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This volume addresses different issues related to green innovation procurement as well as exploring the challenges involved in public procurement. It offers a broad array of perspectives, addressing both general, abstract problems of optimal public procurement and concrete cases of national or even local public procurement systems.





The seven essays in this volume address different issues related to green and innovation procurement as well as more general challenges in public procurement. These studies address both general, abstract problems of optimal public procurement and concrete cases of national or even local public procurement systems. The evidence that they present covers a broad spectrum of countries including Italy, Latvia, the Netherlands and several African countries. Reflecting the different expertise of the authors, the studies draw from the Economics, Engineering, Law and Organization approaches to public procurement and use both theoretical and empirical methods.
Francesco Decarolis, Marco Frey

Green Procurement


The Contribution of Green Public Procurement to Energy Efficiency Governance in Buildings

Public authorities will play a crucial role fostering demand for energy efficient buildings through Green Public Procurement (GPP) and contributing to energy efficiency governance at local level. Using an econometric analysis, this study investigates which factors influence the development of GPP practices in the building and construction sector as supporting instrument for energy efficiency governance by the municipalities in Tuscany (Italy). The results highlight that GPP practices in the building and construction sector can contribute to the energy efficiency governance at local level if municipality undertakes a path which integrates increasing energy and environmental awareness and technical know-how and expertise.
Eleonora Annunziata, Francesco Testa, Marco Frey, Fabio Iraldo

Sustainable Procurement in Practice: Explaining the Degree of Sustainable Procurement from an Organisational Perspective

Sustainable procurement is often used to reduce negative environmental impacts related to production and consumption. Several studies in the sustainable procurement literature have identified potential drivers of and barriers to sustainable procurement, which are often organisational in nature. Using an organisational perspective, this paper examines if and how three organisational factors — top management support, expertise and commitment — influence the degree of sustainable procurement in procurement projects in the Dutch national government. The article concludes that both organisational factors (especially commitment) and the actions of individual actors are important.
Jolien Grandia, Sandra Groeneveld, Ben Kuipers, Bram Steijn

A Holistic Approach to Developing Existing Building Commissioning in European Public Real Estate

Recently, the global market is struggling with one of the most critical economic crisis to have ever occurred. The solution is to attack the weak chain links effectively, focusing on specific targets rather than use capitals thoughtlessly. Therefore, it is necessary to introduce and follow more effective methodologies in each field of application, towards a general effort to move out of the crisis. In this paper, the authors analyse the field of Facility Management, in particular the improvement of buildings conditions and performance through Building Commissioning, to provide proof of its concepts effectiveness, presenting a new way of application.
Vittorio Cesarotti, Caterina Spada, Raffaela Rotunno, Ernesto Casara, Daniele Di Fausto, Nicola Martinelli, Massimo Varani, Giovanni La Bella

Innovation Procurement


Public Procurement for Innovation in Small States. The Case of Latvia

Policy-makers in the EU have recently increasingly emphasised public procurement as a policy instrument to stimulate innovation. Public procurement is seen as an instrument able to fill in the gaps in the existing innovation policy-mix, thus helping to maintain competitive advantage of EU Member States in global competition. Public procurement has been widely covered in research, however, its application in a context of a small state has remained largely uncovered. This paper thus aims at bridging this gap, by analysing the potential smallness-related constraints to implementation of public procurement as a policy instrument. The empirical part introduces the case study of Latvia.
Aleksandrs Cepilovs

A Conjecture on Institutional Rationalities and Property Rights in Public Procurement of Innovation

The increased interest in using public procurement as a policy tool for innovation has renewed a need for understanding the procurement process. A conjecture on institutional rationalities and property rights is offered to explain the hurdles present for conducting successful procurement projects. If an efficient negotiation solution is to be achieved, participants in procurement projects need to be aware of the other participants’ institutional rationalities and actively consider these while concluding the terms of procurement projects. Consequently, future policy efforts towards increased innovation have to be targeting the process of public procurement of innovation, rather than focusing on regulatory issues.
Robert Ågren, Max Rolfstam

Challenges in Public Procurement


Favouritism and Inefficiency in Procurement: Evidence from Public Works in Italy

This paper shows how favoritism in public procurement can emerge despite the use of rigid procedures for awarding contracts and of transparent criteria for allowing firms to bid. The paper analyzes data on the awarding of public works in Italy to illustrate how differences in fine regulation details across Italian local administrations have major implications in terms of favoritism toward local contractors and the overall efficiency of the procurement process. The findings are a cautionary tale about the benefits and risks of a decentralized procurement regulation and a warning about the problems facing green and innovation procurement.
Francesco Decarolis, Cristina Giorgiantonio

Public Procurement and Corruption in Africa: A Literature Review

Corruption is the major scourge of governments in Africa. This paper answers three questions: what types of corruption are found more often within public procurement in Africa? What are the major determinants of corruption in public procurement and what are the major challenges for the fight against corruption in public procurement in Africa? This paper examines the determinants of public procurement corruption in Africa, and finds that the economic, political, organizational and social determinants have a significant relationship with public procurement corruption in Africa, and proposes some challenges to consider in the fight against corruption in public procurement.
Andrea Appolloni, Jean Marie Mushagalusa Nshombo


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