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Zhang & Jiang contribute equally to this study.
Empirical evidence regarding the relationship between social capital and health in China is relatively limited. This study aims to examine the impact of different types of social capital, including bonding, bridging and linking capitals, on physical, mental and general health of Chinese residents. 2985 cases from the Chinese General Social Survey 2010 were selected and hierarchical linear model analysis was performed. We found that at the individual level, bonding and bridging social capitals were positively associated with mental health in rural, urban and global China, but with general health in urban and global China only; linking social capital, which was measured by political participation and political efficacy in China for the first time, had significant positive impact on mental health in rural, urban and global China. At the county level, bonding social capital could only improve physical and general health in rural and global China, while bridging social capital would damage mental health in urban and global China. Furthermore, bridging social capital showed a passive cross-level interaction effect on physical health in urban and global China, and general health in global China. Our results also suggest that in order to exert positive impacts of social capital on health, efforts should be made to cultivate specific social capital in specific place and to promote equal distribution of related resources countrywide.
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- Social Capital and Health in China: Evidence from the Chinese General Social Survey 2010
- Springer Netherlands
Social Indicators Research
An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement
Print ISSN: 0303-8300
Elektronische ISSN: 1573-0921
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