AbstractTo study desertification processes relating to soil erosion, a climatological and altitudinal gradient from south to north was selected in Crete (Greece) and four locations were selected along the gradient. At the locations precipitation ranged from 1400 mm/year at the highest location to 400 mm/year at the lowest. All locations are affected by the actual land use: intensive grazing, small controlled fires, and abandoned agricultural terraces. Representative soil profiles were described in the field and analyzed in the laboratory, and rainfall simulation experiments in the field measured soil erosion over different soil surfaces and land uses. Data on physical and chemical properties were obtained from the soil profiles and soil hydrology, and erosion data were obtained from the rainfall simulation experiments. Soil aggregation was studied with samples taken from the soil in the rainfall simulation plots and special attention being paid to the aggregate size distribution and the water-stable microaggregation. The interaction between climatological conditions and land use seems to be the main factor controlling soil erosion. This paper describes how the expected erosion along the gradient (from the most humid to the driest site) can be affected and disturbed by specific processes derived from land use.
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- Properties and Erosional Response of Soils in a Degraded Ecosystem in Crete (Greece)
A. C. Imeson
J. M. Schoorl
I. R. Tiemessen
- Springer Netherlands
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