In Chongqing City, the rapid growth of the economy has accompanied an increase of sulfur dioxide emissions from coal combustion, bringing about an expansion of acid rain affected areas and acidification of soil. Recently, we reported that coal-biomass briquettes so-called bio-briquettes (BB), which are produced from pulverized raw coal, biomass, and a sulfur fixation agent (Ca (OH)2) under 3 to 5 tons cm-2 pressure, have high sulfur-fixation efficiency. The BB ash contains nutritive substances such as Ca and Mg, and has a large acid-neutralizing capacity. Thus, in order to improve the acid soil in the Chongqing area, we analyzed the chemical composition of the original acid soil and the ash-amended soil, and investigated their leaching characteristics under simulated acid rain (SAR). It was found that plants and crops in Chongqing area would be injured if the present acid rain continues. We carried out a SAR leaching experiment and studeid the potential toxic effects of leachate from soil containing added ash. The results indicated that the contents of most toxic elements, with the sole exception of chromium, were below the environment standard for irrigation water. Because the BB ash was highly alkaline, the leaching aluminum (Al) species would be hydroxide rather than free Al3+ ion.
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- Simulated Acid Rain Leaching Characteristics of Acid Soil Amended with Bio-Briquette Combustion Ash
- Springer Netherlands