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Über dieses Buch

This book presents recent research advances on achieving seamless interoperability across all layers of communication channels in the context of emergency management and crisis response. It includes the outcomes of intensive discussions during the Workshop “Command, Control and Sensor Systems in Emergency Management” (EU C2-SENSE), which was held in Milan (Italy) from 4 to 6 July 2017. Major topics covered include analyses and practical guidelines for the development of physical and sensor layers; data analysis, visualization and management; and system integration. Moreover, certification guidelines and organizational interoperability issues are addressed. The book offers a valuable resource, both in the form of hands-on guidelines for the effective implementation of novel solutions in information technologies (IT) for civil protection applications, and as a basis for further research.

Inhaltsverzeichnis

Frontmatter

Emergency Maps Tool as a Collaborative Instrument for Decision Makers in a Command and Control Environment

Abstract
Tools for decision making with in a proper collaboration environment are of utmost importance for crises managers as well as decision makers to get continuous and accurate information about the crises situation. One of the main tools in C2-SENSE project is called Emergency Maps Tool (EMT). It has been developed as part of a broader collaboration environment in the C2-SENSE Emergency Interoperability Framework. It is the C2_SENSE instrument for decision making. EMT allows decision makers to set and monitor activities, send and receive event related messages but also to include ad-hoc information from sensors or sensor networks (e.g. water monitoring sensors in case of flooding).
Gerald Schimak, Denis Havlik, Peter Kutschera, Refiz Duro, Mert Gencturk

Visualization River Water Level Using Internet Technologies

Abstract
In this paper we present the web-service development for water level visualization in WebGL technology, which was one of the solution proposed to be used for flood management in C2-SENSE project. The paper investigates the various technologies for visualization in different environments (groundwater, surface water, different water flow regimes and climatic zones) and their implementations in real application. Furthermore we focus on particular example taking into account whole cycle of engineering project, starting from domain analysis, survey on similar solutions and applications, project development, solution evaluation, conclusions and chart the further development plan.
Rafał Kłoda, Jan Piwiński, Roman Szewczyk, Anna Ostaszewska-Liżewska, Kamil Duchna

Profiling Approach for the Interoperability of Command and Control Systems in Emergency Management: Pilot Scenario and Application

Abstract
In order to manage emergencies, crises and disasters effectively, different organizations with their Command & Control (C2) and Sensing Systems have to cooperate and constantly exchange and share data and information. In other words, territorial emergency management requires a cross-organisational, cross-domain, cross-level interoperability between the involved C2 and Sensing Systems. Although individual standards and specifications are usually adopted in C2 and Sensing Systems separately, there is no common, unified interoperability specification to be adopted in an emergency situation, which creates a crucial interoperability challenge for all the involved organisations. To address this challenge, we introduce a novel and practical profiling approach, which aims at achieving seamless interoperability of C2 and Sensing Systems in emergency management. Unlike the conventional profiling approach, which addresses only first three layers of interoperability stack, the profiling approach introduced in this paper involves all the layers of the communication stack in the security field. The work presented in this paper examine in particular the aspects relating to the testing of the project in the region of Puglia and interfacing with information systems of local authorities.
Marco Di Ciano, Domenico Morgese, Agostino Palmitessa

Partial Automatization of Legacy Systems Integration Using Web Application Creator

Abstract
Interoperability is as old as networked applications. New contexts and technics offer new challenges and new opportunities to cope with them. This paper presents a way to use modern technics and C2-SENSE concepts of Profile to partially automatize the integration of existing systems into a standardized framework used for interconnection of emergency applications. This approach has been proven as efficient in C2-SENSE pilot application.
Romuald Périnelle, François Gendry, Christophe Guettier

Recent Advances in Caller Localisation for Public Safety Answering Point

Abstract
Caller localisation is a key factor for the success of some emergency request to PSAP (Public Safety Answering Point). The article examines the state of the art of the caller localisation across several situations and technologies. In the end will be detailed a commercial and innovative solution in this field called FlagMii proposed by the Regola company that suits the localisation needs of PSAP when the caller use a mobile phone for a service request.
Biagio Lanziani, Michele Biolè

Improvements and Enhancements of Profile-Based Approach in C2-SENSE Crisis Management Project

Abstract
Empowering Command and Control (C2) systems with a harmonized view of information originating from different source providers (like physical sensors, messaging clients, legacy applications) is one of the key aspects of the C2-SENSE project: the effective management of emergencies is heavily dependent on information availability, its timeliness, its possibility to be correctly understood by specific consumers.
Achieving this goal in the highlighted context required to overcome some very specific and domain-oriented challenges, strongly influenced by the abundance of legacy architectures and applications found in the as-is, as well as their severely different technological level and maturity.
In this paper our intention is to show how, during the C2-Sense development, this service federation was made possible, which kind of issues had to be confronted with, which kind of solutions were evaluated and committed. In particular, we are going to delve into main aspects that can be improved, in order to suggest new investigation ways to make the project more declinable to real and complex crisis scenarios, giving a competitive advantage in being capable to reach an effective level of interoperability, making involved actors able to receive and understand information messages based on their actual informative value and not on the original capabilities of the convey systems.
In the conclusions we will also propose some further possible enhancements, built on top of the lesson learned during the C2-Sense research project.
Paolo Fabbri, Vincenzo Russo, Andrea A. Sbarra

Innovative Early Warning System for Natural Disasters – Case Study on Earthquakes with Earthquakeguard™ and NowTice™

Abstract
NowTech has realized Earthquakeguard™ a Rapid Alerting System of Seismic Events – Earthquake Early Warning System, based on a special sensor that does not generate fake alarms. Using this kind of sensors this innovative system is also able to provide a high precise and reliable structural monitoring system, furthermore these sensors are suitable to carry out seismic micro zonation studies and researches for hazard estimation.
REGOLA is a dynamic organization, developing fully in-house products with a modular approach. The ultimate purpose is to deliver comprehensive seamlessly-integrated software solutions and ready-to-use independent applications, keeping the whole technological framework open to external sources and standard integrations with 3rd party providers. Regola’s Nowtice™ is the cloud service designed to send out critical warnings and simple notifications, thought for Organizations and Institutions who need to communicate effectively, timely and controlled, especially in case of emergency situations.
The article explains how these solutions can be combined in order to create an innovative early warning system focused on earthquakes.
Biagio Lanziani, Michele Biolè, Giulio Delitala

Certification in Electronic Emergency Management

Abstract
Like in any other domains, interoperability is a key challenge in electronic emergency management and it is only possible through standardization. There are a number of disparate standardization activities in this domain towards different layers of communication stack from physical interoperability to organizational interoperability. However, their extensive and effective adoption has not been achieved due to the lack of supporting certification mechanisms. In other words, claiming conformance to these standards is not formally described. In this paper, within the scope of European Commission supported C2-SENSE project, we propose standard mechanisms for the conformance/interoperability testing of the emergency management standards and their certification. The mechanism is based on CEN/WS Global Interoperability Test Bed initiative where an online test bed is accessed by the implementers of the emergency management systems, which claim conformance to the standards, and execute testing scenarios like in a real life setting.
Mert Gencturk, Mustafa Sahin, Ezelsu Simsek, Yildiray Kabak

Civil Protection Organisational and Procedural Interoperability Profile

Abstract
Paper presents the results of the results of the C2-SENSE activities in project’s Work Package Organisational Interoperability, where we provided template for writing of the Organisational Interoperability Profiles (OIPs) as well as the framework for assessing the existing organisational agreements that is aligned with this template and tested by analysing several existing agreements. OIPs cover Aligned Operations and Procedures and Harmonized Strategy/Doctrines layers of the interoperability stack. These layers address the cooperation among organisations at procedural or operational level.
C2-SENSE Organisational Interoperability Profile template enables any organisation involved in the crisis management to prepare and write new inter-organisation agreements, which describe the nature of cooperation in everyday operations among them. The template is aligned with relevant international standards recommendations and applicable to all types and sizes of organisations that wish to prepare, maintain or improve their inter-organisation partnering agreement and demonstrate conformity to other organisation, when arranging the initial dialogue with potential partners.
The standards used in preparing the C2-SENSE OIPs address the organisational structures and internal procedures of the involved parties. Resulting OIPs, therefore, ensure a degree of interoperability among organisations in planning, establishing, implementing, operating, monitoring, reviewing, maintaining operations, even in the situation, when their organisations structures or internal procedures are different. This can help emergency organisations to recognize and resolve their cross-organisational interoperability issues.
Jan Piwiński, Biagio Lanziani, Francesco Ronco, Ivana Caputo

Backmatter

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