This chapter reviews traditional psychological theories of concept acquisition. Almost all of these theories assume that concepts are learned through the repeated occurrence of similar instances. This broad framework will be referred to as repeated similarity—based learning (RSBL). We contrast these psychological theories with the recent work in artificial intelligence on explanation—based learning (EBL) that makes strong use of the learner’s background knowledge. In addition, we report the results from a series of experiments which show that humans carry out EBL of new information when exposed to single instances of material from knowledge—rich domains.
Weitere Kapitel dieses Buchs durch Wischen aufrufen
- Psychological Studies of Explanation—Based Learning
William F. Brewer
- Springer US
- Chapter 8