Analysis of echocardiograms is a valuable tool for assessing myocardial function and diseases. Processing of ultrasound data is challenging due to noise levels and depth-dependent quality of structure edges. We propose to adapt a method based on quadrature filters that is invariant to changes in intensity and has been successfully applied to MRI data earlier. Quadrature-filter-based registration derives the spatial deformation between two images from the local phase shift. Because the local phase is intensity-invariant and requires inhomogeneity, e.g., noise and intensity variations, to properly pick up phase shifts, it is well suited for ultrasound data. A multi-resolution and multi-scale scheme is used to cover different scales of deformations. The type and strength of regularization of the dense deformation field can be specified for each level, allowing for weighting of global and local motion. To speed up the registration, deformation fields are determined slice-wise for three orientations of the original data and subsequently combined into a true 3D deformation field. The method is evaluated with the data and ground truth provided by the
Cardiac Motion Analysis Challenge
at STACOM 2012.
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