Now a days cellular phone companies are facing a lot of problem regarding resource management. Resources for establishing cellular networks are very expensive, Antennas are one these resource. Cellular companies are facing problem regarding proper management of these antennas. In this paper we address the issue of antenna placement problem (APP) to reduce the number of antennas in a specific area. We propose a self tuning algorithm that identifies the location of antennas to be placed in the desired coverage area using minimum number of antennas.
Digital Elevation Maps for the proposed coverage area are processed to create a candidate location matrix where antennas can be placed. This matrix provides a mean to isolate areas where antenna deployment is restricted due to Legal or other concerns.
This paper utilizes omni directional antennas and provides x, y coordinates of the proposed location in the area of interest.