Skip to main content
main-content

Tipp

Weitere Kapitel dieses Buchs durch Wischen aufrufen

2021 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Settlement Problem of Streets and Light Structures in Bogotá

verfasst von: Marcela Salcedo, Luis F. Orozco

Erschienen in: Developments in Sustainable Geomaterials and Environmental Geotechnics

Verlag: Springer International Publishing

share
TEILEN

Abstract

Bogotá, the capital city of Colombia, is located on a large plain, known as the “SABANA”, 2600 m above sea level, on the eastern branch of the Andes mountains. The soils are of lacustrine and alluvial origin, mostly soft clays, several hundred meters thick. These were deposited during the last one million years (0.2 mm/year), over sedimentary rocks (from the cretaceous and early tertiary eras).
The upper 3 to 5 m are over consolidated due to desiccation and wetting; the water table fluctuates between 2- and 5-m below ground level. The clays below the topsoil suffer large volume changes due to water content changes. These movements, mostly consolidation but also sometimes expansion, result in a lot of damages to the infrastructure, and to light structures (houses and warehouses). Pavements suffer the most, with a lot of depressions that must be repaired (filled and repaved), with a large cost to the city; rarely do many roads last for the design period of asphalt pavement which is 10 years.
The paper explains the problem, how it works and some of the solutions implemented. It includes geotechnical characterization of the soils in the upper 5 m of the soil profile.
Literatur
1.
Zurück zum Zitat Infante, A.P., Ferro, F.S., Rojas, L.F.O., Quijano, M.S.: Tilting of large apartament building in Bogotá Colombia due to foundation failure and recuperation of its verticality. In: 4th Geochina International Conference, Shandong, China, 25–27 July 2016 Infante, A.P., Ferro, F.S., Rojas, L.F.O., Quijano, M.S.: Tilting of large apartament building in Bogotá Colombia due to foundation failure and recuperation of its verticality. In: 4th Geochina International Conference, Shandong, China, 25–27 July 2016
2.
Zurück zum Zitat Moreno, L.B.: Evaluación de Daños Producidos por Arboles Ornamentales en Pavimentos de la Zona Norte de Bogotá. Tercer Simposio Colombiano sobre Ingeniería de Pavimentos, Cartagena, Colombia, 22 octubre 1979 Moreno, L.B.: Evaluación de Daños Producidos por Arboles Ornamentales en Pavimentos de la Zona Norte de Bogotá. Tercer Simposio Colombiano sobre Ingeniería de Pavimentos, Cartagena, Colombia, 22 octubre 1979
3.
Zurück zum Zitat Caguasango, H.D.G.: Estudio De Afectación De Cimentaciones Debido A Raíces De Arboles Aledaños Usando GPR, 30 junio 2020 Caguasango, H.D.G.: Estudio De Afectación De Cimentaciones Debido A Raíces De Arboles Aledaños Usando GPR, 30 junio 2020
4.
Zurück zum Zitat Grupo Bermúdez & Asociados CIA S: Concepto técnico forestal - constructora las galias S.A. Agrupación de vivienda prados de la colina II, Agosto 2020 Grupo Bermúdez & Asociados CIA S: Concepto técnico forestal - constructora las galias S.A. Agrupación de vivienda prados de la colina II, Agosto 2020
Metadaten
Titel
Settlement Problem of Streets and Light Structures in Bogotá
verfasst von
Marcela Salcedo
Luis F. Orozco
Copyright-Jahr
2021
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-79647-1_7