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Erschienen in:

16.09.2022

Simulation Investigation of Water Spray on Suppressing Lithium-Ion Battery Fires

verfasst von: Changwei Ji, Yangyi Liu, Pengfei Qi, Zhizu Zhang, Shouqin Zhang

Erschienen in: Fire Technology | Ausgabe 3/2023

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Abstract

The fire hazard resulting from the thermal runaway of lithium-ion batteries constitutes an severe threat for electric vehicles, and discovering an effective and prompt method for suppressing battery fire is still challenging. In this paper, a finite volume model for simulating the process of extinguishing lithium-ion battery fire was established, and the effect of water mist on suppressing battery fire was studied. It was found that the larger the droplet size, the greater the initial spray velocity, or the higher the nozzle height, the worse the fire extinguishing effect. The larger number of nozzles, the greater the spray flow, or the earlier the spray start time, the better the fire extinguishing effect. As the spray duration increased, the suppression effect at the center module gradually increased. When the water mist nozzle faced the center point of the module, the temperature rise was much lower than at other angles, and the fire extinguishing performance was the most effective.

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Metadaten
Titel
Simulation Investigation of Water Spray on Suppressing Lithium-Ion Battery Fires
verfasst von
Changwei Ji
Yangyi Liu
Pengfei Qi
Zhizu Zhang
Shouqin Zhang
Publikationsdatum
16.09.2022
Verlag
Springer US
Erschienen in
Fire Technology / Ausgabe 3/2023
Print ISSN: 0015-2684
Elektronische ISSN: 1572-8099
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10694-022-01302-6

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