Weitere Kapitel dieses Buchs durch Wischen aufrufen
Before there were pharmacy schools, the dispensing of drugs was practiced. Before the existence of journalism schools, there were journalists. New entrants to a profession gained their training in a practice-based format much like the craft guilds, working with a member of the profession. This chapter discusses what motivated the transition from practice-based to university-based training, what was lost by that change, and what was gained that has bearing on the current relationship between the university and its professional schools. One element that was gained was uniformity in scope and depth of training. One element that was lost for many professional schools was the clinical component—the opportunity to do the actual work of the professional under the tutelage of a member of the profession.
Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten
Sie möchten Zugang zu diesem Inhalt erhalten? Dann informieren Sie sich jetzt über unsere Produkte:
Bosk, C. L. (1979). Forgive and remember: Managing medical failure. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
Brewer, D. J., Gates, S. M., & Goldman, C. A. (2002). In pursuit of prestige: Strategy and competition in U.S. higher education. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Books.
Burrage, M. (1993). From practice to school-based professional education: Patterns of conflict and accommodation in England, France, and the United States. In S. Rothblatt & B. Wittrock (Eds.), The European and American university since 1800. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Burrage, M. (2006). Revolution and the making of the contemporary legal profession: England, France, and the United States. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Cornuel, E. (2005). The role of business schools in society. The Journal of Management Development, 24(9), 819–829. CrossRef
Kerr, C. (1991a). The great transformation in higher education 1960–1980. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press.
Kirp, D. L. (2003). Shakespeare, Einstein, and the bottom line: The marketing of higher education. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
National Conference of Bar Examiners. (2014). Bar examination and admission statistics. Accessed February 2, 2016, from http://www.ncbex.org/publications/statistics/
Stewart, C. T., Jr. (2008). The decline of learning in America. New York, NY: Nova Science Publishers, Inc.
Streib, L. (2009). Journalism bust, J-school boom. Accessed July 16, 2015, from http://www.forbes.com/2009/04/06/journalism-media-jobs-business-media-jobs.html
Thelin, J. R. (2011). A history of American higher education (2nd ed.). Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press.
- Professional Schools Displace Practice-Based Training
Edward W. Miles
- Chapter 12
Neuer Inhalt/© Stellmach, Neuer Inhalt/© Maturus, Pluta Logo/© Pluta, digitale Transformation/© Maksym Yemelyanov | Fotolia