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01.06.2015 | Original Article | Ausgabe 11/2015

Environmental Earth Sciences 11/2015

Short-term safety risk assessment of CO2 geological storage projects in deep saline aquifers using the Shenhua CCS Demonstration Project as a case study

Zeitschrift:
Environmental Earth Sciences > Ausgabe 11/2015
Autoren:
Yujie Diao, Senqi Zhang, Yongsheng Wang, Xufeng Li, Hong Cao

Abstract

Although CO2 geological storage has been recognized as an effective strategy to lower carbon emissions directly, there are no suitable guidelines for safety risk assessment of CO2 geological storage projects in deep saline aquifers in China and elsewhere. When CO2 is injected into deep saline aquifers, stratigraphic and structural trapping is the major basic mechanism controlling CO2 storage capacity and migration in reservoirs. Therefore, a safety risk assessment method is proposed in this paper using perspectives from hydrogeological and environmental geology. The uncertainties and risks consist of CO2 leakage, ground deformation, and induced earthquakes. Identifying and assessing potential risks are the first and most important step in the process of risk assessment. Based on the identification of risks of CO2 geological storage projects, we built an elementary risk evaluation index system in an analytic hierarchy process framework. Meanwhile, the possibility of occurrence and damage to the environment and public caused by CO2 leakage, ground deformation, and induced earthquakes was analyzed in detail, and current risk criteria were also summarized. Furthermore, using the Shenhua CO2 Capture and Storage Demonstration Project as a case study, we performed a risk identification and evaluation by using qualitative or semi-quantitative methods in sequence, as well as developing the related preliminary risk management measures. This method and case study for short-term safety risk assessment could provide a guideline for site selection, injection design, and monitoring of CO2 geological storage projects in deep saline aquifers.

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