Weitere Artikel dieser Ausgabe durch Wischen aufrufen
The online version of this article (doi:10.1007/s12116-016-9233-7) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.
Previous work suggests that remittances enable governments to reduce spending on public services and divert resources to serve their own interests. We argue this need not occur. Building on recent work which shows that the impact of remittances is contingent on the domestic environment in remittance-receiving countries, we hypothesize that (1) remittances are more likely to increase government spending on public services in democracies than in autocracies and (2) remittances are more likely to finance activities that deter political competition in autocracies than in democracies. Using a sample of 105 developing countries from 1985 through 2008, we find strong support for our hypotheses when examining the impact of remittances on public education, health, and military spending. We also provide suggestive evidence for the mechanism underpinning our results: micro-level evidence on remittance recipients’ preferences and political engagement.
Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten
Sie möchten Zugang zu diesem Inhalt erhalten? Dann informieren Sie sich jetzt über unsere Produkte:
ESM 1 (DOCX 73 kb)12116_2016_9233_MOESM1_ESM.docx
Abdih Y, Chami R, Dagher J, Montiel P. Remittances and institutions: are remittances a curse? World Dev. 2012;40(4):657–66. CrossRef
Adida CL, Girod DM. Do migrants improve their hometowns? Remittances and access to public Services in Mexico, 1995–2000. Comparative Political Studies. 2011;44(1):3–27. CrossRef
Ahmed FZ. The perils of unearned foreign income: aid, remittances, and government survival. American Political Science Review. 2012;106(1):146–65. CrossRef
Ahmed FZ. Remittances Deteriorate Governance. Rev Econ Stat. 2013;95(4):1166–82. CrossRef
Aisa R, Pueyo F. Government health spending and growth in a model of endogenous longevity. Econ Lett. 2006;90(2):249–53. CrossRef
Amuedo-Dorantes C, Pozo S. New evidence on the role of remittances on healthcare expenditures by Mexican households. Rev Econ Househ. 2011;9(1):69–98. CrossRef
Ansell BW. Traders, teachers, and tyrants: democracy, globalization, and public Investment in Education. Int Organ. 2008;62(2):289–322. CrossRef
Bearce DH, Park S. 2015. Remittances are a political blessing and not a curse. Paper presented at the American Political Science Association Meeting in San Francisco, CA, 3–6 September 2015.
Bose N, Emranul Haque M, Osborn DR. Public expenditure and economic growth: a disaggregated analysis for developing countries. Manch Sch. 2007;75(5):533–56. CrossRef
Bueno de Mesquita B, Smith A. Political survival and endogenous institutional change. Comparative Political Studies. 2009;42(2):167–97. CrossRef
Bueno de Mesquita B, Smith A, Siverson RM, Morrow JD. The logic of political survival. Cambridge: MIT Press; 2003.
Burgess K. Collective remittances and migrant-state collaboration in Mexico and El Salvador. Latin American Politics and Society. 2012;54(4):119–46. CrossRef
Castles FG. What welfare states do: a disaggregated expenditure approach. Journal of Social Policy. 2009;38(1):45–62. CrossRef
Charron N, Lapuente V. Which dictators produce quality of government? Stud Comp Int Dev. 2011;46:397–423. CrossRef
Clements B, Gupta S, Nozaki M. What happens to social spending in IMF supported programmes? Appl Econ. 2013;45(28):4022–33. CrossRef
Collier P. War and military expenditure in developing countries and their consequences for development. Economics of Peace and Security Journal. 2006;1(1):10–3. CrossRef
Collier P, Hoeffler A. Unintended consequences: does aid promote arms races? Oxf Bull Econ Stat. 2007;69(1):1–27. CrossRef
Cordova A, Hiskey J. 2014. Context matters: national economic development and remittance recipients’ political behavior, Paper presented at the American Political Science Association Meeting in Washington, DC, 28–31 August 2014.
Cordova A, Hiskey J. Shaping politics at home: cross-border social ties and local-level political engagement. Comparative Political Studies. 2015;48(11):1454–87. CrossRef
Doyle D. Remittances and social spending. American Political Science Review. 2015;109(4):785–802. CrossRef
Dunne JP, Uye M. Military spending and development. In: Tan ATH, editor. The global arms trade: a handbook. London: Routledge; 2009.
Escribà-Folch A, Meseguer C, Wright J. Remittances and democratization. Int Stud Q. 2015;59(3):571–86. CrossRef
Gandhi J. Political institutions under dictatorship. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press; 2008. CrossRef
Geddes B, Frantz E, Wright JG. Military rule. Annual Review of Political Science. 2014;17:147–62. CrossRef
Germano R. “Migrants’ remittances and economic voting in the Mexican Countryside. Electoral Studies. Online version. 2013.
Ghosh B. Migrants’ remittances and development: myths, rhetoric and realities. Geneva, Switzerland: International Organization for Migration. 2006.
Gillion C. Social security protection in the developing world. Monthly Labor Review. 1994;134(4):24–31.
Gleditsch KS, Ward MD. Double take: a reexamination of democracy and autocracy in modern polities. J Confl Resolut. 1997;41(3):361–83. CrossRef
Goodman GL, Hiskey JT. Exit without leaving: political disengagement in high migration municipalities in Mexico. Comparative Politics. 2008;40(2):169–89. CrossRef
Guarnizo LE, Portes A, Haller W. Assimilation and transnationalism: determinants of transnational political action among contemporary migrants. Am J Sociol. 2003;108(6):1211–48. CrossRef
Gupta S, de Mello L, Sharan R. Corruption and military spending. European Journal of Political Science. 2001;17:749–77.
Harding R, Stasavage D. What democracy does (and doesn’t do) for basic services: school fees, school inputs, and African elections. J Polit. 2014;76(1):229–45. CrossRef
Huber E, Mustillo T, Stephens JD. Politics and social spending in Latin America. J Polit. 2008;70(2):420–36. CrossRef
Kaufman RR, Segura-Ubiergo A. Globalization, domestic politics, and social spending in Latin America: a time-series cross-section analysis, 2001;56:553–7.
Kaul I, Grunberg I, Stern MA. Introduction. In: Sitglitz J, editor. Global public goods. New York: Oxford University Press; 1999. p. xix–xxxviii. CrossRef
Kono DY, Montinola G. The uses and abuses of foreign aid: development aid and military spending. Political Research Quarterly. 2013;66(3):615–29. CrossRef
Lake DA, Baum MA. The invisible hand of democracy: political control and the provision of public services. Comparative Political Studies. 2001;34(6):587–621. CrossRef
Lewbel A. Constructing instruments for regressions with measurement error when no additional data are available, with an application to patents and R&D. Econometrica. 1997;65(5):1201–13. CrossRef
Lindert K, Skoufias E, Shapiro J. Redistributing income to the poor and the rich: public transfers in Latin America and the Caribbean. World Bank: Social Safety Net Primer Series. 2006.
Lyons T, Mandaville P. Think locally, act globally: toward a transnational comparative politics. Int Political Sociol. 2010;4(2):124–41. CrossRef
Mares I, Carnes ME. Social policy in developing countries. Annual Reveiew of Political Science. 2009;12:93–113. CrossRef
Mosley L, Singer DA. Migration, labor, and the international political economy. Annual Review of Political Science. 2015;18:283–301. CrossRef
Munck GL, Verkuilen J. Conceptualizing and measuring democracy: evaluating alternative indices. Comparative Political Studies. 2002;35(1):5–34.
North DC, Weingast B. Constitutions and commitment: the evolution of institutions governing public choice in seventeenth-century England. J Econ Hist. 1989;49(4):803–32. CrossRef
O’Mahoney A. Political investment: remittances and elections. Br J Polit Sci. 2013;43(4):799–820. CrossRef
Østergaard-Nielsen E. The politics of migrants’ transnational political practices. Int Migr Rev. 2003;37(3):760–86. CrossRef
Pemstein D, Meserve SA, Melton J. Democratic compromise: a latent variable analysis of ten measures of regime type. Polit Anal. 2010;18(4):426–49. CrossRef
Pfutze T. Does migration promote democratization? Evidence from the Mexican transition. J Comp Econ. 2012;40(2):159–75. CrossRef
Powell J. Determinants of the attempting and outcome of coups d’etat. J Confl Resolut. 2012;56(6):1017–40. CrossRef
Ratha D, De S, Dervisevic E, Plaza S, Schuettler K, Shaw W, Wyss H, Yi S, Yousefi SR. 2015. Migration and remittances: recent developments and outlook migration and development brief # 24. Washington, DC: The World Bank.
Ross M. Is democracy good for the poor? Am J Polit Sci. 2006;50(4):860–74. CrossRef
Rudra N, Haggard S. Globalization, democracy, and effective welfare spending in the developing world. Comparative Political Studies. 2005;38(9):1015–49. CrossRef
Staiger D, Stock JH. Instrumental variables regression with weak instruments. Econometrica. 1997;65(3):557–86. CrossRef
Stasavage D. Democracy and education spending in Africa. Am J Polit Sci. 2005;49(2):343–58. CrossRef
Svolik M. The politics of authoritarian rule. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press; 2012. CrossRef
Tyburski MD. The resource curse reversed? Remittances and corruption in Mexico. Int Stud Q. 2012;56(2):339–50. CrossRef
Tyburski MD. Curse or cure? Migrant remittances and corruption. The Journal of Politics. 2014;76:814–24. CrossRef
Vanhanen T. Measures of democracy 1810-2012 [computer file]. FSD1289, version 6.0 (2014-01-31). Vanhanen, Tatu&Lundell, Krister [data collection]. Tampere: Finnish Social Science Data Archive [distributor]. 2014.
Yang D. International migration, remittances, and household investment: evidence from Philippine exchange rate shocks. Economic Journal. 2005;118:591–630. CrossRef
- Remittances, Regime Type, and Government Spending Priorities
Malcolm R. Easton
Gabriella R. Montinola
- Springer US
Neuer Inhalt/© Stellmach, Neuer Inhalt/© Maturus, Pluta Logo/© Pluta, digitale Transformation/© Maksym Yemelyanov | Fotolia