Weitere Artikel dieser Ausgabe durch Wischen aufrufen
This paper explores the relationship between social capital and happiness both in Europe as a whole, as well as in its four main geographical macro-regions—North, South, East and West—separately. We test the hypothesis of whether social capital, in its three-fold definition established by Coleman (Am J Sociol 94:S95–S120 1988)—trust, social interaction, and norms and sanctions—influences individual happiness across European countries and regions. The concept of social capital is further enriched by incorporating Putnam (Making democracy work—civic traditions in modern Italy. Princeton University Press, Princeton, 1993) and Olson (The rise and decline of nations—economic growth, stagflation, and social rigidities. Yale University Press, New Haven and London, 1982) type variables on associational activity. Using ordinal logistic regression analysis on data for 48,583 individuals from 25 European countries, we reach three main findings. First, social capital matters for happiness across the three dimensions considered. Second, the main drivers of the effects of social capital on happiness appear to be informal social interaction and general social, as well as institutional trust. And third, there are significant differences in how social capital interacts with happiness across different areas of Europe, with the connection being at is weakest in the Nordic countries.
Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten
Sie möchten Zugang zu diesem Inhalt erhalten? Dann informieren Sie sich jetzt über unsere Produkte:
Alesina, A., DiTella, R., & MacCulloch, R. (2004). Inequality and happiness: Are Europeans and Americans different? Journal of Public Economics, 88, 2042–2209. CrossRef
Almond, G., & Verba, S. (1963). The civic culture: Political attitudes and democracy in five nations. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Bartolini, S., Bilancini, E. & Pugno, M. (2008). Did the decline in social capital depress Americans’ Happiness? Quaderni del Dipartimento di Economia Politica, Università Degli Studi Di Siena.
Becchetti, L., Pelloni, A., & Rossetti, F. (2008). Relational goods, sociability, and happiness. Kyklos, 61, 343–363. CrossRef
Bjørnskov, C. (2003). The happy few: Cross-country evidence on social capital and life satisfaction. Kyklos, 56(1), 3–16. CrossRef
Bjørnskov, C. (2006). The multiple facets of social capital. Journal of Political Economy, 22, 22–40. CrossRef
Bjørnskov, C. (2008). Social capital and happiness in the United States. Applied Research Quality Life, 3(1), 43–62. CrossRef
Blanchflower, D., & Oswald, A. (2004). Well-being over time in Britain and the USA. Journal of Public Economics, 88, 1359–1386. CrossRef
Clark, A., & Oswald, A. (1994). Unhappiness and unemployment. The Economic Journal, 104(424), 648–659. CrossRef
Clark, A., & Oswald, A. (1996). Satisfaction and comparison income. Journal of Public Economics, 61(3), 359–381. CrossRef
Coleman, J. (1988). Social capital in the creation of human capital. American Journal of Sociology, 94, S95–S120. CrossRef
Cooper, B., Funk, P., & Garcia-Peñalosa, C. (2001). Status effects and negative utility growth. The Economic Journal, 111, 642–665. CrossRef
Den Butter, F. & Mosch, R. (2004). Externalities of social capital: The role of values, norms and networks. Tinbergen Institute and Vrije Universiteit Working Paper, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, Amsterdam.
Diener, E., Diener, M., & Diener, C. (1995). Factors predicting the subjective well-being of nations. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 69(5), 851–864. CrossRef
DiTella, R., MacCulloch, R., & Oswald, A. (2001). Preferences over inflation and unemployment. Evidence from surveys of happiness. The American economic review, 91(1), 335–341. CrossRef
Easterlin, R. (1974). Does economic growth improve the human lot? Some empirical evidence. In P. David & M. Reder (Eds.), Nations and households in economic growth: Essays in Honor of Moses Abramowitz (pp. 89–125). New York: Academic Press.
Easterlin, R. (1995). Will raising the incomes of all increase the happiness of all? Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, 27(1), 35–48. CrossRef
Easterlin, R. (2001). Income and happiness: Towards a unified theory. Economic Journal, 111, 465–484. CrossRef
ESS Round 3: European Social Survey Round 3 Data (2006). Data file edition 3.3. Norwegian Social Science Data Services, Norway—Data Archive and distributor of ESS data. http://ess.nsd.uib.no/ess/round3, accessed: 13.02.2011.
ESS Round 4: European Social Survey Round 4 Data (2008). Data file edition 4.0. Norwegian Social Science Data Services, Norway—Data Archive and distributor of ESS data. http://ess.nsd.uib.no/ess/round4, accessed: 23.02.2011.
Eurostat (2011). http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/portal/page/portal/statistics/search_database accessed: 12.04.2011.
Ferrer-i-Carbonell, A., & Frijters, P. (2004). How important is methodology for the estimates of the determinants of happiness. Economic Journal, 114, 641–659. CrossRef
Frank, R. H. (1985). Choosing the right pond. New York: Oxford University Press.
Frey, B., & Stutzer, A. (2000). Happiness, economy and institutions. The Economic Journal, 110, 918–938. CrossRef
Frey, B., & Stutzer, A. (2002). Happiness and Economics—how the economy and institutions affect well-being. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Gerdtham, U. G., & Johannesson, M. (2001). The relationship between happiness, health and socio-economic factors: results based on Swedish micro data. Journal of Socio-Economics, 30(6), 553–557. CrossRef
Haller, M., & Hadler, M. (2006). How social relations and structures can produce happiness and unhappiness: An international comparative analysis. Social Indicators Research, 75, 169–216. CrossRef
Hayo, B. (2004). Happiness in Eastern Europe. Philipps- Univsersität Marburg Working Papers on Economics No. 12/2004, Department of Economics, Marburg.
Hayo, B., & Seifert, W. (2003). Subjective well-being in Eastern Europe. Journal of Economic Psychology, 24, 329–348. CrossRef
Helliwell, J. (2001). Social capital, the economy and well-being. Review of Economic Performance and Social Progress, 1, 43–60.
Helliwell, J. (2003). How’s life? Combining individual and national variables to explain subjective well-being. Economic Modelling, 20, 331–360. CrossRef
Helliwell, J. and Putnam R. (2004). The social context of well-being. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society London B., vol. 359, pp. 1435–1446.
Helliwell, J. (2006). Well-being, social capital and public policy: What’s new? The Economic Journal, 116, C34–C45. CrossRef
Helliwell, J., Barrington-Leigh, C., Harris, A. and Huang, H. (2009). International evidence on the social context of well-being, NBER Working Papers, Working Paper N° 14720, National Bureau of Economic Research.
Helliwell, J. and Barrington-Leigh, C. (2010). How much is social capital worth? NBER working papers, Working Paper N° 16025, National Bureau of Economic Research.
Helliwell, J., & Wang, S. (2011). Trust and well-being. International Journal of Well-being, 1(1), 42–78.
Hudson, J. (2006). Institutional trust and subjective well-being across the EU. Kyklos, 59(1), 43–62. CrossRef
Keefer, Ph., & Knack, S. (1997). Does social capital have an economic payoff? A cross country investigation. Quarterly Journal of Economics, 112(4), 1251–1288. CrossRef
Knack, S. (2003). Groups, growth and trust: Cross-country evidence on the Olson and Putnam Hypotheses. Public Choice, 117, 341–355. CrossRef
Layard, R. (2005). Happiness: Lessons from a new science. London: Penguin Press.
Lelkes, O. (2006). Knowing what is good for you. Empirical analysis of personal preferences and the “objective good”. The Journal of Socio-Economics, 35, 285–307. CrossRef
Leung, A., Kier, C., Fung, T., Fung, L. and Sproule, R. (2010). Searching for Happiness: The Importance of Social Capital. Journal of Happiness Studies, doi: 10.1007/s10902-010-9208-8.
Loury, G. (1977). A dynamic theory of racial income differences. In P. A. Wallace & A. LeMund (Eds.), Woman, minorities, and employment discrimination. Lexington, Mass: Lexington Books.
Mayo, J., & Tinsley, C. (2009). Warm glow and charitable giving: Why the wealthy do not give more to charity? Journal of Economic Psychology, 30, 490–499. CrossRef
Napier, J., & Jost, J. (2008). Why are conservatives happier than liberals? Psychological Science, 19(6), 565–572. CrossRef
North, D. (1990). Institutions, institutional change and economic performance. New York: Cambridge University Press. CrossRef
Olson, M. (1982). The rise and decline of nations—economic growth, stagflation, and social rigidities. New Haven and London: Yale University Press.
Oswald, A. (1997). Happiness and economic performance. Economic Journal Royal Economic Society, 107(445), 1815–1831.
Paldam, M. (2001). Social capital: one or many? Definition and measurement. Journal of Economic Perspectives, 14, 629–653.
Parissaki, M. And., & Humphreys, E. (2005). Regional social capital in Europe. Dublin: European foundation for the improvement of living and working conditions.
Paxton, P. (1999). Is social capital declining in the United States? A multiple indicator assessment. American Journal of Sociology, 105, 88–127. CrossRef
Pichler, F. (2006). Subjective quality of life of young europeans. Feeling happy but who knows why? Social Indicators Research, 75, 419–444. CrossRef
Pollner, M. (1989). Divine relations, social relations, and well-being. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 30, 92–104. CrossRef
Powdthavee, N. (2009). Putting a price tag on friends, relatives, and neighbours: Using surveys of life satisfaction to value social relationships. The Journal of Socio-Economics, 37(4), 1459–1480. CrossRef
Putnam, R. (1993). Making democracy work—civic traditions in modern Italy. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Putnam, R. (2000). Bowling alone—the collapse and revival of American Community. New York: Simon & Schuster.
Ram, R. (2010). Social capital and happiness: Additional cross-country evidence. Journal of Happiness Studies, 11, 409–418. CrossRef
Rodríguez-Pose, A., & Maslauskaite, K. (2012). Can policy make us happier? Individual characteristics, socio-economic factors and life satisfaction in Central and Eastern Europe. Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society, 5(1), 77–96. CrossRef
Rodrik, D. (1998). Where did all the growth go? External shocks, social conflict, and growth collapses. NBER Working Paper No. 6350, National Bureau of Economic Research, Cambridge.
Smelser, N., & Swedberg, R. (Eds.). (1994). The handbook of economic sociology. Princeton and Oxford: Princeton University Press.
Uslaner, E. (2002). The moral foundations of trust. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
van Oorschot, W., Arts, W., & Gelissen, J. (2006). Social capital in Europe: Measurement and social and regional distribution of a multifaceted phenomenon. Acta Sociologica, 49(2), 149–167. CrossRef
Winkelmann, R. (2009). Unemployment, social capital, and subjective well-being. Journal of Happiness Studies, 10(4), 421–430. CrossRef
Woolcock, M. (1998). Social capital and economic development: Toward a theoretical synthesis and policy framework. Theory and Society, 27, 151–208. CrossRef
Woolcock, M., & Narayan, D. (2000). Social capital: Implications for development theory, research, and policy. World Bank Research Observer, 15(2), 1–49. CrossRef
Zak, P., & Knack, S. (2001). Trust and growth. The Economic Journal, 111, 295–321. CrossRef
- Social Capital and Individual Happiness in Europe
Viola von Berlepsch
- Springer Netherlands