Concurrently with the development of protective air enclosures for surgical operating facilities there has been a development in nursing facilities in two main areas in which air cleanliness has been particularly relevant. The first is where the patient has an infectious disease and it is necessary to try to ensure that airborne micro-organisms do not escape from the region around the patient to contaminate other people. This requires what is known as ‘source isolation’ or ‘containment isolation’ and covers the nursing of patients with highly communicable diseases such as pneumonia, infected burns, plague and rabies, enteric diseases, wound infections, skin infections and respiratory infections,  smallpox, diptheria, typhoid, tuberculosis, meningitis, hepatitis, measles, etc.  The degree of risk here is variable and therefore the quality of protective air enclosure relates to the risk.
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- Protective Air Enclosures for Nursing
O.B.E.,B.Sc., F.I.Chem.E., F.I.Mech.E. P. A. F. White
- Macmillan Education UK