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Energy is essential for the sustenance of life. Also energy and the economic growth of a nation are interlinked. Energy security of a country entails optimum utilization of indigenous and those sources of energy to which a nation can have access. Hydropower is an important and an economically competitive source of electricity. In India, hydro projects up to 25 MW capacities have been categorized as small hydro power projects (SHPs) and the Ministry of Non-Conventional Energy (MNRE) is responsible for their construction. The technology for the SHP is fully indigenized. SHPs though economical and less environmentally degrading, suffer from cascading due to a number of plants in tandem, may result into poorer quality of water and may have hydrology impacted at the sub-basin level. India has a potential of about 20,000 MW through SHP, and as such, it has been declared as one of the thrust areas. The Ministry is encouraging the development of small hydro projects both in the public and in private sector. There are about 25 equipment manufacturers of SHP turbine in the country with estimated capacity of about 400 MW per year.
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Group Captain AK Sachdev (2013) “India’s Energy Security: Role of Offshore Helicopter Operations”, published in Indian Defence Review, Issue: vol 28.3, July–Sep 2013 dated 13 Dec 2013.
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REC: The Electricity Act of 2003 as well as NAPCC provides a roadmap for increasing the share of renewables in the total generation capacity of the country. However, renewable sources are not evenly spread across the country. In this context, the concept of REC assumes significance. The concept seeks to address the mismatch between the availability of the RE resources and the requirement of the obligated entities to meet their renewable power purchase obligations (RPO). It is also expected to encourage the RE capacity accretion in the states where there is a potential for RE generation as the REC framework seeks to create a national-level market for such generators to recover their cost.
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- Scope for Small Hydro Projects in India
A. K. Chaturvedi
- Springer India