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01.10.2011 | SPECIAL FEATURE: ORIGINAL ARTICLE | Ausgabe 3/2011

Journal of Material Cycles and Waste Management 3/2011

Reduction of tar using cheap catalysts during sewage sludge gasification

Zeitschrift:
Journal of Material Cycles and Waste Management > Ausgabe 3/2011
Autoren:
Seok-Pyo Hong, Jong-In Dong, Sang-Ku Yeo, In-Hee Park, Moon-Sik Chung, Doo-Il Kim, Young-Kwon Park

Abstract

Solid-fuel conversion or gasification study of sewage sludge and energy recovery has become increasingly important because energy recovery and climate change are emerging issues. Various types of catalysts, such as dolomite, steel slag and calcium oxide, were tested for tar reduction during the sewage sludge gasification process. For the experiments on sewage sludge gasification reactions and tar reduction using the catalysts, a fixed bed of laboratory-scale experimental apparatus was set up. The reactor was made of quartz glass using an electric muffle furnace. The sewage sludge samples used had moisture contents less than 6%. The experimental conditions were as follows: sample weight was 20 g and reaction time was 10 min, gasification reaction temperature was from 600 to 800°C, and the equivalence ratio was 0.2. The quantity of catalysts was 2–6 g, and temperatures of catalyst layers were 500–700°C. As the reaction temperature increased up to 800°C, the yields of gaseous products and liquid products increased, whereas char and tar products decreased, showing effects on gas product compositions. These results were considered to be due to the increase of the water-gas reaction and Boudouard reaction. In the case of experiments with catalysts, dolomite (4 g), steel slag (6 g) and calcium oxide (6 g) were used. When the temperature of catalysts increased, the weight of the tar produced decreased with different cracking performances by different catalysts. Reforming reactions were considered to occur on the surface of dolomite, steel slag and calcium oxide, causing cracking of the hydrocarbon structure, which eventually showed reduced tar generation.

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