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Über dieses Buch

This book explores categories of applications and driving factors surrounding the Smart City phenomenon. The contributing authors provide perspective on the Smart Cities, covering numerous applications and classes of applications. The book uses a top-down exploration of the driving factors in Smart Cities, by including focal areas including “Smart Healthcare,” “Public Safety & Policy Issues,” and “Science, Technology, & Innovation.” Contributors have direct and substantive experience with important aspects of Smart Cities and discuss issues with technologies & standards, roadblocks to implementation, innovations that create new opportunities, and other factors relevant to emerging Smart City infrastructures.

Features an exploration of Smart City issues and solutions from a variety of stakeholders in the evolving fieldPresents conversational, nuanced, and forward thinking perspectives on Smart Cities, their implications, limitations, obstacles, and opportunitiesIncludes contributions from industry insiders who have direct, relevant experience with their respective subjects as well as positioning and corporate stature

Inhaltsverzeichnis

Frontmatter

Smart Healthcare

Frontmatter

Personalizing Healthcare in Smart Cities

Abstract
Patient healthcare personalization provides new opportunities for health care systems in their pursuit of better patient outcomes and commitment to quality and safety. Much like the recent expansion of product customization, healthcare personalization has been expanding lately due to a variety of factors including technological advances that connect data, people, and systems. Much of the existing research has viewed service variability as something negative that must be controlled. However, customer variability in service needs provides an opportunity to deliver more value for patients through personalization of services. This chapter will examine patient healthcare personalization and the design of systems for service customization within smart cities. The chapter discusses patient healthcare personalization and service design, focusing on the concept of patient variability and the use of innovative computer and information science and engineering approaches to support the transformation of health and medicine.
Eduardo Pérez-Roman, Michelle Alvarado, Meredith Barrett

Creating an Equitable Smart City

Abstract
As smart technology becomes a pervasive part of our everyday lives—from what we wear to how we interact with our environment—cities have a big role to play in ensuring that it is applied to the public interest. While an ethical smart city seeks to create public awareness for issues ranging from the value of smart city solutions to privacy, it is critical that an equitable smart city ensures inclusion despite the different capabilities available to individual members of the city. This chapter covers thoughts and ideas on addressing the required inclusivity, the need for a minimum level of universal coverage, the ability to ensure commonality of understanding, and a means of providing a trusted service. Connectivity is a critical feature of the connected Smart City with significant discussions, so this topic is covered in greater detail.
Catherine Crago Blanton, Walt Trybula

Smart Responders for Smart Cities: A VR/AR Training Approach for Next Generation First Responders

Abstract
Cities are experiencing a phenomenal transformation in terms of data aggregation, management, and adoption of new technologies. The concept of the smart city has now become a real implementation and more cities are looking for new ways to improve their operational efficiencies, usage of data, and in general improve the quality of living. One of the most important areas of implementations of new technologies in modern cities is the training of first responders who hold a vital role for public safety. This book chapter presents a novel augmented and virtual reality (AR/VR) training framework that can be used by cities for the training of their EMTs. The main focus of the chapter is to present a specialized use case which is related to the training of EMT of ambulance bus (AmBus) of the city of Austin. It is found that the proposed AR/VR platform helps improve cognitive and physical memory resulting in 40% increase of the training efficiency.
George Koutitas, Scott Smith, Grayson Lawrence, Keith Noble

Public Safety and Policy Issues

Frontmatter

Smart Transport

Abstract
Smart transportation is a vital piece of the smart city. This chapter discusses the importance of smart transportation in the safety, mobility, and environmental impacts on the smart city. It covers some of the important applications and technologies that make up a smart transportation system along with the standardization activities and issues surrounding this area.
Michael Brown

Smart City Automation, Securing the Future

Abstract
Technology’s continuous expansion, both productive and criminal, into every part of life, will not spare the smart city. This chapter delves into how to secure the information communication systems of the smart city using transportation and the evolution of the automobile as an example. The chapter begins by describing the various ways that technology has integrated itself into the changing smart city and its transportation sector. We then identify the various trust issues and vulnerabilities these technologies present using the automobile as a specific example. Finally, we provide a variety of security methods used in part to protect transportation and smart city communications.
Adam Cason, David Wierschem

Smart Cities Applications of Blockchain

Abstract
Blockchain technology has grown tremendously in popularity since cryptocurrencies proved its scalable adoption. The underlying construct of a fully decentralized, distributed ledger has significant implications for Smart City use cases. This article posits applications of blockchains in these smart city environments and discusses some of the benefits and the costs incurred when delivering enabling capabilities for these future realities. We begin with a brief technical description of blockchain, and its history in cryptocurrencies and smart contracts. Following this introduction, the reader will delve into the benefits of applying blockchain technology to areas which include smart microgrids for next generation power distribution and future ridesharing markets enabled by autonomous vehicles. Finally, the article considers the impact of disruption to existing means for providing these services, and some of the societal benefits that could be realized after these capabilities are generally available.
Joe Moorman, Michael Stricklen

Science, Technology, and Innovation

Frontmatter

The Evolving 5G Landscape

Abstract
5G is the next generation of cellular wireless networking and is the first software-defined end-to-end mobile network architecture. The 5G standard is based on a New Radio (NR) specification operating over a broad range of existing and new spectrum including millimeter wave (mmWave) and disruptive technologies including virtualization, Software-Defined Networking (SDN), and Network Function Virtualization (NFV). The migration from the traditional service provider core architecture to a decentralized and disaggregated edge compute model will accelerate a global digital transformation to deliver and enable the performance, scalability, reliability, availability, and network agility required for diverse workloads such as massive mobile broadband, latency-sensitive applications, and massive machine type communication for Internet of Things (IoT) devices.
The transition to 5G will drive significant changes across vertical segments, delivering rich services, machine learning and artificial intelligence (ML/AI), rich multimedia delivery, and augmented/virtual reality applications (AR/VR). It will enable new operations, business, and technology innovations for all aspects of society.
Liam Quinn

Architecting IOT for Smart Cities

Abstract
This chapter focuses on architectural and functional capabilities that are required for a smart city initiative. An overview of the recommended architecture and implementation technology choices, typical constraints in implementations, terminology, and technology principles are highlighted. These are applicable at various intersections, whether they develop custom solutions or standardized solutions using open, federated platforms and/or commercial platforms.
Achamkulamgara Arun

Measuring Innovation: Tracking the Growth of Smart City Ideas

Abstract
From developing a long-term strategy to dealing with an immediate distraction, appropriate management of intellectual property maximizes gain and minimizes risk. Evaluating new ideas, optimizing product innovation pipeline, forecasting staffing and skill sets, and prioritizing markets are key areas of innovation in the Smart City space.
Steve Pearson

Backmatter

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