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The authors analyse the watershed development which more than any other set Zimbabwe down the path of economic destruction and deepening state fragility, namely the Fast Track Land Reform Programme (FTLRP) launched in 2000. Contrary to ZANU-PF’s efforts to portray the FTLRP in terms of the correction of a historical social injustice, they argue the initiative was primarily based on regime survival imperatives. They highlight the role of patronage in ensuring continued loyalty to the party, and how former white-owned commercial agricultural land was distributed accordingly. They examine the devastating collateral damage wrought by the FTLRP on Zimbabwe’s economy as commercial agricultural production collapsed, contributing to falling output, rising unemployment, shrinking export receipts, growing budget deficits, as well as the weakening of the rule of law and increased political repression. They show how this set the scene for the economic meltdown of the mid-2000s as the Government adopted increasingly profligate monetary and fiscal policies in a forlorn effort to arrest the decline.
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