Weitere Artikel dieser Ausgabe durch Wischen aufrufen
Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.
Existing research on resilience varies across fields on analysis and presents scattered and diverse definitions. For example, the literature suggests that resilience in organisations is influenced by factors of various levels, occurring at both the individual and organisational level. However, there are currently few insights into how these different levels of analysis interact with each other. Therefore, focusing on resilience in the context of entrepreneurship, this paper aims to explore the relationship between the employee-level resilience dimensions (cognitive, behavioural and contextual) and entrepreneurs’ perceived performance, and the moderating role of entrepreneur resilience. A survey has been conducted with 195 entrepreneurs managing small family firms. Results confirm the hypothesis that the dimensions of employee-level resilience affect performance positively when the entrepreneur has a strong propensity towards personal resilience. Entrepreneurs may use these insights to increase awareness of their actions towards achieving organisational resilience and to implement practices aimed at increasing employee-level resilience.
Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten
Sie möchten Zugang zu diesem Inhalt erhalten? Dann informieren Sie sich jetzt über unsere Produkte:
Acs, Z. J., & Audretsch, D. B. (1987). Innovation, market structure, and firm size. The Review of Economics and Statistics, 567–574.
Acs, Z. J., & Audretsch, D. B. (1988). Innovation in large and small firms: an empirical analysis. The American Economic Review, 678–690.
Acs, Z. J., Autio, E., & Szerb, L. (2014). National systems of entrepreneurship: measurement issues and policy implications. Research Policy, 43(3), 476–494. CrossRef
Ahammad, M. F., Tarba, S. Y., Liu, Y., & Glaister, K. W. (2016). Knowledge transfer and cross-border acquisition performance: the impact of cultural distance and employee retention. International Business Review, 25(1), 66–75. CrossRef
Ahern, N. R., Kiehl, E. M., Lou Sole, M., & Byers, J. (2006). A review of instruments measuring resilience. Issues in Comprehensive Pediatric Nursing, 29(2), 103–125. CrossRef
Akgün, A. E., & Keskin, H. (2014). Organisational resilience capacity and firm product innovativeness and performance. International Journal of Production Research, 52(23), 6918–6937. CrossRef
Alegre, J., & Chiva, R. (2013). Linking entrepreneurial orientation and firm performance: the role of organizational learning capability and innovation performance. Journal of Small Business Management, 51(4), 491–507. CrossRef
Ardito, L., Messeni Petruzzelli, A., & Panniello, U. (2016). Unveiling the breakthrough potential of established technologies: an empirical investigation in the aerospace industry. Technology Analysis & Strategic Management, 28(8), 916–934. CrossRef
Boyne, G. A., & Meier, K. J. (2009). Environmental turbulence, organizational stability, and public service performance. Administration & Society, 40(8), 799–824. CrossRef
Bullough, A., & Renko, M. (2013). Entrepreneurial resilience during challenging times. Business Horizons, 56(3), 343–350. CrossRef
Bullough, A., Renko, M., & Myatt, T. (2014). Danger zone entrepreneurs: the importance of resilience and self-efficacy for entrepreneurial intentions. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 38(3), 473–499. CrossRef
Carland, J. W., Hoy, F., Boulton, W. R., & Carland, J. A. C. (1984). Differentiating entrepreneurs from small business owners: a conceptualization. Academy of Management Review, 9(2), 354–359. CrossRef
Cassia, L., De Massis, A., Meoli, M., & Minola, T. (2014). Entrepreneurship research centers around the world: research orientation, knowledge transfer and performance. The Journal of Technology Transfer, 39(3), 376–392.
Cheng, H., Niu, M. S., & Niu, K. H. (2014). Industrial cluster involvement, organizational learning, and organizational adaptation: an exploratory study in high technology industrial districts. Journal of Knowledge Management, 18(5), 971–990. CrossRef
Chiva, R., & Alegre, J. (2009). Investment in design and firm performance: the mediating role of design management. Journal of Product Innovation Management, 26(4), 424–440. CrossRef
Chrisman, J. J., Chua, J. H., De Massis, A., Frattini, F., & Wright, M. (2015a). The ability and willingness paradox in family firm innovation. Journal of Product Innovation Management, 32(3), 310–318. CrossRef
Chrisman, J. J., Fang, H., Kotlar, J., & De Massis, A. (2015b). A note on family influence and the adoption of discontinuous technologies in family firms. Journal of Product Innovation Management, 32(3), 384–388. CrossRef
Cooper, C., Flint-Taylor, J., & Pearn, M. (2013). Building resilience for success: a resource for managers and organizations. Springer.
Cooper, S. C. L., Stokes, P., Liu, Y., & Tarba, S. Y. (2017). Sustainability and organizational behavior: a micro-foundational perspective. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 38(9), 1297–1301. CrossRef
Coutu, D. L. (2002). How resilience works. Harvard Business Review, 80(5), 46–56.
Cruz-González, J., López-Sáez, P., Navas-López, J. E., & Delgado-Verde, M. (2015). Open search strategies and firm performance: the different moderating role of technological environmental dynamism. Technovation, 35, 32–45. CrossRef
Cumming, G. S., Barnes, G., Perz, S., Schmink, M., Sieving, K. E., Southworth, J., et al. (2005). An exploratory framework for the empirical measurement of resilience. Ecosystems, 8(8), 975–987. CrossRef
Czarnitzki, D., & Kraft, K. (2009). Capital control, debt financing and innovative activity. Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, 71(2), 372–383. CrossRef
De Jong, J. P., & Den Hartog, D. N. (2007). How leaders influence employees’ innovative behaviour. European Journal of Innovation Management, 10(1), 41–64. CrossRef
De Massis, A., Chua, J. H., & Chrisman, J. J. (2008). Factors preventing intra-family succession. Family Business Review, 21(2), 183–199. CrossRef
De Massis, A., Minola, T., & Viviani, D. (2012). Entrepreneurial learning in Italian high-tech start-ups: an exploratory study. International Journal of Innovation and Learning, 11(1), 94–114. CrossRef
De Massis, A., Chirico, F., Kotlar, J., & Naldi, L. (2014). The temporal evolution of proactiveness in family firms: the horizontal S-curve hypothesis. Family Business Review, 27(1), 35–50. CrossRef
Del Giudice, M., Campanella, F., & Dezi, L. (2016). The bank of things: an empirical investigation on the profitability of the financial services of the future. Business Process Management Journal, 22(2), 324–340. CrossRef
Del Giudice, M., Carayannis, E. G., & Maggioni, V. (2017). Global knowledge intensive enterprises and international technology transfer: emerging perspectives from a quadruple helix environment. The Journal of Technology Transfer, 42(2), 229–235. CrossRef
Déniz, M. D. L. C. D., & Suárez, M. K. C. (2005). Corporate social responsibility and family business in Spain. Journal of Business Ethics, 56(1), 27–41. CrossRef
Doran, J., & Fingleton, B. (2016). Employment resilience in Europe and the 2008 economic crisis: insights from micro-level data. Regional Studies, 50(4), 644–656. CrossRef
Dutton, J. E., Frost, P. J., Worline, M. C., Lilius, J. M., & Kanov, J. M. (2002). Leading in times of trauma. Harvard Business Review, 80(1), 54–61.
Ferraris, A., Santoro, G., & Dezi, L. (2017). How MNC’s subsidiaries may improve their innovative performance? The role of external sources and knowledge management capabilities. Journal of Knowledge Management, 21(3).
Finkelstein, S., & Hambrick, D. C. (1990). Top-management-team tenure and organizational outcomes: the moderating role of managerial discretion. Administrative Science Quarterly, 484–503.
Fisher, R., Maritz, A., & Lobo, A. (2016). Does individual resilience influence entrepreneurial success. Academy of Entrepreneurship Journal, 22(2), 39–53.
Folke, C., Carpenter, S., Walker, B., Scheffer, M., Chapin, T., & Rockström, J. (2010). Resilience thinking: integrating resilience, adaptability and transformability. Ecology and Society, 15(4).
Folkman, S., & Moskowitz, J. T. (2000). Positive affect and the other side of coping. American Psychologist, 55(6), 647. CrossRef
Gatignon, H., Tushman, M. L., Smith, W., & Anderson, P. (2002). A structural approach to assessing innovation: construct development of innovation locus, type, and characteristics. Management Science, 48(9), 1103–1122. CrossRef
Gherhes, C., Vorley, T., & Williams, N. (2018). Entrepreneurship and local economic resilience: the impact of institutional hysteresis in peripheral places. Small Business Economics, 51(3), 577–590. CrossRef
Gist, M. E., & Mitchell, T. R. (1992). Self-efficacy: a theoretical analysis of its determinants and malleability. Academy of Management Review, 17(2), 183–211. CrossRef
Gittell, J. H., Cameron, K., Lim, S., & Rivas, V. (2006). Relationships, layoffs, and organizational resilience: airline industry responses to September 11. The Journal of Applied Behavioral Science, 42(3), 300–329. CrossRef
Goel, S., & Jones III, R. J. (2016). Entrepreneurial exploration and exploitation in family business: a systematic review and future directions. Family Business Review, 29(1), 94–120. CrossRef
Gorgievski, M. J., & Stephan, U. (2016). Advancing the psychology of entrepreneurship: a review of the psychological literature and an introduction. Applied Psychology, 65(3), 437–468. CrossRef
Gunderson, L. H. (2000). Ecological resilience—in theory and application. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, 31(1), 425–439. CrossRef
Hair JR, Anderson RE, Tatham RL, Black WC (1995) Multivariate data analysis with readings. Prentice Hall, Englewood, NJ.
Hawes, J. M., & Crittenden, W. F. (1984). A taxonomy of competitive retailing strategies. Strategic Management Journal, 5(3), 275–287. CrossRef
Hayward, M. L., Forster, W. R., Sarasvathy, S. D., & Fredrickson, B. L. (2010). Beyond hubris: how highly confident entrepreneurs rebound to venture again. Journal of Business Venturing, 25(6), 569–578. CrossRef
Hobfoll, S. E. (2002). Social and psychological resources and adaptation. Review of General Psychology, 6(4), 307. CrossRef
Hobfoll, S. E., Hall, B. J., Canetti-Nisim, D., Galea, S., Johnson, R. J., & Palmieri, P. A. (2007). Refining our understanding of traumatic growth in the face of terrorism: moving from meaning cognitions to doing what is meaningful. Applied Psychology: An International Review, 56(3), 345–366. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1464-0597.2007.00292.x. CrossRef
Holling, C. S. (1973). Resilience and stability of ecological systems. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, 4(1), 1–23. CrossRef
Holling, C. S. (2001). Understanding the complexity of economic, ecological, and social systems. Ecosystems, 4(5), 390–405. CrossRef
Home, J. F., & Orr, J. E. (1997). Assessing behaviors that create resilient organizations. Employment Relations Today, 24(4), 29–39. CrossRef
Horne III, J. F. (1997). The coming age of organizational resilience. In Business forum (Vol. 22, No. 2/3, p. 24). California State University, Los Angeles, School of Business and Economics.
Judge, T. A., Piccolo, R. F., & Kosalka, T. (2009). The bright and dark sides of leader traits: a review and theoretical extension of the leader trait paradigm. The Leadership Quarterly, 20(6), 855–875. CrossRef
Junni, P., Sarala, R. M., Taras, V., & Tarba, S. Y. (2013). Organizational ambidexterity and performance: a meta-analysis. The Academy of Management Perspectives, 27(4), 299–312. CrossRef
Keith, N., Unger, J. M., Rauch, A., & Frese, M. (2016). Informal learning and entrepreneurial success: a longitudinal study of deliberate practice among small business owners. Applied Psychology, 65(3), 515–540. CrossRef
Khan, Z., Rao-Nicholson, R., Akhtar, P., Tarba, S. Y., Ahammad, M. F., & Vorley, T. (2019). The role of HR practices in developing employee resilience: a case study from the Pakistani telecommunications sector. The International Journal of Human Resource Management, 30(8), 1342–1369. CrossRef
Klotz, A. C., & Neubaum, D. O. (2016). Article commentary: research on the dark side of personality traits in entrepreneurship: observations from an organizational behavior perspective. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 40(1), 7–17. CrossRef
Kobasa, S. C., Maddi, S. R., & Kahn, S. (1982). Hardiness and health: a prospective study. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 42(1), 168. CrossRef
Krueger, N. F. (2003). The cognitive psychology of entrepreneurship. In Handbook of entrepreneurship research (pp. 105–140). Boston: Springer.
Lazarus, R. S., & Folkman, S. (1984). Coping and adaptation. The handbook of Behavioral Medicine, 282–325.
Lengnick-Hall, C. A., & Beck, T. E. (2003). Beyond bouncing back: the concept of organizational resilience. In National Academy of Management meetings. WA: Seattle.
Lengnick-Hall, C. A., & Beck, T. E. (2005). Adaptive fit versus robust transformation: how organizations respond to environmental change. Journal of Management, 31(5), 738–757. CrossRef
Lengnick-Hall, C. A., & Beck, T. E. (2009). Resilience capacity and strategic agility: prerequisites for thriving in a dynamic environment. UTSA, College of Business.
Lengnick-Hall, C. A., Beck, T. E., & Lengnick-Hall, M. L. (2011). Developing a capacity for organizational resilience through strategic human resource management. Human Resource Management Review, 21(3), 243–255. CrossRef
Linnenluecke, M. K. (2017). Resilience in business and management research: a review of influential publications and a research agenda. International Journal of Management Reviews, 19(1), 4–30. CrossRef
Luthans, F. (2002a). The need for and meaning of positive organizational behavior. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 23(6), 695–706. CrossRef
Luthans, F. (2002b). Positive organizational behavior: developing and managing psychological strengths. The Academy of Management Executive, 16(1), 57–72.
Luthans, F., Avey, J. B., Avolio, B. J., Norman, S. M., & Combs, G. M. (2006). Psychological capital development: toward a micro-intervention. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 27(3), 387–393. CrossRef
Luthans, F., Avey, J. B., Avolio, B. J., & Peterson, S. J. (2010). The development and resulting performance impact of positive psychological capital. Human Resource Development Quarterly, 21(1), 41–67. CrossRef
Macko, A., & Tyszka, T. (2009). Entrepreneurship and risk taking. Applied Psychology, 58(3), 469–487. CrossRef
Mallak, L. (1998). Putting organizational resilience to work. INDUSTRIAL MANAGEMENT-CHICAGO THEN ATLANTA-, 8–13.
Marshall, J. (1993). Organisational cultures and women managers: exploring the dynamics of resilience. Applied Psychology, 42(4), 313–322. CrossRef
Masten, A. S. (2001). Ordinary magic: resilience processes in development. American Psychologist, 56(3), 227. CrossRef
Masten, A. S., Best, K. M., & Garmezy, N. (1990). Resilience and development: contributions from the study of children who overcome adversity. Development and Psychopathology, 2(4), 425–444. CrossRef
Mayson, S., & Barrett, R. (2006). The ‘science’and ‘practice’of HRM in small firms. Human Resource Management Review, 16(4), 447–455.
Meyer, A. D. (1982). Adapting to environmental jolts. Administrative and organizational effectiveness. Administrative Science Quarterly, 19(2), 31–46.
Morgeson, F. P., & Hofmann, D. A. (1999). The structure and function of collective constructs: implications for multilevel research and theory development. Academy of Management Review, 24(2), 249–265. CrossRef
Nunnally, J. (1978). Psychometric methods. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Pindado, J., & Requejo, I. (2015). Family business performance from a governance perspective: a review of empirical research. International Journal of Management Reviews, 17(3), 279–311. CrossRef
Podsakoff, P. M., MacKenzie, S. B., Lee, J. Y., & Podsakoff, N. P. (2003). Common method biases in behavioral research: a critical review of the literature and recommended remedies. Journal of Applied Psychology, 88(5), 879. CrossRef
Ponomarov, S. Y., & Holcomb, M. C. (2009). Understanding the concept of supply chain resilience. The international journal of logistics management, 20(1), 124–143. CrossRef
Powell, T. C. (1992). Organizational alignment as competitive advantage. Strategic Management Journal, 13(2), 119–134. CrossRef
Reinmoeller, P., & Van Baardwijk, N. (2005). The link between diversity and resilience. MIT Sloan Management Review, 46(4), 61.
Riolli, L., & Savicki, V. (2003). Information system organizational resilience. Omega, 31(3), 227–233. CrossRef
Robb, D. (2000). Building resilient organizations resilient organizations actively build and integrate performance and adaptive skills. OD Practitioner, 32(3), 27–32.
Rudolph, J. W., & Repenning, N. P. (2002). Disaster dynamics: understanding the role of quantity in organizational collapse. Administrative Science Quarterly, 47(1), 1–30. CrossRef
Santoro, G., Bertoldi, B., Giachino, C., & Candelo, E. (2018). Exploring the relationship between entrepreneurial resilience and success: the moderating role of stakeholders’ engagement. Journal of Business Research. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbusres.2018.11.052.
Santoro, G., Thrassou, A., Bresciani, S., & Del Giudice, M. (2019). Do knowledge management and dynamic capabilities affect ambidextrous entrepreneurial intensity and firms’ performance? IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management. https://doi.org/10.1109/TEM.2019.2907874.
Savino, T., Messeni Petruzzelli, A., & Albino, V. (2017). Teams and lead creators in cultural and creative industries: evidence from the Italian haute cuisine. Journal of Knowledge Management, 21(3), 607–622. CrossRef
Scuotto, V., Santoro, G., Bresciani, S., & Del Giudice, M. (2017). Shifting intra-and inter-organizational innovation processes towards digital business: an empirical analysis of SMEs. Creativity and Innovation Management, 26(3), 247–255. CrossRef
Sherif, K. (2006). An adaptive strategy for managing knowledge in organizations. Journal of Knowledge Management, 10(4), 72–80. CrossRef
Shin, J., Taylor, M. S., & Seo, M. G. (2012). Resources for change: the relationships of organizational inducements and psychological resilience to employees’ attitudes and behaviors toward organizational change. Academy of Management Journal, 55(3), 727–748. CrossRef
Simmie, J., & Martin, R. (2010). The economic resilience of regions: towards an evolutionary approach. Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society, 3(1), 27–43. CrossRef
Siemsen, E., Roth, A., & Oliveira, P. (2010). Common method bias in regression models with linear, quadratic, and interaction effects. Organizational Research Methods, 13(3), 456–476.
Sinclair, V. G., & Wallston, K. A. (2004). The development and psychometric evaluation of the brief resilient coping scale. Assessment, 11(1), 94–101. CrossRef
Somers, S. (2009). Measuring resilience potential: an adaptive strategy for organizational crisis planning. Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management, 17(1), 12–23. CrossRef
Staw, B. M., Sandelands, L. E., & Dutton, J. E. (1981). Threat rigidity effects in organizational behavior: a multilevel analysis. Administrative Science Quarterly, 501–524.
Stephenson, A., Vargo, J., & Seville, E. (2010). Measuring and comparing organisational resilience in Auckland. Australian Journal of Emergency Management, The, 25(2), 27.
Suppiah, V., & Singh Sandhu, M. (2011). Organisational culture’s influence on tacit knowledge-sharing behaviour. Journal of Knowledge Management, 15(3), 462–477. CrossRef
Sutcliffe, K. M., & Vogus, T. J. (2003). Organizing for resilience. Positive organizational scholarship: Foundations of a new discipline, 94–110.
Tedeschi, R. G., & Calhoun, L. G. (2004). Posttraumatic growth: conceptual foundations and empirical evidence. Psychological Inquiry, 15(1), 1–18. CrossRef
Teece, D. J., Pisano, G., & Shuen, A. (1997). Dynamic capabilities and strategic management. Strategic Management Journal, 509–533.
Ucbasaran, D., Westhead, P., & Wright, M. (2008). Opportunity identification and pursuit: does an entrepreneur’s human capital matter? Small Business Economics, 30(2), 153–173. CrossRef
Venkatraman, N. (1989). Strategic orientation of business enterprises: the construct, dimensionality, and measurement. Management Science, 35(8), 942–962. CrossRef
Vogus, T. J., & Sutcliffe, K. M. (2007). Organizational resilience: towards a theory and research agenda. In Systems, Man and Cybernetics, 2007. ISIC. IEEE International Conference on (pp. 3418-3422). IEEE.
Walker, B., Carpenter, S., Anderies, J., Abel, N., Cumming, G., Janssen, M., et al. (2002). Resilience management in social-ecological systems: a working hypothesis for a participatory approach. Conservation Ecology, 6(1).
Wall, T. D., Michie, J., Patterson, M., Wood, S. J., Sheehan, M., Clegg, C. W., & West, M. (2004). On the validity of subjective measures of company performance. Personnel Psychology, 57(1), 95–118. CrossRef
Westhead, P., Ucbasaran, D., Wright, M., & Binks, M. (2005). Novice, serial and portfolio entrepreneur behaviour and contributions. Small Business Economics, 25(2), 109–132. CrossRef
Westphal, M., & Bonanno, G. A. (2007). Posttraumatic growth and resilience to trauma: different sides of the same coin or different coins? Applied Psychology, 56(3), 417–427. CrossRef
Zellweger, T. M., & Nason, R. S. (2008). A stakeholder perspective on family firm performance. Family Business Review, 21(3), 203–216. CrossRef
Zhang, T., & Acs, Z. (2018). Age and entrepreneurship: nuances from entrepreneur types and generation effects. Small Business Economics, 51(4), 773–809. CrossRef
Zollo, M., & Winter, S. G. (2002). Deliberate learning and the evolution of dynamic capabilities. Organization Science, 13(3), 339–351. CrossRef
- Searching for resilience: the impact of employee-level and entrepreneur-level resilience on firm performance in small family firms
Manlio Del Giudice
- Springer US
Small Business Economics
An Entrepreneurship Journal
Print ISSN: 0921-898X
Elektronische ISSN: 1573-0913
Neuer Inhalt/© Stellmach, Neuer Inhalt/© Maturus, Pluta Logo/© Pluta