical research, the paper also gives the results of empirical analysis.

Wen Tang

Study on the Evaluation of Growth Capability of High-Tech Enterprises in China’s Regional Innovation System

In the regional innovation system, high-tech enterprises integrate varieties of effective resources through technology innovation, lead and effect other enterprises technologies and economic development, and accelerate the whole system to improve. The growth capability of high-tech enterprise is the main factor to measure the comprehensive strength of regional innovation system as it has become an important indicator to show the development degree of regional innovation system. This article establishes an index system of evaluating the growth capability of high-tech enterprise, and evaluates the growth capability of high-tech enterprises in eight economic areas through osculating value evaluation method, and puts forward some countermeasures to provide policy decision for the future development of Chinese regional innovation system.

Hai-chao Li, Xue-jing Chen

Determinants of Revenue of Personal Income Tax in Vietnam

Revenue of personal income tax has been accounting for a higher and higher proportion in Vietnam’s total tax revenue. The purpose of this article is to combine some different methods to find the causes of this issue. The authors find that the growth rate of this tax depends on economic growth, perfection of tax law, professionalism of the tax authority system and some other factors. In which the increase of GDP/GDP per capita is the most important factor. In addition, the authors also find that the annual average burden of this tax in the applied period of the Ordinance is nearly 2.34 times lower than the applied period of the Law.

Nguyen Huu Cung, Qi-shen Zhou, Hua Liu

The Research of Inter-firm Network Organizations’ Embedded Risk Based on Grounded Theory

Asymmetric information and bounded rationality of individuals, bring the firm network organization a number of risks, influence individual and a good run in the network organization and overall network efficiency improvements. The paper enable people to have in-depth knowing and more comprehensive with the phenomenon of embed risk in firm network organizations, providing members guidance. This study begins with the perspective of network organizations embedded, taking CNRO Science-Technology Development Co. Ltd. as an example to have three research, collecting a certain depth and breadth of the scientific method in accordance with grounded theory, the information of CNRO collected, posted 175 labels given to the concept and tagged 103 referential phenomenon, and construct the 103 expression of the concept of a theme words, and finally, the essay extracted from the 61 areas, namely, the second class keywords. In the course of the study, analysis each decoding the data, the conclusion that the theory rooted in the data extracted from the network organization are four main embedded risk.

Zheng-yin Peng, Tian Cao

Research on Enhancing Long-Term Happiness: Gym Membership and Alcohol

The enhancement of long-term happiness is important at both an individual and societal level. Leisure is an activity that has commonly been associated with both short-term and long-term happiness. Two products that may enable consumers to engage in leisure activities are gym membership and alcohol, both of which are affordable and readily available. This paper explores consumer’s motivations for consumption of both product and the relationship between gym membership, alcohol and consumer happiness. Implications for marketers and social policy makers are discussed.

Yuan Wang, Fan Li

Risk Analysis and Management Mechanism Innovation on Northwest China Urban Minority Floating Population—A Statistic Sample from City of Xi’an

As an unique phenomenon in China’s rapid industrialization and urbanization, agglomeration of minority floating population into the central cities not only brings positive developments but also associates with risks and vulnerabilities. Management innovation is a core aspect of societal risk mitigation. Regarding that Xi’an City takes the representative of typical significance of the China Northwest Minority floating population, the paper presents constant dilemmas of three long-standing management contradictions in the aspects of current urban minority floating population, and attributes them to city risk source derived from the flowing disturbances and deep obstacles for the urban development, security as well as stability of ethnic relations. Details have been provided on the case representation scheme and management mechanism. The proposed operational methods increase the applicability to many real-world settings, where the liquidity risk mitigation depends on more qualitative management innovations.

Ze-zhao Liu, Hui-jia Wang, Juan-li Wang, J. Huang

The Influence of Enterprise Network Capability on Technology Innovation—Moderating Role of Learning Orientation

In this paper, learning orientation as moderating variable is introduced into the study of the relationship between the enterprise network capability and the technology innovation; the sample of enterprise in Guangxi is extracted as the research objects; the influence of enterprise network capability on technology innovation is explored under different levels of learning orientation. The results find that the network capability of enterprise has a significantly positive impact on the technology innovation. Relative to a low level learning orientation, a high one can promote the better influence of enterprise network capability on technology innovation, and plays a more conducive role to technology innovation. The learning orientation plays a positive regulatory role in the relationship between the network capability and the technology innovation.

Xiao-qin Zhu, Lu Ma

Relationship Among New CEO’s Characteristics, TMT Adjustment and Performance—Empirical Study Based on ST Listed Enterprises

Based on Upper Echelons Perspective, this study focuses on key problems from previous researches on CEO succession, to analyze relationship among ST listed enterprises’ new CEO characteristics, TMT adjustment and enterprise performance changes. We choose 108 CEO succession samples from listed enterprises which replaced CEO from 2000 to 2009, then find that new CEO age and education level have significant positive effects on enterprise short-term performance changes. New CEO without working experience as CEO can better improve short-term performance than the CEO with relevant experience. New CEO generated internally can better improve long-term performance than CEO generated externally. TMT adjustment has a significant positive effect on short-term performance changes, but new CEO’s characteristics have no significant effect on TMT adjustment. This study provides a new perspective for researches about transformation strategy of performance declined enterprises, and also provides a basis for Chinese enterprises to select and replace CEO.

Wei-ning Li, Yi-ning Zhang

Research on Collaborative Management Mode of Engineering Cost Based on BIM Technology in Construction Stage

This paper discusses the relationship of engineering cost, collaborative management mode and BIM technology: Engineering cost management needs to be promoted by collaborative management mode, collaborative management requires BIM technology as a service platform, and BIM technology has been in service for engineering cost, so the three are regarded as complementary relationship. Analyze the engineering cost management in construction stage, and find that it only actualizes the value of engineering cost, and does not add the value of management. Therefore, the paper proposes to establish the mode of engineering cost collaborative management based on BIM technology in construction stage. The new management mode defines the roles of project participants and their functions, requires project manager to establish the mechanisms of collaborative management to mobilize all participants to actualize value-added management. And analyze that the management mode can achieve four targets.

Jin-feng Zhang, Dong-mei Feng

A Study of Value-Based Consumer Behavior Under E-Business Environment

This research studies the consuming process under the E-business environment using qualitative and quantitative methodologies. In this study, the qualitative analysis is based on consumer value theory. After the consumer consumption way and purchase decision process having been analyzed, the paper builds up a theoretical model of consumer behavior decision in the process of consuming. In the electronic commerce environment, consumer behavior decision still can be divided into three stages, including pre-purchasing, purchasing and post-purchasing. This paper respectively discusses the key influential factors affecting consumer in every stage. On the foundation of qualitative analysis, the consumer value is analyzed with quantities methodology, which gives the key influential variable of consumer behavior mathematical definition, builds up the model of value-based consumer behavior, and finally gives the procedure of solving the model. This model focuses on consumer behavior under the influence of product price, quality, information, time, etc. To verify this model, simulation method is advised to be used in further studies.

Shuang Xiao, Jiang Tian

The Comparative Study of Innovations Among Regions in China, the United States and Japan

This paper measured the innovation level among regions of China, the United State and Japan and made comparative research between regions of different countries. A cluster and Factor analysis method was used in dealing with the data set. The content and conclusion of the paper are as follow: Firstly, this paper made comparative research of innovation level among regions. We have gotten the conclusion that the inequity of innovation exists in all these three counties. There are still obvious differences between developing countries and developed countries. We can also find the differences between countries with broad regions and countries with small regions.

Xiao-hua Ding, Xiang-dong Chen

Research of the Informed Trading Probability Monthly Effect in Chinese Stock Market

Basing on the return rate monthly Effect, the informed trading probability was combined with return rate for research in sight of market structure, and percentage monthly risk-adjusted return using Fama and French three-factor model, regressing the multi-factor on two-stage. PIN of September is the lowest in the year, showing negative relationship with percentage monthly return, the result is different with empirical results in foreign market. Impact factors for PIN monthly effect are analyzed including size of company, liquidity risk.

Jia-yi Li, Zhen-ming Fang

An Empirical Research on the Influence of Information Synergy on Nuclear Power Affiliated Enterprise’s Innovation Performance

Through studying on the related articles about Information Synergy and Nuclear power affiliated Enterprise Innovation Performance, this paper proposes a conceptual model which can explain the relationship between Information Synergy and Nuclear power affiliated Enterprise Innovation Performance. We acquire sample data by distributing questionnaires by means of e-mails, by conducting interviews or using other means. And using SPSS 16.0, it examines the affecting degree empirically of different dimensions of Information Synergy (Information Quality, Information Acquisition) on Nuclear power affiliated Enterprise Innovation Performance. And it is concluded that Information Quality has more significant influences on Enterprise Innovation Performance than Information Acquisition. Thus, this paper provides a theoretical basis for Nuclear power affiliated enterprises to promote the innovation performance.

Yu-qiong Li, Dong-mei Zhao, Kai Chen

Study on Methods of Optimizing Information Resource Management Based on Knowledge Service Capability

Starting from the present development status of information resource management in a knowledge service institution (KSI), information resource management (IRM) is studied in this paper based on the improvement of knowledge service capability. First, the related concepts of IRM based on knowledge service capability (KSC) are put forward, and then the management elements, management modes of IRM and optimization of management configuration are studied. On this basis, the management elements are collated and the key factors are extracted and optimized to enhance the service effectiveness of KSI.

Ye Zhao, Fan Yang

Research on Financial Statements System Based on Enterprise Resource

Financial statement is an important carrier to transmit accounting information to external users. With the development of social economy and the variation of users’ demand, financial statements system should be improved and perfected. As the current Chinese financial statement system which based on enterprise assets has its limitations, this paper puts forward ideas about financial statement system based on enterprise resource according to the Resource Theory, and suggests statement which reflects corporation’s competence, resource value and comprehensive income should be added to the current financial statement system. The financial statement system, based on enterprise resource, consists of balance sheet, income statement, cash flow statement, resources equity statement, comprehensive income statement, statement of goodwill index and the changes of its value. And the elements of basic statements and extensible statements should take different confirmation and measure methods.

Yu-ju Li, Rong Li

Evaluation of Financial Performance on Oil Industry Central Enterprises Based on Principal Component Factor Analysis

The three major oil central enterprises of China are elected in FORTUNE 500. Their rankings are respectively 5th, 6th and 101st in 2012. However, ranking in FORTUNE 500 is based on only one indicator, which is operating income. Although the three companies have their Annual Financial Reports, we can’t compare their financial performance. Therefore, we constructed a set of financial performance evaluation index system, and evaluate their financial performance with the method of principal component factor analysis.

Yan-fang Gao, Ai-ping Gao, Ning Shi

Simulation and Comparison of Equipment Maintenance Strategies—A Blast Furnace Belt Conveyor Example

In recent years, a number of industrial accidents took place in turns, resulting in enormous economic loss, personnel lives loss, and environmental disasters. Industrial accidents arise mostly from equipment failures. Traditional time-based maintenance appears have reached its limit to prevent more accidents. New strategies turn to condition-based maintenance (CBM), which continuously monitors equipment so that failures can be detected just in time. The new strategies can be expensive and difficult to implement in current equipment. Under increasing cost pressure, enterprise has difficulties to evaluate the effectiveness of the strategies. This paper presents a reliability simulation to evaluate and compare different maintenance strategies, from both cost and productivity perspectives. A blast furnace belt conveyor is used as a demonstration example. In addition, experiment design and multiple comparison procedures are used to give statistical analysis. It is expected this research can help industries evaluate and select an appropriate maintenance strategy to further reduce future equipment failures and associated losses.

Ming-jian Yuan, C. Y. Chen, K. C. Yao, J. Y. Jheng

Starbucks Service Quality Provided by Decision-Making Trial and Evaluation Laboratory Explored Customers’ Perception

Consumers’ requirement is not only merchandise but happy purchase experiences. An individual experiences an emotion connected to merchandise, service, brand, commercial, human, or idea via interaction and memorable experiences which is experiential marketing contrast to traditional marketing. Experiential marketing designed for technology age emphasizes the fantasies, fun, entertainment, fashion and excitement of buyers with whole purchasing process. Starbucks sold its attractive atmosphere, the interior detail, the third space and quaint fashion such as its blackboard menus, jazz music, and counter designs- all perceived as part of the art, aesthetics, and humanities to its customers in its coffeehouse. However, customers’ evaluation of service quality provided is often a multiple criteria decision-making problem. This research applies Schmitt’s experiential marketing framework by decision-making trail and evaluation laboratory method to understand what Starbucks affectionate appeals or touchy-feely, is visceral to sell an experience that connects with consumers’ psyche and life-style from mental context perspective. Meanwhile, this study delineates the causal relations among these service factors in the model using decision making trial and evaluation laboratory mathematical model and determines their effects on each other. Some suggestions and strategies will be provided the interrelations among those experiential factors.

Kuang-Tai Liu, Rong-Zhen Huang

Music Platform Competition and Advertising Strategy in the Duopoly Music Industry

Information technologies “weed out” the old and bring forth new industries, such as the Otaku Economy Markets and Knowledge Sharing Platforms, and influence traditional industries, especially digitization products. Digital industries also encounter several challenges (e.g., piracy and virtual channels) because of the popularization of the Internet. Hence, we used a game theory approach to compare two competing music platforms with and without paid services. We show that the paid music platform does not earn excess profits, and the relationship between socially optimal advertising and basic utility of virtual digital products are parabolically related.

Yi-Shin Lin, Yu-Shing Chang

A Study of Efficiency Valuation in Bank Industry – Evidence from Taiwan

This study adopt fixed assets, SG&A (selling, general and administrative expenses) and interest expenses as input factors, use the amounts of loans and revenues as output factors, and employ Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) to evaluate the efficiency performance and relative efficiency of commercial banks according to Farrell’s efficiency evaluation theory. We group all sample commercial banks into three categories, namely “Old Commercial Banks”, “New Commercial Banks” and “Commercial Banks Upgraded from Credit Cooperatives” and evaluate the efficiency of commercial banks, including overall efficiency, overall technical efficiency, pure technical efficiency, scale efficiency, and allocation efficiency. The empirical results find that the “Old Commercial Banks” possess highest efficiency value than the other two groups. Besides, the “Old Commercial Banks” also have the highest overall technical efficiency, pure technical efficiency and allocative efficiency. It implies that the “Old Commercial Banks” is doing well in competing with the new entrants, which makes them keep better efficiency than both the “New Commercial Banks” and the “Commercial Banks Upgraded from Credit Cooperatives”.

Iuan-yuan Liu, Wen-hua Shen, Wei-wen Hsiao

Probabilistic Evaluation of a Business Process Performance

This paper proposes a probabilistic method to evaluation the performance of a business process in a company. A business process (e.g., order fulfillment process, commodity distribution process, etc.) comprises a network of value-added activities, performed by their relevant roles, to achieve the common business goal. A variety of methods are used to manage or improve process. Besides these advances, this paper proposes an innovative evaluation method of business process performance in terms of a simple Bayesian indicator. A numerical example is used to explain the proposed method.

Shin-Guang Chen

A Study of Risk and Performance Evaluation in Taiwanese Semiconductor Industry

This study discusses the relationship between risk and performance of the sampling of 12 Taiwanese semiconductor companies during the period of financial crisis. The purpose of this study is to survey the risk response capabilities of upstream and downstream of Taiwanese semiconductor firms. The methods of data envelopment analysis (DEA) and Malmquist index are applied to analyze the industry operating efficiency. From the viewpoint of efficiency, this study contributes to the company operation performance assessment before and after the period of financial crisis.

Jau-shin Hon, Hui-ling Lin, Ling-ya Su

Water Flow-Like Optimization Algorithm for Multi-objective Continuous Optimization Problem

This paper presents a WFA for Multi-objective Continuous Optimization Problems. Namely WFA4MC. In order to prove WFA4MC performances precisely, this research proposes Correctness and Coverness to measure non-dominated solutions in ZDT functions. Besides, the Generational Distance is used in the comparison with other heuristic algorithms. The result showed that based on the same limit of the number of objective function calls, the WFA4MC outperform than others.

Feng-Cheng Yang, Bryan Ni

Lean Manufacturing

Frontmatter

Current Research Situation and Development Overview of Product Innovation Based on Lean Six Sigma

This review has carried out selective analysis of innovation theories and practice achievements based on 6σ approach and summarized the basic theories on product innovation by means of 6σ approach, innovative practice through combination of 6σ with entity enterprises, 6σ and TRIZ as well as 6σ innovation model and application. The paper has proposed three further research directions, i.e. continual and thorough application of 6σ management to improve product quality, further strengthening of the research of 6σ in process innovation, and deep expansion of application of 6σ management by domestic enterprises to guide innovative practice.

Xin Guo, Wu Zhao, Chen Wang

Value Stream Mapping Application in Service-Oriented Manufacturing Company A

This paper mainly introduces value stream mapping (VSM) methodology of lean production, which focuses on the whole process and according to the analysis can eliminate no-value adding parts. In addition, it studies the application of VSM during implementing lean production, which proves the effectiveness and efficiency of the tool in lean production.

Yan Zhao, Rui Miao, Min Ge, Jie-yun Zhang, Xiao-xu Deng

The Relationship of Team Efficacy, Team Learning Behavior and Team Performance

Teamwork plays more and more important roles in organization performance nowadays. Many research articles prove that team efficacy leads to team performance. This paper aims to explore whether team learning can mediate team efficacy and team performance.

Ming-fei Li, Ting Li

ISM-Based Analysis of Influencing Factors and Countermeasures of Construction Safety

Through the systematic analysis of causing factors of the construction safety accidents, the relationship among 12 causing factors was confirmed. By using ISM theory, the hierarchical ISM model was constructed, which assort all causing factors of construction safety accidents into three hierarchies. The direct reasons are construction workers’ safety awareness and safety equipment and facilities. The indirect reasons are machinery and equipment maintenance and improvement, labor intensity, inputs of security cost, and construction schedule. The root reasons are construction safety laws and regulations, and quality of managements. According to the search results, root reasons are vital influencing factors, which are in-depth and fundamental. Besides, construction safety accidents analysis proved the applicability of the ISM model.

Zhui Dong, Heng-ying Li, Hai-qing Yin

Identify Unsafe Behavior Proneness Coal Miner: A Fuzzy Analogy Preferred Ratio Method

Coal miners who are prone to accident tend to be more likely to violate coal mining regulations than the average ones do, so the safety supervisors need to pay more attention to making them under control in the process of coal mining. However, it is difficult to for the safety supervisor to accurately find who has unsafe behavior propensity in practice. To resolve the above questions, fuzzy analogy preferred ratio method is used, in this paper, to identify coal miners who have a tendency to take unsafe actions in the coal mining activity. The method involves two key steps: find similarity factors of different miners; and rank miner by the similarity. Results reached in this paper show that the method is an effective tool to find coal miners prone to taking unsafe actions, which can also facilitate the supervisor to find coal miners who are accident-proneness, and make them under stricter control.

Zheng-quan Xu, Hua-qing Wang

Logistics Engineering and Supply Chain Management

Frontmatter

Multi-echelon Inventory Control Model and Algorithm in Coal Supply Chain

The inventory control in coal supply chain is an important guarantee for reducing the total inventory costs and running sustainably. This article firstly introduced the multi-echelon inventory control theory into coal supply chain, and established a mathematical model, which was the distributed two echelon inventory control model in coal supply chain, taking total inventory costs minimum in a certain customer service level as the goal. Then genetic algorithm was presented to solve the optimal reorder point, order batches and allocating batches of the regional distribution centers and storage and distribution bases. Finally, concrete examples were calculated separately by the distributed two echelon inventory control strategy in supply chain based on information coordinating center and traditional coal inventory control strategy. The comparing results indicated the effectiveness of the distributed two echelon inventory model and algorithm in coal supply chain based on cost optimization.

Kai Kang, Jing Zhang, Lu Ji, Cui-juan Shang

Design of the Quality Management System for Manufacturing Workshop Based on the Internet of Things

The data collecting of the existing quality management systems (QMS) is generally not real-time, unintelligent and insufficient for quality analysis. A QMS based on the technology of Internet of Things (IOT) is proposed to make up for the drawbacks. We construct a wireless communication network using ZigBee technology for quality information transmission. The devices such as cc2530 chips are used to design the system hardware and .net platform is adopted in the software design. The QMS in this paper is more efficient and reliable, compared with the traditional system.

Qian-hong Yu, Hai-ping Zhu, Hong-cheng Yu, Yun-jie Feng

Modeling and Analysis of the Manufacturer Model of Closed-Loop Supply Chain

This paper studies uncertain demand by a supplier and manufacturer two echelon closed-loop supply chain system model setting up and solving the problem, gets the manufacturers to control the transfer function of the z-domain expression and manufacturer System Model solving analysis. Sensitivity analysis of the model parameters, and comes to different parameters of the closed-loop supply chain model.

Le Ma, Yi Chai, Rong-rong Zhu

The Investigation of Standardized Routing Design of Project Logistics Based on the Process Screening Method

In order to ensure the safety during the transportation of large-scale equipments and improve transportation method of large-scale equipments based on the experience, and analyze the influence of safety with the factors of human, technology and risk, and improve the predictive ability of risk and the safety coefficient of transportation, CAE technology is applied in large scale equipment transport logistics process in this research. By taking the rolling transportation of the shipping machine for instance, safety analysis and logistics scheme optimization is carried out, and an engineering project logistics standardization routing implementation plan based on the process of screening method is presented to improve the project logistics standard and the safety of the transportation.

Jing Lv, Bin Lin, Meng-lai Zhu, Da-liang Chen

Research on IOT-Based Material Delivery System of the Mixed-Model Assembly Workshop

Taking a mixed-model assembly workshop as the research object, this paper proposes a material distribution method based on Internet of Things (IOT). Firstly, the material information of each assembly station is monitored in real time by using the IOT technology. Then, a model for the real-time material distribution in mixed-model assembly workshop is built. Aiming at the optimization of the vehicle routing problem, an improved genetic algorithm is designed to solve this model. Finally, the IOT-based material distribution system of mixed-model assembly workshop is developed on the basis of the previous researches.

Yun-long Wan, Hai-ping Zhu, Yan-ping Mu, Hong-chen Yu

The Self-Organized Criticality of Customer System

The purpose of this paper is to explore the evolution law of crowd behavior of customers under the effect of Word-of-Mouth (WOM) by theoretical analysis on the nature of customer system and the effect of WOM. The integration of customers of a business unit is defined as customer system with the individual customer as sub-unit and the nature of the system is discussed. Then, the two dimensional cellular automation (CA) model is built and five experiment schemes are designed to simulate the aggregate crowd behavior of the customer group. The results generated from the research were quantitatively analyzed based on the concept of Self-Organized Criticality (SOC).

Xiao-guang Luo

Research on CRM System of Manufacture Techno-service Enterprise

This article discusses the manufacturing technology services companies in its customer relationship management needs and characteristics of a technology-based market value of three-dimensional model of customer value theory, put forward a multi-project, multi-target project management process and achieve the development of a CRM System, use of customer value segments of customers, maximize the profit increase customer life cycle, the effective management of the project process, to achieve internal and external knowledge sharing.

Ru-hong Ma, Xiao-hui Dong, Da-zhi Jiang

An Empirical Research on the Effects of Ingredient Brand Equity on Consumer’s Brand Evaluation

More and more enterprises adopt the ingredient brand combination strategy; they hope with the help of the good image of ingredient brand to enhance their brand value. In this paper, through empirical study I found that ingredient brand equity does influence the level of consumers’ evaluation of the main brand; through further analysis, I believe that when consumers think over the component brand equity, they will be affected by their own product knowledge and involvement on the subject.

Yan-qun Zheng, Meng-ju Shi

Green Supply Chain Coordination – A Game Theoretic Approach

This paper considers the problem of coordinating price, remanufacturing, and configuration decisions in a green supply chain with one manufacturer and multiple suppliers. The manufacturer purchases optional components of certain functionality from his alternative suppliers to produce a set of products to meet the requirements of different markets. Suppliers can procure a quantity of used components, and then remanufacture them or order new materials from external suppliers to serve as inputs of the components. The authors model this problem as a Stackelberg game in which the manufacturer, as a leader, is aware of the optimal decision reactions of his suppliers and can consider these reactions to maximize his own profit. The analytical method and genetic algorithm are utilized to determine the equilibrium of the game. Finally, a numerical example is presented to understand the influence of different parameters on the decisions and profits of the supply chain and its members.

Yun Huang, Kuifun Ip

Innovative Diffusion in Stochastic Lotka-Volerra System

This paper investigates the reason why some green innovations are more apt to failure, even that they do possess obvious advantages and strong government support initially. The coopetition diffusion model establishes views of external benefits. The coopetition between manufacturers and remanufacturers, with a market demand fluctuation, is described in this model through a stochastic differential game of a Lotka-Volerra system. We highlight the successfulness factors from literature and characterize product natures and customer segmentation in terms of green innovation. We further postulate that diffusion will not sustain if necessary factors do not interact at the right accordance, that is, product nature, product launch strategy and timing have to be aligned well. Furthermore, we conclude that certain launching conditions and distribution fragmentation have to be met for various categories of green innovations and its competitive alternatives. For decision makers of a green product firm, we offer a concrete suggestion for the product launching strategy given observation on market competition, consumer acceptance and government support. Compared to previous studies that focus on competition analysis, this study considers diffusion of green innovation. We successfully link the product distribution dynamics to green innovations in a NPI process, which is otherwise difficult to be observed in other research.

Yenming J. Chen

Scenario Planning and Implementing of a Dairy Cattle UHF RFID Management System

Since Chinese Taipei joined the World Trade Organization (WTO) membership in year 2001, the global economy and trading activities have become more competitive in Taiwan, while the food safety and supply chain management have also developed into important management issues in the world. Therefore, with the intention of developing its cattle industry, the Taiwanese government has invested considerably in Information and Communication Technology (ICT) to enhance farm management efficiency and support the internal growth of its Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) industry. Recently, RFID has been attracted widespread hope, hype and optimism, and hailed in the mainstream media as a revolutionary technology. This case study introduces a cattle management pilot project using Ultra-high frequency (UHF) RFID technology to assist farmer’s cattle management and identification, and enhance process and efficiency in the milking rooms. The deployment experiences and solutions can be utilized as a reference for further study and the cattle management automation industry.

Yu-Shing Chang, Y. S. Lin, N. C. Wu, C. H. Shih, C. H. Cheng

An Application of ANP in the Selection of Supplier in Fishing Tackle Manufacturing Company

Supplier selection of the fishing tackle manufacturing company is an important problem in Quanzhou, China, and the qualities of suppliers are uneven.

The objective of this paper is to choose the best supplier by evaluating quality, financial and location of buyer-supplier.

Analytic network process (ANP) is adopted to do the supplier selection. ANP incorporates the relationship of interdependence and feedback in the multilevel decision network and it provides a way to input judgments and measurements to derive ratio scale priorities for the distribution of influence among the factors and groups of factors in the decision. A ranking of the buyer-supplier weighted index is attained, and the results should provide opinion to select the most suitable for relationship between the manufacturer and its supplier. Based on supplier selection weighted index, the best supplier has been determined, and found that quality is the most important in rank of supplier’s evaluation criteria. The result showed supplier B is the chosen one, since it can improve the manufacturer’s quality, raw material, equipment status, and function of product. As the matter a fact, supplier B cannot only provide good quality but also provide on-time delivery, even though its location is the farthest one.

Po-Ya Tang, Jen-Der Day

Operations Research

Frontmatter

A Hybrid Heuristic for Multi-shop Car Sequencing Problem with a Buffer

Considering the paint shop and assembly shop of car manufacturing as a whole, a two-phase method is proposed to solve the multi-objective car sequencing problem which consists of both shops with a buffer. Firstly, we minimize the objective in the paint shop and pre-optimize the objective of the assembly shop based on a multi-objective evolutionary algorithm, local search and crossover operator based greedy approach are designed for either objective. Secondly, the buffer adjusts the car sequence again by mixed heuristic. Simulation experiments are performed and the results show the effectiveness of the method.

Yong-yi Wu, Hai-ping zhu

(τ, L) Maintenance Policy of Cold-Standby System Under Reliability Constraints

In the view of maintenance plan, the work cycle is divided into two periods, namely normal maintenance period and idle period. During the normal maintenance period, the using unit isn’t maintained or replaced until it fails or PM time arrives. If the acting unit work time come idle period from normal maintenance period, the reliability requirement of acting unit is reduced. Acting unit work until it fails or its maximum permitted life arrives, then it is idle until overhaul time arrive. A numerical sample is illustrated and its process of work cycle is simulated by Monte Carle Simulation. It is concluded that the two stages maintenance policy in work cycle cuts down the maintenance times at the same time assures reliability level.

Zhi-yong Hu, Li-yang Xie, Xiang-wei Kong

Shifts from Collectivism to Individualism in Multinational Organization Context (in Mainland China)

While elaborating a certain HR activity in a foreign MNC subsidiary, we should take into an account the fact whether a person or a team is individualistic or collectivistic.

Individualism (IND) – Collectivism (COL) is an important dyad to study because individualists and collectivists have different preferences for the way of working, the reward system, and the ways of solving the conflict. But analyzing the dimension of IND-COL, it is important to take into account possible shifts from COL toward IND because cultural values are assumed to develop over time after repeated exposure to multiple facets of culture.

The aim of this paper is to explain how shifts from COL to IND are reflected in Multinational Organization Context in Mainland China as well as how shifts from COL to IND are reflected in values and attitudes of Chinese working for foreign companies.

Ming-fei Li, Aliaksandr Palavinchykau

Research on the Unbalanced Development of the Tourism Industry in Qinhuangdao

This paper selects “benchmarking city” for Qinhuangdao from the six major coastal cities in Bohai Rim, based on the analysis of the spatial concentration of tourist flow. Then the comparison of the internal overall condition of the tourism industry of the two cities and analysis of the grey correlation between the internal factors and the tourism income are conducted. The result presents that the gap between Qinhuangdao and the “benchmarking city” is obvious, including infrastructures, tourism products, human resource and urban popularity. This paper puts forward unbalanced development approaches for Qinhuangdao in the fierce competition in Bohai Rim.

Gang-min Weng, Li-li Jia

Optimization on Earned Value Method Combined with Critical Path

When calculating the schedule performance using the traditional earned value method, the earned value in the critical path and in the noncritical path is not differentiated. It cannot evaluate the progress of project objectively. In this paper, the schedule performance indicators are optimized through introducing the weight value, and schedule performance on the critical path is analyzed. The critical path issues in the evaluation of the progress of the project are solved, which will provide a basic point of reference for schedule measurement of project.

Qi-bin Zheng, Xing Bi

Analysis the Western Colleges and Universities of Science and Technology Innovation Team Building Under the Shared Leadership Theory Horizon

With the advent of knowledge economy, innovation is becoming more and more important, also more and more complicated. Gather the collective wisdom of science and technology innovation team to support and lead economic society, which plays a more and more important role for sustainable development. Then, how to build the science and technology innovation team and make it playing itself maximum energy, which becomes a currently problem for solved. In this paper, introducing the latest theory of leadership – the shared leadership model, through sum up the definition and contents of the shared leadership, explore the new ways of scientific and technological innovation team building.

Xiao-qin Zhu, Zhao-hui Du

An Innovative Methodology of Systematic Strategy: Key Success Paths Approach

Highly developed technology and a highly competitive global market highlight the important role of operation strategy in sustaining competitive advantage for survival. This paper explores and constructs the methodology of key success paths (KSPs) approach to provide the strong explanatory power relationships among all of key success factors (KSFs) with multiple performance levels and their specific successful outcomes. Success or failure paths explored through KSPs approach are important guidelines for operation strategy to achieve specific well-performed outcomes. The findings of the paper are: (1) more than one path may achieve to success or failure outcomes. (2) Key success/failure paths will lead the ways to promote the efficiencies. (3) The company may select proper key success path to combine multiple performance levels of KSFs which bases on its competitive advantages. Threefold contributions in this paper are: (1) constructs the KSP Approach to explore the relationships among KSFs and specific outcomes of strategic management; (2) identifies KSPs that help ensure the success of strategy management; (3) provide transformation mechanism for KFPs so as to transform into KSPs.

M. F. Wu, F. T. Cheng, P. L. Chang

Production Planning and Control

Frontmatter

Modeling and Multiobjective Optimization for Energy-Aware Hybrid Flow Shop Scheduling

In this paper, a multiobjective scheduling problem for energy-aware Hybrid Flow Shop (HFS) is studied, in which minimal makespan and energy consumption are set as the objectives. The energy consumption model of HFS is established, in which the energy consumption is categorized into five parts as Processing Energy (PE), Adjusting Energy (AE), Transport Energy (TE), Waiting Energy (WE) and Routine Energy (RE). Genetic Algorithm (GA) and Non-dominated Sorting Genetic Algorithm (NSGA-2) are applied to obtain optimal schedules. Simulation results demonstrate that the proposed method is effective in supporting energy efficiency management in HSF.

Ji-hong Yan, Fen-yang Zhang, Xin Li, Zi-mo Wang, Wei Wang

Optimizing Six Sigma Processes to Satisfy Customers by TRIZ Innovation Methodology

Product value attracts customers, product quality earns respect, and innovation makes your product distinct in the competition, charms the competitor’s clientele, as well as maintain your own customer loyalty. The successful implementation of these three elements guarantees a bright future. Six Sigma is a structured quality improvement methodology that is based on data. Although it is great, there are also some bottlenecks during the performance of DMAIC. TRIZ is an inventive methodology that can make people more inventive and creative. By integrating the ideas of TRIZ into Six Sigma, the product can achieve a better quality, so that the company can survive in the highly competitive market. This paper firstly reviews TRIZ from the perspective of product/process creativity, innovation, and the traditional Six Sigma methodology – DMAIC, and then analyzes the necessity of integrating TRIZ into Six Sigma. Finally we sum up with how TRIZ is integrated into Six Sigma, and what can be achieved in this integrated process.

Xin-jun Zhao, Ying Zhao

Data Mining Based Approach for Jobshop Scheduling

In manufacturing system, there usually have been some unpredictable dynamic events, which would make the production scheme invalid. Therefore, it’s necessary to inject some new vitality to traditional scheduling algorithms. To harness the power of complex real-world data in manufacturing processes, a jobshop scheduling algorithm basing on data mining technique is presented. This approach is explored in view of seeking knowledge that is assumed to be embedded in the historical production database. Under the proposed scheduling system framework, C4.5 program is used as a data mining algorithm for the induction of rule-set. A rule-based scheduling algorithm is elaborated on the basis of the elaborated data mining solutions. The objective is to explore the patterns in data generated by conventional intellectualized scheduling algorithm and hence to obtain a rule-set capable of approximating the efficient solutions in a dynamic job shop scheduling environment. Simulation results indicate the superiority of the suggested approach.

Yan-hong Wang, Ye-hong Zhang, Yi-hao Yu, Cong-yi Zhang

The Multilevel and Multiskill Labor Staffing and Scheduling Model for Data Entry Companies

Data entry, one of the basic businesses in service outsourcing, depends much on human resources. The companies need to reasonably choose and arrange staffs in order to deliver data production in time. In consideration of production process and staff skill, a two-step multilevel multiskill labor staffing and scheduling model was built. The results of the proposed model with the data from the company ICP indicated the availability of the model, which can improve the vendors’ capability and the significance of promoting development of the service outsourcing industry in China.

Zheng Tan, Feng Wu, Zheng-xiang Zhang

A Study for Correlate Impact of Risks in Large-Scale Equipment Tests Based on Structural Equation Modeling (SEM)

The hi-tech feature of large-scale equipment leads to the high probability and great impact of risks during equipment tests. In practical risk management, the risk events are usually dealt with as independent events. However, the risk events of different types are very likely to have correlate impacts, which will change the whole picture of risks in the test. In this article, the author introduces the concept of Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) to construct the correlate impact model of different types of risk events, and quantify the degree of influence of different types of risks by way of parameter estimation, so as to provide the basis for decision-making in risk response programs.

Chen Li, Fa-jie Wei

Research on Construction Risk of Real Estate Based on Factorial Analysis

Real estate is the leading industry in China’s national economic system, but this industry is facing a lot of risk, especially during the construction stage. It is a key monitoring object of the relevant units because of its large investment and long period. This thesis identifies and evaluates the non-systematic risk during the estate construction phase based on the factor analysis, then finds the key risk factors and how great they can influent the object, finally gives the comprehensive risk value of construction stage and provides certain reference to relevant units for risk management.

Wen-jie Hu, Xing Bi

Risk Assessment of Financial Lease for Medical Equipment Based on Neutral Network

According to relevant principle, the article builds the risk assessment-indicator system of financial lease for medical equipment, and give weight to the index with help of professors, differentiate varies of risk level with boundary value. Furthermore, the article constructs BP neutral network model to evaluate the risk of financial lease for medical equipment, and testifies the model with data acquired from enterprises in industry of financial lease for medical equipment.

Xing Bi, Wei-feng Yin, Xin Dong

The Feasibility of Amended Creditmetrics Model’s Application of Commercial Bank in China

The quantization of credit risk is always an important theme in Chinese financial sector. With the growth of Chinese economy, commercial banks increasingly need modern quantitative methods to manage credit risk. Creditmetrics model is a kind of quantitative methods which is very popular in developed countries. Though the credit rating system in our country is immature and the bonds market lacks mobility, but Chinese commercial banks need scientific quantitative methods to go with the developing of economy. While the amended Creditmetrics model provides a way for Chinese commercial bank to manage credit risk, so the study of application of amended Creditmetrics model in China is of practical significance.

Xing Bi, Feng Xue

System Modeling and Simulation

Frontmatter

System Dynamics Modeling in Coal Mine Safety

In order to study the occurrence mechanism of coal mine accidents in more detail, a simulation model on mine safety system was constructed by Vensim. In the simulation model, the human related, equipment related, environment related and cultural factors in the accidents causing process are analyzed to find the coal mine accident mechanism. With simulation in different scenarios and sensitivity analysis, the variation of causing factors and the influential relations are studied to seek the control approaches and management measures to the accidents of coal mine system.

Xian-gong Li, Xue-feng Song, Xin-chun Li

Study on the factors for Innovation Capability of Equipment Manufacturing Industry Based on Structural Equation Model: Empirical Analysis of Guizhou Province

To enhance the innovation capability of Chinese equipment manufacturing industry and to promote the development of enterprises in the “12th Five-Year” period, based on integration of literature analysis, theoretical studies, spot investigation and questionnaires, this article select five main influencing factors which impact the innovation capability of Chinese equipment manufacturing enterprise, as well as establish a model relating the influencing factors and innovation capability. The Guizhou province was taken as a case to study and the AMOS7.0 software was used to analysis our model. The results indicate that cooperation in research and market are two significant influencing factors that affect the innovation capability of Guizhou’s equipment manufacturing enterprise. This study combines qualitative analysis with quantitative analysis, which improves the deficiencies of existing research and enhances the reliability of conclusion.

Shu-jun Chang, Ting Wang, Hong-liang Hu, Yang Gao

Research on Simulation of the Emergency Information Dissemination Based on Netlogo

This paper analyzes the influencing factors and participation of emergency information dissemination, and constructs a simulation model of emergency information dissemination, including the rules of subjects’ interaction and their attribute functions. It develops the simulation algorithm flowchart and uses ‘7.23EMU Accident’ data as the initial data of simulation. The dynamic simulation process includes the rumor spread and the influence of opinion leaders. The simulation results identify which attributes are the main factors of emergency developments, and provide effective methods to control the emergency development.

Hui-jing Xie, Ying-zi Tan, Ying-qiu Xu

A Research on Strategies for the Sustainable Development of Tourism Service Products Based on the Theory of Service Management—A Case Study in Brocade of Hainan Li Nationality

Based on the theory of Service Management, this paper takes the sustainable development for Ethnic Minorities in China Programme-Li Brocade of United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) as the case to analyze the specialty of Li-Brocade as a tourism service product. Furthermore, the authors obviously present the effective sustainable development strategies and approaches of tourism product and protection according to the characteristics of Brocade of Hainan Li Nationality.

Xiao-huai Wu, Li-juan Zhang

The Application of System Dynamics in Financial Management

The current researches of financial management mainly focus on analysis of rationality of financial management target or the application, advantages and disadvantages of a certain management method in financial management. It is rarely seen that financial operating factors, their interactions and influence on financial operation have been analyzed in a systematic way. In order to avoid partial analysis on the irrationality of a certain policy and the limitation of static analysis of irrational financial structure, this thesis puts forward a financial management method based on system dynamics.

Ying Zhang, Ying-dong Gao, Jie Li

On the China Resource Tax Policies of Exhaustible Resources in the Inter-temporal Dynamic Optimization—Coal Industry as an Example

The optimal application of exhaustible resources is the kernel scientific problem in normative theory, and it is key to dynamic optimization in an intergenerational framework. In this paper, a dynamic optimization mining model, which was developed by introducing the resource tax as a key variable, by making a distinction between the situation of price exogenous (perfect competitive market) and situation of price endogenous (inperfect competitive market), and by contrasting profit-based resource tax, quantity-based resource tax and price-based resource tax, was applied in studying how will the resource tax system arrangement impacts the exploitation path, price path and inter-temporal allocation of the exhaustible resources. Then, policy suggestions were given for the resource tax reform of China’s coal industry.

Zhen-yu Guo, Xiao-ping Wei

Study on Customer Value Driving Model of Network Marketing Environment

The research status of customer value in both foreign and domestic literatures is summarized, and the existing research deficiencies are pointed out. Combining the characteristics of network marketing, the customer deceived value models (theoretical and Amos) of network marketing environment are constructed, and the corresponding model hypotheses are put forward. Based on the spot-investigation, and using SPSS and structural equation model, the empirical research on customer value driving is conducted, which demonstrates the theoretical model is scientific and reasonable. The hypothesis test results of the model are put into in-depth discussion.

Ji-lin Wang

Research on Technological Innovation Efficiency of China’s High-Tech Industry Based on Network SBM Model and DEA Window Analysis

The paper combines network SBM model with DEA window analysis to measure the technological innovation efficiency of China’s high-tech industry during 2000–2011. The research indicates that the overall efficiency of technological innovation of the high-tech industry shows a rising trend in the past 10 years, and the outbreak of the financial crisis has a negative impact on the efficiency of technological innovation in the short term. The efficiency values of technological innovation are still not high, and there is structural imbalance between R&D efficiency and conversion efficiency in the long term. The difference of the conversion efficiency among the industry segments shows trend of convergence, but the difference of R&D efficiency expands after the financial crisis.

Jian-li Chen, Ling-jie Meng

Empirical Test the Province and Industry Differences of Financial Restatement in China

This paper focuses on the industry contagion effect of financial restatement and the factors that impact such effect by statistically analyzing the differences in the financial restatement among regions and industries in China. With the method of building models and panel regression analysis, the industry contagion effect aroused by the financial restatement among regions and industries is tested via building panel threshold regression model, the test results confirms that the industry contagion effect of the financial restatement exists significant differences among regions and industries. Firstly, industry contagion effect of financial restatement of listed companies exist provincial difference in our country. Industry contagion effect of financial restatement of eastern is most significant, and the central slightly take second place, western province is least significant. In the eastern region, in addition to Guangdong and Hubei, the rest provinces are significant, industry contagion effect of the financial restatement of listed companies is especially significant in Beijing, Tianjin, Shanghai, Jiangsu and Fujian. Only Hunan, Hubei, Henan and Anhui four provinces in the central region are more significant, other provinces are not. And industry contagion effect of financial restatement is the least significant in the western area on the whole, only Guangxi, Chongqing, Qinghai three provinces and cities are significant, and industry contagion effect of financial restatement in other western provinces is not obvious. Secondly, industry contagion effect of financial restatement of listed companies exists industry differences in China. Industry contagion effect of financial restatement on capital material is significant more than consumption material industry and other industries.

Bing Zhou, Qian Zhang

Mechanism and Model of Rural Innovation Development System Formation Based on Knowledge Network Embedding

Knowledge has become the main factor for the rural development in era of knowledge economy. The rural innovation system based on Knowledge Network (KN) realizes knowledge flow and knowledge creation between the main elements, and make the rural innovation system innovation capability remained at a high level. In this paper, Based on introduction to KN and rural innovation system as well as their relationship, the mechanism and model of rural innovation system formation based on KN is analyzed, which may contribute to understanding the significance of formation of rural innovation system and KN in the development of rural innovation system.

Jing Tian, Yun Zeng

Research on the Selection of Construction Supplier in the Construction Supply Chain Environment

Guided by supply chain management thinking, the paper discusses the principles that the supplier evaluation index system should follow. Combined with the characteristics of the construction works, a specific index system is established. After the comparison of several evaluation methods, the paper points out that the grey relational analysis is more suitable for selecting construction suppliers. In the last part of the paper, a numerical example is used to illustrate the rationality and feasibility of the method. The content stated in the paper provides scientific basis for construction enterprises to select suppliers.

Wei-yan Xie, Xing Bi

Research on Mode of Commercial Cloud of Tianjin Binhai New Area

This paper commences commercial cloud model research around the ideas of wisdom Binhai construction. Combined with the diversified social needs of the Binhai New Area, the facts of the rapid development of cloud computing technology commercial services evolution, history and commercial services, this article explains the urgency and necessity of the commercial cloud development and uncovers the support points of commercial cloud model development, in order to enhance the wisdom- Binhai economic development and governance strategic advantageous position and decision-making levels.

Da-tong Xu, Jiang Shen, Xiao-qin Liang

Research on Path of the Construction of Ecological City Under Polycentric Governance – Taking Tianjin Eco-city as an Example

With the accelerating process of urbanization, Eco-cities have been coming from concept to practice. The process of construction and management in Eco-city is a Polycentric governance process, which different from traditional city. Tianjin Eco-City has been searching for how to construct and manage under the structure of the Polycentric governance, finding the path of constructing the Eco-city, and providing a reference for other areas.

Ze-min Ji, Meng Shen

Using Simulation Game and Enhancement to Overcome Two Obstacles That Block the Introduction of SDBR to Production Management Society

Since 2001, the Simplified Drum-Buffer-Rope (SDBR) has received considerable attention. Hundreds of successful SDBR cases have achieved highly reliable due date performance (DDP) with short production lead-time (PLT) and minimum WIP. However, two obstacles have remained, blocking the introduction of SDBR to production management society. The first one is from production managers, who have been less than confident that DDP and PLT can be significantly improved by simply changing the way to manage production (SDBR way). The second is from SDBR itself meaning SDBR application makes an assumption – the total touch time is very small comparing to the current production lead time. However, from our study and experiences of implementing SDBR in local companies, we found out there are such environments where the total touch time is relatively large comparing to their production lead time. In this study, a simulation game and enhancement of SDBR were developed and tested to overcome both obstacles.

Chia-Ling Huang, S. Y. Chen, Rong-Kwei Li

Applying NGBM to Avoid Erroneous Grey Prediction

Grey theory is popular for many years. GM(1,1) is the most used model in grey theory. In the model, there are two coefficients

a

and

b

which are determined by lease square method. Base on our research result, the grey development coefficient

a

should not be zero. If it is, the prediction result is totally erroneous. The correct way to solve this problem is to adopt L’Hôpital Rule. In this paper, we also demonstrate how nonlinear grey Bernoulli model could avoid the appearance the singular situation and increase the prediction precision.

Chun-I Chen, Shou-Jen Huang

A Centroid Based Fuzzy Weighted Average for Ranking Alternatives

This paper suggests ranking alternatives through a centroid based fuzzy weighted average (FWA) approach, where ratings of alternatives versus subjective criteria and the importance weights of all criteria are assessed in linguistic values represented by fuzzy numbers. Membership functions of the final fuzzy evaluation values of alternatives can be developed and the centroid ranking method is applied to defuzzify all the final fuzzy evaluation values to complete the model. Formulae of ranking procedure can be clearly developed to make execution of the proposed method more efficient. An example demonstrates feasibility of the proposed method.

Ta-Chung Chu, P. A. H. Nguyen

Forecasting the Output Values of Taiwan Bicycles and Spare Parts with Fourier Modified Grey Model

In this study, the conventional Grey forecasting model GM(1,1) was investigated. And to enhance the accuracy of the forecasting model, the residuals were modified with Fourier series. The Fourier modified models called FGM(1,1) have very low values of mean absolute percentage error (MAPE) of 0.18 % and 2.63 %, respectively to the case of output values of bicycles and spare parts in Taiwan. These models were also tested for their forecasting ability in year 2011 that resulted in MAPE values of 8.45 % and 5.71 % respectively which make the models considered good to do the forecasting for the years 2012–2015.

Lei-Chuan Lin, Shan-Yau Wu, Ying-Fang Huang

Flexible Simulation Model for Multi-style Shoes Manufacturing: A Case Study

Emerging need of shoes manufacturing that is smaller in number but has more variety has encouraged factories to encompass more styles of shoes in one production cycle. A simulation model was built to enable assessment of style addition to a production facility. To do so, the model has to be able to accommodate changes between style numbers. This study proposes a global arrangement for stations, as opposed to station-based simulation profiling, in order to ease switches between style numbers. To further see model’s behavior, the model is tested under small and large number of shoes styles. The result shows that the model can be used with various style numbers. Using the differences obtained through selected parameters, deployment of production with different number of shoes styles can be assessed.

James C. Chen, A. P. Putra, N. Anggono, K. J. Wang, S. W. Lin, C. C. Chen

A Forecasting Model for Short Term Tourist Arrival Based on the Empirical Mode Decomposition and Support Vector Regression

In this study, a hybrid forecasting model based on Empirical Mode Decomposition (EMD) and Least Squares Support Vector Machines (LSSVMs) is proposed to predict tourism demand (i.e. the maximal number of arrivals in a short time interval). The proposed approach first uses EMD decompose the complicated data into a finite set of Intrinsic Mode Functions (IMFs) and a residue, then the IMF components and residue are modeled and forecasted using Least Squares Support Vector Machines, next, the forecasting values are obtained by the sum of these prediction results. In order to evaluate the performance of the proposed approach, the maximal values of tourist arrive in 1 min time interval is used as an illustrative example. Experimental results show that the proposed model outperforms the single LSSVM model without EMD preprocessing.

Jun Wang, Ming-ming Hu, Peng Ge, Pei-yu Ren, Rong Zhao

A Method to Convert Integer Variables of Mixed Integer Programming Problems into Continuous Variables

A mixed integer programming problem, is an optimization problem that includes both integer decision variables and continuous ones. Many engineering and management problems are mixed integer programming problems, most of which are NP-hard and take a long time to approach the optimal solution. Therefore, this paper proposes a method to convert the integer variables of a mixed integer programming problem into continuous variables. Then a mixed integer programming problem becomes an equivalent nonlinear programming problem or linear programming problem. And then, well developed nonlinear programming or linear programming solvers can be employed to efficiently and effectively search for the solution of a mixed integer programming problem. In addition to describing processes for converting integer variables into continuous ones, this paper provides two examples to demonstrate the conversion process and the benefits coming from the conversion methodology in the process of approaching the optimal solutions. Once the mixed integer programming is converted to an equivalent one where the decision variables are continuous, a nonlinear programming problem solver such as a differential evolutionary algorithm, can be used to solve the new equivalent problem. We show the procedure by solving a practical mixed integer programming problem that arises in a typical mechanical design problem. The result shows our solution is better than the ones from other four published mixed integer programming solvers.

Chung-Chien Hong, Yu-Hsin Huang

Simulation-Based Evolution Algorithm for Automated Material Handling System in a Semiconductor Fabrication Plant

The automated material handling system (AMHS) in semiconductor industry plays a vital role in reducing wafer cycle times and enhancing fabrication plant productivity. Vehicle allocation for the AMHS is a challenging task because of the complexity of the manufacturing process and the stochasticity introduced by the inherent variability of processing times. This situation is observed especially in 300 mm wafer fabrication plants where the AMHS comprises both interbay and intrabay systems that perform the timely deliveries. To address this issue, we use the optimal computing budget allocation (OCBA) and extend it by adding genetic algorithm (GA). Under this combined approached, the number of iterations of each alternative is determined by OCBA, and then the optimal solution in the domain of feasible solutions is found through GA. This research provides a useful reference for both scholars and practitioners seeking optimal allocation of lithographical resources and number of iterations using random parameters.

James T. Lin, Chao-Jung Huang

Comparison with Gender and Postures on Neck Muscle Strength

Literatures reviewing showed that the long-term abnormal postures caused operators to be suffered the musculoskeletal disorders. Despite the prevalence and cost of neck problems increased, few studies evaluated availably the physical characteristics associated with neck problems. Thus, the measurement method of neck strength had been developed and anthropometric measurements of neck and head had been conducted. Present study had been examined the effects of gender and postures on neck strength and anthropometric measurements of head and neck. In addition, the relationship of anthropometric measurements of head and neck and neck strength had been evaluated. Database of head and neck characteristics could be provided the basis to evaluate the Work-related Musculoskeletal Disorders of neck area.

Bor-Shong Liu, Tsung-Yen Ho, Wei-Yun Chuang

Improving Green Manufacturing Education in China Universities and Colleges

Green manufacturing is the irresistible development trend of manufacturing industries throughout the world, and green manufacturing education plays an extremely significant part in the process of going green for sustainable manufacturing. In this paper, several typical definitions and meaningful benefits of green manufacturing are firstly introduced, then the situations of green manufacturing education in USA are analyzed for reference to improve the green manufacturing education in Chinese universities and colleges. The indispensable contents of green manufacturing for higher education of Chinese students are summarily presented, involving the related laws and regulations, and some key green manufacturing technologies and methodology such as digital technology, Life Cycle Assessment (LCA), new materials, green energy, near net shape technology, cleaner production, short production processes, automation technology and 6R methodology.

Li Chen, Qing-chun Xiang

Modeling Cost-Effectiveness with Energy Saving for Lighting Device Decisions

The technical improvement plays an important role in the strategy for the progress of lighting equipment. However, although effective lighting equipment has been significantly progressed in the past two decades, most studies are focused on technical achievement without understanding the cost-effectiveness fundamental to promotional scheme. This article evaluates the functional performance between effective vs. non-effective lighting equipment on cost-effectiveness with energy saving and transformed to equipment carbon reduction by fuzzy multiple objective programming model (FMOP). A number of florescent lamps from market to collect data of costs, functions, use of length, and, their relationship for use in energy consumption, and then applied FMOP to analyze cost-effectiveness. Study results not only compare the energy savings in terms of equivalent carbon emission for the cost effectiveness of lighting equipment selection but also identify the applicability of fuzzy theories for the specific florescent lamp cases and therefore use in subsidiary decision makings for the governmental authorities.

Earl-Juei Wang, Yin-Kai Huang

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