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2020 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

8. Self-Reinforcement in Natural Rubber (NR): Template Crystallization

verfasst von: Shinzo Kohjiya, Atsushi Kato, Yuko Ikeda

Erschienen in: Reinforcement of Rubber

Verlag: Springer Singapore

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Abstract

Natural rubber (NR) is unique in its characteristics. The most notable among them is its self-reinforcing ability. Namely, it is not necessary to mix carbon black (CB) onto NR simply for mechanical strength. The use of CB on tire rubber is for controlling tack, wear or abrasion, and dynamic friction-related properties such as grip and traction. To explain the self-reinforcement of NR, strain-induced crystallization (SIC) has been reasonably assumed, and now, it is accepted widely. However, most researchers have adopted the traditional nucleation mechanism for SIC, even though SIC is due to fully extended network rubber chains. The extended chain formation upon elongation is a matter of necessity. In other words, nucleation is a stochastic process, while SIC is a deterministic process upon straining of NR vulcanizates. Thus, a new concept, template crystallization mechanism, is introduced here in order to rationally explain the SIC behaviors of NR vulcanizates. Template crystallization may be an important concept in ‘elastocaloric’ contractile process, which has been proposed for some functional applications of NR vulcanizates such as a shape memory device.
Fußnoten
1
This remark was originally published as Sect. I in the article appeared in KGK, October issue, 2017, pp. 38–39 (see, www.​kgk-rubberpoint.​de).
 
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Metadaten
Titel
Self-Reinforcement in Natural Rubber (NR): Template Crystallization
verfasst von
Shinzo Kohjiya
Atsushi Kato
Yuko Ikeda
Copyright-Jahr
2020
Verlag
Springer Singapore
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-15-3789-9_8

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