Weitere Kapitel dieses Buchs durch Wischen aufrufen
This chapter aims to better understand the implications of transformative change for regional innovation systems (RIS) research and policy by looking more closely into processes of structural change within coal regions against a context of transitions to a low-carbon future. Case studies of Germany’s Ruhr and Australia’s Latrobe Valley are used to demonstrate the challenges in implementing regional innovation policies under conditions of fundamental uncertainty. In the absence of regional innovation system structures and institutions, there is first and foremost a need for organisational and institutional innovation to arrive at working configurations of actors, networks and institutions that could act as proto- or ‘pop-up’ innovation systems. This chapter aims to shed some light on how to approach such processes. It argues that policymakers and researchers should explicitly acknowledge the experimental nature of RIS policy and conceptualize RIS policy development and implementation as a series of governance experiments.
Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten
Sie möchten Zugang zu diesem Inhalt erhalten? Dann informieren Sie sich jetzt über unsere Produkte:
Andrews, D. (2016, November 4). Economic growth zone to boost Latrobe Valley business – Media release.
Ansell, C., & Bartenberger, M. (2016). Varieties of experimentalism. Ecological Economics, 130, 64–73. CrossRef
Asheim, B. T. (2001). Learning regions as development coalitions: Partnership as governance in European workfare states? Concepts and transformation, 6(1), 73–101. CrossRef
Asheim, B. T., & Gertler, M. (2005). The geography of innovation – Regional innovation systems. In J. Fagerberg, D. C. Mowery, & R. R. Nelson (Eds.), The Oxford handbook of innovation. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Asheim, B. T., & Isaksen, A. (2002). Regional innovation systems. The integration of local ‘sticky’ and global ‘ubiquitous’ knowledge. Journal of Technology Transfer, 27, 77–86. CrossRef
Asheim, B. T., Boschma, R., & Cooke, P. (2011a). Constructing regional advantage: Platform policies based on related variety and differentiated knowledge bases. Regional Studies, 45, 893–904. CrossRef
Asheim, B. T., Lawton Smith, H., & Oughton, C. (2011b). Regional innovation systems: Theory, empirics and policy. Special Issue of Regional Studies, 45, 875–891. CrossRef
Asheim, B., Grillitsch, M., & Trippl, M. (2016). Regional innovation systems: Past – present – future. In R. Shearmur, C. Carrincazeaux, & D. Doloreux (Eds.), Handbook of geographies of innovation (pp. 45–46). Cheltenham: Edward Elgar. CrossRef
Australian Broadcasting Corporation. (2016, November 4). Hazelwood closure: Special economic zone to be established for Latrobe Valley. Accessed June 16, 2017, from http://www.abc.net.au/news/2016-11-04/hazelwood-closure-prompts-economic-package-for-latrobe-valley/7994718
Australian Department of Environment and Energy. (2016, November 3). Media release: Government to support hazelwood workers. Accessed August 28, 2017, from http://www.environment.gov.au/minister/frydenberg/media-releases/pubs/mr20161103.pdf
Baer, H. A. (2016). The nexus of the coal industry and the state in Australia: Historical dimensions and contemporary challenges. Energy Policy, 99, 194–202. CrossRef
Baxendale, R. (2016, November 4). Hazelwood closure bad news for Victoria warns Josh Frydenberg. The Australian. Accessed 19 July, 2017, from http://www.theaustralian.com.au/national-affairs/hazelwood-closure-bad-news-for-victoria-warns-josh-frydenberg/news-story/5ae3e0948f229894e71d28aa822f3a92
Bemelmans-Videc, M.-L., Rist, R. C., & Vedung, E. (2003). Carrots, sticks and sermons: Policy instruments and their evaluation. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers.
Benner, M. (2013). From smart specialisation to smart experimentation: Towards a new theoretical framework for EU regional policy. SPACES online, Vol. 11, Issue 2013-04. Toronto and Heidelberg: www.spaces-online.com
Borrás, S., & Edquist, C. (2013). The choice of innovation policy instruments. Technological Forecasting & Social Change, 80, 1513–1522. CrossRef
Boschma, R. (2005). Proximity and innovation: A critical assessment. Regional Studies, 39, 61–74. CrossRef
Boschma, R., & Martin, R. (2010). The handbook of evolutionary economic geography. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar. CrossRef
Braczyk, H.-J., Cooke, P., & Heidenreich, M. (1998). Regional innovation systems: The role of governances in a globalized world. London: UCL Press.
Bugge, M., Coenen, L., Marques, P., & Morgan, K. (2017). Governing system innovation: Assisted living experiments in the UK and Norway. European Planning Studies, 25, 1–19. CrossRef
Bulkeley, H., & Castán Broto, V. (2013). Government by experiment? Global cities and the governing of climate change. Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, 38, 361–375. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1475-5661.2012.00535.x CrossRef
Cameron, J., & Gibson, K. (2005). Alternative pathways to community and economic development: The Latrobe Valley community partnering project. Geographical Research, 43(3), 274–285. CrossRef
Coenen, L., Hansen, T., & Rekers, J. V. (2015a). Innovation policy for grand challenges. An economic geography perspective. Geography Compass, 9(9), 483–496. CrossRef
Coenen, L., Moodysson, J., & Martin, H. (2015b). Path renewal in old industrial regions: Possibilities and limitations for regional innovation policy. Regional Studies, 49, 850–865. https://doi.org/10.1080/00343404.2014.979321 CrossRef
Coenen, L., Asheim, B., Bugge, M. M., & Herstad, S. J. (2017). Advancing regional innovation systems: What does evolutionary economic geography bring to the policy table?. Environment and Planning C: Politics and Space, 35(4), 600–620.
Colebatch, T. (2017, March 28). Old coal, no new gas: How to generate an electricity crisis, National affairs. Inside Story.
Cooke, P. (1998). Introduction: Origins of the concept. In H. J. Braczyk, P. Cooke, & M. Heidenreich (Eds.), Regional innovation systems: The role of governance in a globalized world (pp. 2–25). London: UCL Press.
Cooke, P., Uranga, M. G., & Etxebarria, G. (1998). Regional systems of innovation: An evolutionary perspective. Environment and Planning A, 30, 1563–1584. CrossRef
Cooke, P., Heidenreich, M., & Braczyk, H.-J. (2004). Regional innovation systems: The role of governance in a globalized world. London: UCL Press.
Cooke, P., Laurentis, C. D., Tödtling, F., et al. (2007). Regional knowledge economies: Markets, clusters and innovation. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar. CrossRef
Doloreux, D. (2002). What we should know about regional systems of innovation. Technology in Society, 24, 243–263. CrossRef
Eklund. (2017, March 30). Hazelwood power station: From modernist icon to greenhouse pariah. The Conversation. Accessed April 10, 2017, from https://theconversation.com/hazelwood-power-station-from-modernist-icon-to-greenhouse-pariah-75217
Engie. (2016, November 3). Hazelwood to close in March 2017 – Media release. Accessed August 11, 2017, from http://www.gdfsuezau.com/media/UploadedDocuments/News/Hazelwood%20Clousure/Hazelwood%20closure%20-%20Media%20release.pdf
Engie. (2017). History of Hazelwood. Accessed August 11, 2017, from http://www.gdfsuezau.com/media/UploadedDocuments/Hazelwood%20Closure/History/Hazelwood%20History%20Brochure.pdf
Fairbrother, P., & Testi, J. (2002). The advent of multinational ownership of the Victorian electricity generating plants: Questions for labour. In P. Fairbrother, M. Paddon, & J. Teicher (Eds.), Privatisation, globalisation and labour: Studies from Australia. Annandale, NSW: The Federation Press, as cited in Cameron & Gibson (2005).
Flanagan, K., Uyarra, E., & Laranja, M. (2011). Reconceptualising the ‘policy mix’ for innovation. Research Policy, 40, 702–713. CrossRef
Frenken, K. (2016). A complexity-theoretic perspective on innovation policy. Innovation Studies Utrecht (ISU) Working Paper Series, 16(01), 1–17.
Garud, R., & Karnøe, P. (2003). Bricolage versus breakthrough: Distributed and embedded agency in technology entrepreneurship. Research Policy, 32, 277–300. CrossRef
Garud, R., Kumaraswamy, A., & Karnøe, P. (2010). Path dependence or path creation. Journal of Management Studies, 47, 760–774. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-6486.2009.00914.x CrossRef
Geoscience Australia. (2016). Coal – summary. Accessed August 28, 2017, from http://www.ga.gov.au/aera/coal
Giurco, D., Cohen, B., Langham, E., & Warnken, M. (2011). Backcasting energy futures using industrial ecology. Technological Forecasting & Social Change, 78(2011), 797–818. CrossRef
Gordon, J., & Preiss, B. (2016, November 4). Latrobe Valley set to gain $266 million rescue package. The Age. Accessed July 20, 2017, from http://www.theage.com.au/victoria/latrobe-valley-set-to-gain-266-million-rescue-package-20161103-gshhqe.html
Grabher, G. (1993). The weakness of strong ties: The lock-in of regional development in the Ruhr area. In G. Grabher (Ed.), The embedded firm (pp. 255–277). London: Routledge.
Hassink, R. (2010). Regional resilience: A promising concept to explain differences in regional economic adaptability? Cambridge Journal of Regions Economy and Society, 3, 45–58. CrossRef
Heritage Council of Victoria. (2008). Mining heritage study in Victoria, Prepared by Jack Vines. Melbourne: Heritage Council of Victoria.
Hospers, G.-J. (2004). Restructuring Europe’s rustbelt: The case of the German Ruhrgebiet. Intereconomics, 39( 3), 147–156.
Hudson, R. (2005). Rethinking change in old industrial regions: Reflecting on the experiences of North East England. Environment and planning A, 37(4), 581–596. CrossRef
Isaksen, A. (2014). Industrial development in thin regions: Trapped in path extension? Journal of Economic Geography, 15(3), 585–600. CrossRef
Jotzo, F., & Mazouz, S. (2015). Brown coal exit: A market mechanism for regulated closure of highly emissions intensive power stations. Economic Analysis and Policy, 48, 71–81. CrossRef
Kilper, H., Lehner, F., Rehfeld, D., & Schmidt-Bleek, F. (1996). Wegweiser in die Zukunft. Perspektiven und Konzepte für den Strukturwandel im Ruhrgebiet. Essen: Klartext.
Klein Woolthuis, R., Lankhuizen, M., & Gilsing, V. (2005). A system failure framework for innovation policy design. Technovation, 25, 609–619. CrossRef
Laranja, M., Uyarra, E., & Flanagan, K. (2008). Policies for science, technology and innovation: Translating rationales into regional policies in a multi-level setting. Research Policy, 37, 823–835. CrossRef
Latrobe City Council. (2016, December). A strength-led transition. Accessed July 26, 2017, from www.latrobe.vic.gov.au/.../A_Strength_Led_Transition_-_Latrobe_City_Council_2016_-_low_res.pdf
Lundvall, B.-Å., & Borrás, S. (1997). The globalising learning economy: Implications for innovation policy. Brussels: DG XII, Commission of the European Union.
Marques, P. (2011). Theories and policies of innovation: A critical review. Geography Compass, 5, 838–850. CrossRef
Martin, H. (2016). Innovation for tackling grand challenges: Cleantech industry dynamics and regional context. PhD thesis, Lund University, Sweden.
Morgan, K. (2017). Nurturing novelty: Regional innovation policy in the age of smart specialisation. Environment and Planning C: Politics and Space, 35(4), 569–583.
OECD. (2015). System innovation: Synthesis report. Paris: OECD Publishing.
Schepelmann, P., Kemp, R., Klement, J., & Schneidewind, U. (2013). The eco-restructuring of the ruhr area as an example of a managed transition. Sustainability Transitions IST 2013 Conference, June 2013.
Smith, K. (1998). What is ‘basic science?’ In E. Kallerud (Ed.), Basic research in innovation and science policy (pp. 79–96). Oslo: Norwegian Institute for Studies in Research and Higher Education, Report 9/98.
Stroud, D., Fairbrother, P., Evans, C., & Blake, J. (2014). Skill development in the transition to a ‘green economy’: A ‘varieties of capitalism’ analysis. The Economic and Labour Relations Review, 25(1), 10–27. CrossRef
Tödtling, F., & Trippl, M. (2005). One size fits all? Towards a differentiated regional innovation policy approach. Research Policy, 34, 1203–1219. CrossRef
Tomaney, J., & Somerville, M. (2010). Climate change and regional identity in the Latrobe Valley, Victoria. Australian Humanities Review, 49, 29–47.
Trippl, M., & Otto, A. (2009). How to turn the fate of old industrial areas: A comparison of cluster-based renewal processes in Styria and the Saarland. Environment and Planning A, 41, 1217–1233. CrossRef
Trippl, M., Asheim, B., & Miorner, J. (2015). Identification of regions with less developed research and innovation systems. CIRCLE Papers in Innovation Studies Paper no. 2015/1.
Underthun, A., Hildrum, J., Svare, H., Finsrud, H., & Vareide, K. (2014). The restructuring of the old industrial region of Grenland in Norway: Between lock-in, adjustment, and renewal. Norsk Geografisk Tidskrift – Norwegian Journal of Geography, 68, 121–132. https://doi.org/10.1080/00291951.2014.894566 CrossRef
Weber, K. M., & Rohracher, H. (2012). Legitimizing research, technology and innovation policies for transformative change – Combining insights from innovation systems and multi-level perspective in a comprehensive ‘failures’ framework. Research Policy, 41, 1037–1047. CrossRef
Weller, S. A. (2012). The regional dimensions of the ‘Transition to a low-carbon economy’: The case of Australia's Latrobe valley. Regional Studies, 46(9), 1261–1272. CrossRef
Weller, S., Sheehan, P., & Tomaney, J. (2011, November). The regional effects of pricing carbon emissions: An adjustment strategy for the Latrobe Valley. Final Report to Regional Development Victoria. Centre for Strategic Economic Studies, Victoria University.
Wiseman, J., Campbell, S., & Green, F. (2017). Prospects foer a “just transition” away from coal-fired power generation in Australia: Learning from the closure of the Hazelwood Power Station, CCEP Working Paper 1708, November 2017. Crawford School of Public Policy, Australian National University.
- Regional Innovation Systems and Transformative Dynamics: Transitions in Coal Regions in Australia and Germany
Neuer Inhalt/© Stellmach, Neuer Inhalt/© Maturus, Pluta Logo/© Pluta