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12.06.2019 | Review Paper | Ausgabe 10/2019 Open Access

Biodiversity and Conservation 10/2019

Protected area conflicts: a state-of-the-art review and a proposed integrated conceptual framework for reclaiming the role of geography

Zeitschrift:
Biodiversity and Conservation > Ausgabe 10/2019
Autoren:
Marcin Rechciński, Joanna Tusznio, Małgorzata Grodzińska-Jurczak
Wichtige Hinweise
Communicated by Dirk Sven Schmeller.

Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s10531-019-01790-z) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.
This article belongs to the Topical Collection: Biodiversity protection and reserves.

Publisher's Note

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Abstract

Despite the recent paradigmatic shift in conservation science, protected areas (PAs), which are associated with seminal conservation strategies, remain a key tool for achieving biodiversity conservation. Nevertheless, PAs’ effectiveness as conservation measures is undermined by conflicts arising within their socio-ecological systems. Potential reasons for the negative impact of the conflicts include the tendency of researchers to emphasise managerial or behavioural aspects of conservation conflicts, while neglecting to develop theoretical foundations for conflict analysis. We aimed to critically review existing conceptual frameworks applied within the broadly defined field of conservation conflicts and to develop a new more comprehensive framework that better reflects contemporary identified challenges within nature conservation. We particularly proposed and emphasised the integration of a geographical perspective within existing interdisciplinary approaches for the application to PA settings. We systemised and unified conflict-related terminology, assessed the contributions and limitations of existing frameworks and identified critical gaps in the field. These gaps are: inadequate recognition of the spatial aspects of conflict analysis, a lack of consistency between individual-level and community-level frameworks and a lack of systematic linkages among the main structural attributes of conflicts, such as determinants, interests or types of conflicts. We systematically distinguished 26 conflict-related terms, including: conflict frames, images, orientations, factors, categories, issues, potential, or intensity. Our framework covers three major conflict components (determinants, dimensions, levels) and foregrounds the socio-psychological and spatial characteristics of PA conflicts, while enabling systemisation of existing conservation conflict typologies.

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Zusatzmaterial
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 38 kb)
10531_2019_1790_MOESM1_ESM.docx
Supplementary material 2 (DOCX 61 kb)
10531_2019_1790_MOESM2_ESM.docx
Supplementary material 3 (DOCX 99 kb)
10531_2019_1790_MOESM3_ESM.docx
Supplementary material 4 (DOCX 695 kb)
10531_2019_1790_MOESM4_ESM.docx
Literatur
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