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For Stephen Ellis, who grows wheat, barley, corn, and soybeans on 4,200 acres along Chesapeake Bay in Virginia, questions about glyphosate’s safety and effectiveness are part of a broad risk-versus-reward ratio that he and other farmers must calculate as they confront the constant challenges Mother Nature brings.
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Stephen Ellis, in conversation with the author, January 2017.
Charlie Tebbutt, in conversation with the author, January 2017.
BCC Research, “Global Market for Pesticides to Reach $65.3 Billion in 2017,” press release, November 8, 2012, http://www.bccresearch.com/pressroom/chm/global-market-pesticides-reach-%2465.3-billion-2017.
Sara Mostafalou and Mohammad Abdollahi, “Pesticides and Human Chronic Diseases: Evidences, Mechanisms, and Perspectives,” Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology 268, no. 2 (April 15, 2013): 157–177, doi: 10.1016/j.taap.2013.01.025.
Maryse F. Bouchard et al., “Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder and Urinary Metabolites of Organophosphate Pesticides,” Pediatrics 125, no. 6 (June 2010): e1270–e1277, doi: 10.1542/peds.2009-3058.
Monsanto Company, “Monsanto CTO Robb Fraley Defines New Growth Layers for Company’s R&D Pipeline,” press release, May 23, 2012, http://news.monsanto.com/press-release/monsanto-cto-robb-fraley-defines-new-growth-layers-companys-rd-pipeline.
Jim Jones, in conversation with the author, April 2015.
John Leahy et al., “Biopesticide Oversight and Registration at the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency,” chap. 1 in Biopesticides: State of the Art and Future Opportunities, ed. Aaron Gross et al., ACS Symposium Series 1172 (Washington, DC: American Chemical Society, 2015), doi: 10.1021/bk-2014-1172.ch001, https://www.epa.gov/sites/production/files/2015-08/documents/biopesticide-oversight-chapter_0.pdf.
Matthew Wallenstein, in conversation with the author, February 2017.
Organic Trade Association, “Robust Organic Sector Stays on Upward Climb, Posts New Records in U.S. Sales,” press release, May 24, 2017, https://www.ota.com/news/press-releases/19681.
Mark Schonbeck, Diana Jerkins, and Joanna Ory, “Taking Stock: Analyzing and Reporting Organic Research Investments, 2002–2014,” Organic Farming Research Foundation, August 2016, http://ofrf.org/sites/ofrf.org/files/staff/ExecutiveSummary_V4.11_Web.pdf.
Rodale Institute, “The Farming Systems Trial: Celebrating 30 Years,” http://rodaleinstitute.org/assets/FSTbooklet.pdf.
Nafeez Ahmed, “UN: Only Small Farmers and Agroecology Can Feed the World,” Permaculture Research Institute, September 26, 2014, http://permaculturenews.org/2014/09/26/un-small-farmers-agroecology-can-feed-world/.
National Corn Growers Association, “U.S. Corn Ending Stocks, 1936– 2016,” http://www.worldofcorn.com/#us-corn-ending-stocks.
Greg Stegner, in conversation with the author, February 2017.
U.S. Government Accountability Office, “Food Safety: FDA and USDA Should Strengthen Pesticide Residue Monitoring Programs and Further Disclose Monitoring Limitations; Recommendations for Executive Action,” GAO-15-38, published October 7, 2014, publicly released November 6, 2014, http://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-15-38.
Jonathan Lundgren, in conversation with the author, January 2017.
- Seeking Solutions
- Island Press/Center for Resource Economics
- Chapter 12