Weitere Kapitel dieses Buchs durch Wischen aufrufen
This chapter explains the importance of social capital for society, management and entrepreneurship. It emphasises the scholarly importance of social capital in the fields of social science, economics, health, arts and humanities. There is a large and robust body of research that addresses three main views pertaining to social capital: communitarian; networks; and institutions. The communitarian view reflects social cohesion amongst and between members in a group and moral behaviours. The networks view refers to different social ties available to individuals and associated norms that promote access to resources. The institutional view represents social capital as an outcome of institutions, democracy and rule of law. Furthermore, the chapter proceeds to explain the relevance of three social capital dimensions in management and entrepreneurial social capital research-namely, structural (bonding, bridging), relational (trust, reciprocity and norms) and cognitive (communication). It also illuminates the complex linkage between bonding and bridging network structures and dynamics of relational and cognitive features.
Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten
Sie möchten Zugang zu diesem Inhalt erhalten? Dann informieren Sie sich jetzt über unsere Produkte:
Aalbers, R., & Dolfsma, W. (2015a). Innovation networks: Managing the networked organization. London/New York: Routledge.
Aalbers, R., & Dolfsma, W. (2015b). Bridging-firm internal unit boundaries for innovation: Communication orientation and brokering roles. Journal of Engineering and Technology Management, 36, 97–115. CrossRef
Adler, P. (2001). Market, hierarchy, and trust: The knowledge economy and the future of capitalism. Organization Science, 12, 215–234. CrossRef
Adler, P., & Kwon, S. (2002). Social capital: Prospects for a new concept. Academy of Management Review, 27, 17–40.
Adler, P., Kwon, S. W., & Heckscher, C. (2008). Professional work: The emergence of collaborative economy. Organization Science, 19, 359–376. CrossRef
Agndal, H., Chetty, S., & Wilson, H. (2008). Social capital dynamics and foreign market entry. International Business Review, 17, 663–675. CrossRef
Ahuja, G. (2000). Collaboration networks, structural holes and innovation. Administrative Science Quarterly, 5, 425–455. CrossRef
Ahuja, M. K., & Carly, K. M. (1999). Network structure in virtual organizations. Organization Science, 10, 741–757. CrossRef
Akcapar, S. K. (2010). Re-thinking migrants’ networks and social capital: A case study of Iranians in Turkey. International Migration, 48, 161–196. CrossRef
Aldrich, D. P. (2011). The externalities of social capital: Post-tsunami recovery in Southeast India. Journal of Civil Society, 8, 81–99. CrossRef
Allen, R. (2009). Benefit or burden? Social capital, gender, and the economic adaptation of refugees. International Migration Review, 43, 332–365. CrossRef
Anderson, A. R., & Jack, S. L. (2002). The articulation of social capital in entrepreneurial networks: A glue or a lubricant? Entrepreneurship & Regional Development, 14, 193–210. CrossRef
Anderson, A., & Miller, C. (2003). Class matters: Human and social capital in the entrepreneurial process. Journal of Socio-Economics, 32, 17–36. CrossRef
Anderson, A., Park, J., & Jack, S. (2007). Entrepreneurial social capital: Conceptualizing social capital in new high-tech firms. International Small Business Journal, 25, 245–272. CrossRef
Anthias, F. (2007). Ethnic ties: Social capital and the question of mobilisability. Sociological Review, 55, 788–805. CrossRef
Araujo, L., & Easton, G. (2012). Temporality in business networks: The role of narratives and management technologies. Industrial Marketing Management, 41, 312–318. CrossRef
Arenius, P., & DeClercq, D. (2005). A network-based approach on opportunity recognition. Small Business Economics, 24, 249–265. CrossRef
Arregle, J. L., Hitt, M. A., Sirmon, D. G., & Very, P. (2007). The development of organizational social capital: Attributes of family firms. Journal of Management Studies, 44, 73–95. CrossRef
Audretsch, D., Aldridge, T., & Sanders, M. (2011). Social capital building and new business formation: A case study in Silicon Valley. International Small Business Journal, 29, 152–169. CrossRef
Balderrama, R., & Molina II, H. (2009). How good are networks for migrant job seekers? Ethnographic evidence from North Carolina farm labor camps. Sociological Inquiry, 79, 190–218. CrossRef
BarNir, A., & Smith, K. A. (2002). Interfirm alliances in the small business: The role of social networks. Journal of Small Business Management, 40, 219–232. CrossRef
Batjargal, B. (2003). Social capital and entrepreneurial performance in Russia: A longitudinal study. Organization Studies, 24, 535–556. CrossRef
Batjargal, B. (2006). The dynamics of entrepreneurs networks in a transitioning economy: The case of Russia. Entrepreneurship and Regional Development, 18, 305–320. CrossRef
Batjargal, B. (2007). Internet entrepreneurship: Social capital, human capital, and performance of Internet ventures in China. Research Policy, 36, 605–618. CrossRef
Bauernschuster, S., Falck, O., & Heblich, S. (2010). Social capital access and entrepreneurship. Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, 76, 821–833. CrossRef
Bechky, B. A., & Okhuysen, G. A. (2011). Expecting the unexpected? How SWAT officers and film crews handle surprises. Academy of Management Journal, 54, 239–262. CrossRef
Bernardes, E. (2010). The effect of supply management on aspects of social capital and the impact on performance: A social network perspective. Journal of Supply Chain Management, 46, 45–55. CrossRef
Beugelsdijk, S., & Schaik, T. V. (2005). Differences in social capital between 54 western European regions. Regional Studies, 39, 1053–1064. CrossRef
Bhagavatula, S., Elfring, T., van Tilburg, A., & van de Bunt, G. (2010). How social and human capital influence opportunity recognition and resource mobilization in India. Journal of Business Venturing, 25, 245–260. CrossRef
Blackburn, R., & Ram, M. (2006). Fix or fixation? The contributions and limitations of entrepreneurship and small firms to combating social exclusion. Entrepreneurship and Regional Development, 18, 73–89. CrossRef
Blanchard, A. (2004). The effects of dispersed virtual communities on face-to-face social capital. In M. Huysman & W. Wulf (eds.), Social Capital and Information Technology. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Blanchard, A. L., & Horan, T. (1998). Virtual communities and social capital. Social Science Computer Review, 16, 293–307. CrossRef
Blanco, H., & Campbell, T. (2006). Social capital of cities: Emerging g networks of horizontal assistance. Technology in Society, 28, 169–181. CrossRef
Borgatti, S. P., & Foster, P. C. (2003). The network paradigm in organizational research: A review and typology. Journal of Management, 29, 991–1013. CrossRef
Borgatti, S. P., & Halgin, D. S. (2011). On network theory. Organization Science, 22, 1168–1181. CrossRef
Bouma, J. A., Bulte, E., & van Soest, D. (2008). Trust and cooperation: Social capital and community resource management. Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, 56, 155–166. CrossRef
Bourdieu, P. (1986). The forms of capital. In J. Richardson (ed.), Handbook of theory and research for the sociology of education. New York: Greenwood.
Bowey, J. L., & Easton, G. (2007). Entrepreneurial social capital unplugged: An activity-based analysis. International Small Business Journal, 25(3), 273–303. CrossRef
Brass, D. J., Galskiewicz, J., Greve, H. R., & Tsai, W. (2004). Taking stock of networks and organizations: A multilevel perspective. Academy of Management Journal, 47, 795–817. CrossRef
Bresnen, M., Edelman, L., Newell, S., Scarborough, H., & Swan, J. (2005). Exploring social capital in the construction firm. Building Research & Information, 33, 253–244.
Brett, J. M., Shapiro, D. L., & Lytle, A. L. (1998). Breaking the bonds of reciprocity in negotiations. Academy of Management Journal, 41, 410–424. CrossRef
Brown, D., & Konrad, A. (2001a). Granovetter was right: The importance of weak ties to a contemporary job search. Group and Organization Management, 26, 434–462. CrossRef
Brown, D., & Konrad, A. (2001b). Job-seeking in a turbulent economy: Social networks and the importance and of cross-industry ties to an industry change. Human Relations, 54, 1015–1044. CrossRef
Burt, R., & Merluzzi, J. (2014). Embedded brokerage: Hubs versus locals. Research in the Sociology of Organizations, 40, 161–177. CrossRef
Burt, R. S. (1997). The contingent value of social capital. Administrative Science Quarterly, 42, 339–365. CrossRef
Burt, R. S., Hogarth, R. M., & Michaud, C. (2000). The social capital of French and American managers. Organization Science, 11, 123–147. CrossRef
Butler, B., & Purchase, S. (2008). Use of social capital among Russian managers of a new generation. Industrial Marketing Management, 37, 531–538. CrossRef
Callois, J. M., & Aubert, F. (2007). Towards indicators of social capital for regional development issues: The case of French rural areas. Regional Studies, 41, 809–821. CrossRef
Camps, S., & Marques, P. (2014). Exploring how social capital facilitates innovation: The role of innovation enablers. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 88, 325–348. CrossRef
Canas, R., Martinez, F. J., & Palomino, P. (2012). Knowledge acquisition’s mediation of social capital-firm innovation. Journal of Knowledge Management, 16, 61–76. CrossRef
Capaldo, A. (2007). Network structure and innovation: The leveraging of a dual network as a distinctive relational capability. Strategic Management Journal, 28, 585–608. CrossRef
Cappelli, P. (2004). Why do employers retrain at-risk workers? The role of social capital. Industrial Relations, 43, 421–447.
Carmeli, A. (2007). Social capital, psychological safety and learning behaviours from failure in organisations. Long Range Planning, 40, 30–44. CrossRef
Carrasco, J., & Miller, E. (2009). The social dimension in action: A multilevel, personal networks model of social activity between individuals. Transportation Research A, 43, 90–104.
Carroll, G. R., & Teo, A. C. (1996). Social networks of managers. The Academy of Management Journal, 39, 421–440. CrossRef
Carter, N. M., Brush, C. G., Greene, P. G., Gatewood, E., & Hart, M. M. (2003). Women entrepreneurs who break through to equity financing: The influence of human, social and financial capital. Venture Capital, 5, 1–28. CrossRef
Casson, M., & Della Giusta, M. (2007). Entrepreneurship and social capital: Analysing the impact of social networks on entrepreneurial activity from a rational action perspective. International Small Business Journal, 25(3), 220–242. CrossRef
Castells, M. (2009). Communication power. Oxford/New York: Oxford University Press.
Castro, G. M., Delgado-Verde, M., Navas-Lopez, J. E., & Gonzalez, J. (2013). The moderating role of innovation culture in the relationship between knowledge assets and product innovation. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 80, 351–363. CrossRef
Cattell, V. (2001). Poor people, poor places, and poor health: The mediating role of social networks and social capital. Social Science and Medicine, 52, 1501 —16. CrossRef
Chai, S. K., & Rhee, M. (2010). Confucian capitalism and the paradox of closure and structural holes in East Asian firms. Management and Organizational Review, 6, 5–29. CrossRef
Chai, K. H., Yap, C. M., & Wang, X. (2011). Network closure’s impact on firms’ competitive advantage: The mediating roles of knowledge processes. Journal of Engineering and Technology Management, 28, 2–22. CrossRef
Chamlee Wright, E., & Storr, V. (2011). Social capital as collective narratives and post-disaster community recovery. Sociological Review, 59, 266–282. CrossRef
Chen, M. H., Chang, Y. H., & Hung, S. H. (2008). Social capital and creativity in R and D project teams. R&D Management, 38, 21–34. CrossRef
Cheng, M. Y., & Mittelhammer, R. (2008). Globalization and economic development: Impact of social capital and institutional building. American Journal of Economics and Sociology, 67, 859–888. CrossRef
Chewar, C. M., McCrickard, S., & Carroll, J. M. (2005). Analyzing the social capital value chain in community network interfaces. Internet Research, 15, 262–280. CrossRef
Chiu, C. M., Hsu, M. H., & Wang, E. T. (2006). Understanding knowledge sharing in virtual communities: An integration of social capital and social cognitive theories. Decision Support Systems, 42, 1872–1888. CrossRef
Choi, S. M., Kim, Y., Sung, Y., & Sohn, D. (2011). Bridging or bonding. Information, Communication & Society, 14, 107–129. CrossRef
Chou, K. L., & Chow, N. (2009). The roles of human capital and social capital in the economic integration of new arrivals from Mainland China to Hong Kong. Habitat International, 33, 340–346. CrossRef
Chou, T. C., Chen, J. R., & Pan, S. L. (2006). The impacts of social capital on information technology outsourcing decisions: A case study of a Taiwanese high-tech firm. International Journal of Information Management, 26, 249–256. CrossRef
Chua, A. (2002). The influence of social interaction on knowledge creation. Journal of Intellectual Capital, 3, 375–392. CrossRef
Coffe, H. (2009). Social capital and community heterogeneity. Social Indicators Research, 91, 155–170. CrossRef
Cohen, S. S., & Fields, G. (1999). Social capital and capital gains in silicon valley. California Management Review, 41, 108–130. CrossRef
Cohen, D., & Prusak, L. (2001). In good company: How social capital makes organizations work. Boston, MA: Harvard Business School Press.
Coleman, J. S. (1988). Social capital in the creation of human capital. The American Journal of Sociology: Supplement, Organizations and Institutions: Sociological and Economic Approaches to the Analysis of Social Structure, 94, 95–120.
Cooke, P., Clifton, N., & Oleaga, M. (2005). Social capital, firm embeddedness and regional development. Regional Studies, 39, 1065–1077. CrossRef
Cornelius, N., & Wallace, J. (2011). Cross-sector partnerships: City regeneration and social justice. Journal of Business Ethics, 94, 71–84. CrossRef
Cotton, R. D., Shen, Y., & Livne-Tarandach, R. (2011). On becoming extraordinary: The content and structure of the developmental networks of major league baseball hall of famers. Academy of Management Journal, 54, 15–46. CrossRef
Coviello, N. (2007). The network dynamics of international new ventures. Journal of International Business Studies, 37, 713–731. CrossRef
Crossley, N. (2007). Social networks and student activism: On the politicising effect of campus connections. The Sociological Review, 56, 18–38. CrossRef
Cuff, E. C., Sharrock, W. W., & Francis, D. W. (1998). Perspectives in sociology. New York: Routledge.
Dahlander, L., & Frederiksen, L. (2012). The core and cosmopolitans: A relational view of innovation in user communities. Organization Science, 23, 988–1007. CrossRef
Dakhli, M., & De Clercq, D. (2004). Human capital, social capital, and innovation: A multi-country study. Entrepreneurship and Regional Development, 16, 107–128. CrossRef
Daly, M., & Silver, H. (2008). Social exclusion and social capital: A comparison and critique. Theory and Society, 37, 537–566. CrossRef
Dana, L. P., & Light, I. (2011). Two forms of community entrepreneurship in Finland: Are there differences between Finnish and Sami reindeer husbandry entrepreneurs? Entrepreneurship and Regional Development, 23, 331–352. CrossRef
Dasgupta, P. (2000). Economic progress and the idea of social capital. In P. Dasgupta & I. Serageldin (eds.), Social capital: A multifaceted perspective. Washington, D.C.: World Bank.
Daspit, J. J., & Long, R. G. (2014). Mitigating moral hazard in entrepreneurial networks: Examining structural and relational social capital in East Africa. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 38, 1343–1350.
Davenport, S., & Daellenbach, U. (2011). Belonging to a virtual research centre: Exploring the influence of social capital formation processes on member identification in a virtual organization. British Journal of Management, 22, 54–76. CrossRef
Davidsson, P., & Honig, B. (2003). The role of social and human capital among nascent entrepreneurs. Journal of Business Venturing, 18, 301–331. CrossRef
Dawkins, C. J. (2008). Reflections on diversity and social capital: A critique of Robert D. Putnam’s ‘E Pluribus Unum: Diversity and community in the twenty-first century the 2006 Johan Skytte prize lecture. Housing Policy Debate, 19, 208–217. CrossRef
de Tocqueville, A. (1835). Democracy in America – Historical-critical edition of De la democratie en Amerique. Indianapolis: 2010 by Liberty Fund, Inc.
Deakins, D., Ishaq, M., Smallbone, D., Whittam, G., & Wyper, J. (2007). Ethnic minority businesses in Scotland and the role of social capital. International Small Business Journal, 25, 307–324. CrossRef
DeCarolis, D. M., & Saparito, P. (2006). Social capital, cognition, and entrepreneurial opportunities: A theoretical framework. Entrepreneurship: Theory and Practice, 30, 41–56.
DeCarolis, D. M., Litzky, B. E., & Eddleston, K. A. (2009). Why networks enhance the progress of new venture creation: The influence of social capital and cognition. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 33, 527–545. CrossRef
DeClercq, D., & Honig, B. (2011). Entrepreneurship as an integrating mechanism for disadvantaged persons. Entrepreneurship and Regional Development, 23, 353–372. CrossRef
DeFilippis, J. (2001). The Myth of social capital in community development. Housing Policy Debate, 12, 781–806. CrossRef
DeFillippi, R. J., Arthur, M. B., & Lindsay, V. J. (2006). Knowledge at work – Creative collaboration in the global economy. MA and Oxford: Blackwell.
DeSouza Briggs, X. (2003). Bridging networks, social capital, and racial segregation in America. John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University (Working Paper January 2003).
deVroome, T., & van Tubergen, F. (2010). The employment experience of refugees in the Netherlands. International Migration Review, 44, 376–403. CrossRef
Dhanaraj, C., & Parkhe, A. (2006). Orchestrating innovation networks. Academy of Management Review, 31, 659–669. CrossRef
Doh, S., & Acs, Z. (2010). Innovation and social capital: A cross-country investigation. Industry and Innovation, 17, 241–262. CrossRef
Dolfsma, W., van der Eijk, R., & Jolink, A. (2008). On a source of social capital: Gift exchange. Journal of Business Ethics, 89, 315–329. CrossRef
Drakopoulou Dodd, S., & Keles, J. (2014). Expanding the networks of disadvantaged entrepreneurs – A background paper for the OECD centre for entrepreneurship, SMEs and local development. Available at https://www.oecd.org/cfe/leed/Expanding%20the%20networks%20of%20disadvantaged%20entrepreneurs.pdf.
Drentea, P., & Moren-Cross, J. L. (2005). Social capital and social support on the web: The case of an internet mother site. Sociology of Health & Illness, 27, 920–943. CrossRef
Durkheim, E. (1893). The division of labour in society. New York: MacMillan.
Durlauf, S. (2002). On the empirics of social capital. Economic Journal, 112, 459–479.
Durlauf, S., & Fafchamps, M. (2005). Social capital. In P. Aghion & S. Durlauf (eds.), Handbook of economic growth, Vol 1 Part b, 1639–1699.
Edelman, L. F., Bresnen, M., Newell, S., Scarborough, H., & Swan, J. (2004). The benefits and pitfalls of social capital: Empirical evidence from two organizations in the United Kingdom. British Journal of Management, 15, 59–69.
Eklinder-Frick, J., Eriksson, L. T., & Hallen, L. (2011). Bridging and bonding forms of social capital in a regional strategic network. Industrial Marketing Management, 40, 994–1003. CrossRef
Ellison, N. B., Steinfield, C., & Lampe, C. (2007). The benefits of Facebook ‘friends’: social capital and college students use of online social network sites. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 12, 1143–1168. CrossRef
Engstrom, K., Mattsson, F., Jarleborg, A., & Hallqvist, J. (2008). Contextual social capital as a risk factor for poor self-rated health: A multilevel analysis. Social Science & Medicine, 66, 2268–2280. CrossRef
Eraydin, T., Tasan-Kok, T., & Vranken, J. (2010). Diversity matters: Immigrant entrepreneurship and contribution of different forms of social integration in economic performance of cities. European Planning Studies, 18, 521–543. CrossRef
Erickson, B. (1996). Culture, class, and connections. American Journal of Sociology, 10, 217–251. CrossRef
Evans, W. R., & Carson, C. M. (2005). A social capital explanation of the relationship between functional diversity and group performance. Team Performance Management, 11, 302–315. CrossRef
Fang, S. C., Tsai, F. S., & Lin, J. L. (2010). Leveraging tenant-incubator social capital for organizational learning and performance in incubation programme. International Small Business Journal, 28, 90–113. CrossRef
Feldman, M., & Zoller, T. D. (2012). Dealmakers in place: Social capital connections in regional entrepreneurial economies. Regional Studies, 46, 23–37. CrossRef
Ferlander, S. (2007). The importance of different forms of social capital for health. Acta Sociologica, 50, 115–128. CrossRef
Fernandez, M., & Nichols, L. (2002). Bridging and bonding capital: Pluralistic ethnic relations in Silicon Valley. The International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy, 22, 104–122. CrossRef
Fernandez, R. M., Castilla, E. J., & Moore, P. (2000). Social capital at work: Networks and employment at a phone centre. American Journal of Sociology, 105, 1288–1356. CrossRef
Ferriani, S., Cattani, G., & Baden-Fuller, C. (2009). The relational antecedents of project-entrepreneurship: Network centrality, team composition and project performance. Research Policy, 38, 1545–1558. CrossRef
Field, J. (2003). Social capital. London/New York: Routledge.
Finsveen, E., & Oorschot, W. (2008). Access to resources in networks. Acta Sociologica, 51, 293–307. CrossRef
Fleming, L., & Waguespack, D. M. (2007). Brokerage, boundary spanning, and leadership in open innovation communities. Organization Science, 18, 165–180. CrossRef
Flora, J. L. (1998). Social capital and communities of place. Rural Sociology, 63, 481–506. CrossRef
Flora, C. B., & Flora, J. L. (1993). Entrepreneurial social infrastructure: A necessary ingredient. Annals, American Academy of Social and Political Science, 520, 48–58. CrossRef
Florida, R. (2002). The economic geography of talent. Annals of Association of American Geographers, 92, 743–755. CrossRef
Foley, M. W., & Edwards, B. (1999). Is it time to disinvest in social capital? Journal of Public Policy, 19, 141–173. CrossRef
Foley, D., & O’Connor, A. J. (2013). Social capital and the networking practices of indigenous entrepreneurs. Journal of Small Business Management, 51, 276–296. CrossRef
Francis, J., Mukherji, A., & Mukherji, J. (2009). Examining relational and resource influences on the performance of border region SMEs. International Business Review, 18, 331–343. CrossRef
Freitag, M. (2006). Bowling the state back in: Political institutions and the creation of social capital. European Journal of Political Research, 45, 123–152. CrossRef
Freitag, M., & Kirchner, A. (2011). Social capital and unemployment: A macro-quantitative analysis of the European regions. Political Studies, 59, 389–410. CrossRef
Fryxell, G. E., Dooley, R. S., & Li, W. S. (2004). The role of trustworthiness in maintaining employee commitment during restructuring in China. Asia Pacific Journal of Management, 21, 515–533. CrossRef
Fukuyama, F. (1995). Social capital and the global economy. Foreign Affairs, 74, 89–104. CrossRef
Fukuyama, F. (1997). The end of order. London: The Social Market Foundation, Profile Books.
Gabbay, S., & Leenders, R. (2001). Social capital of organizations: From social structure to the management of corporate social capital. In S. Gabbay & R. Leenders (eds.), Social capital of organizations – Research in the sociology of organizations, 18, 1–20.
Gabbay, S. M., & Zuckerman, E. W. (1998). Social capital and opportunity in corporate R&D: The contingent effect of contact density on mobility expectations. Social Science Research, 27, 189–217. CrossRef
Gao, S., Sung, M., & Zhang, J. (2011). Risk management capability building in SMEs: A social capital perspective. International Small Business Journal, 31, 677–700. CrossRef
Gargiulo, M., & Benassi, M. (2000). Trapped in your own Net? Network cohesion, structural holes, and the adaptation of social capital. Organization Science, 11, 183–196. CrossRef
Gedajlovic, E., Honig, B., Moore, C., Payne, T., & Wright, M. (2013). Social capital and entrepreneurship: A schema and research agenda. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 37, 455–478. CrossRef
Gelfand, M. J., Major, V. S., Raver, J. L., Nishii, L. H., & O’Brien, K. (2006). Negotiating relationally: The dynamics of the relational self in negotiations. Academy of Management Review, 31, 427–451. CrossRef
Geys, B., & Murdoch, Z. (2010). Measuring the ‘Bridging’ versus ‘Bonding’ nature of social networks: A proposal for integrating existing measures. Sociology, 44, 523–540. CrossRef
Gilsing, V., & Duysters, G. (2008). Understanding novelty creation in innovation networks – Structural and relational embeddedness jointly considered. Technovation, 28, 693–708. CrossRef
Gilsing, V., & Nooteboom, B. (2005). Density and strength of ties in innovation networks: An analysis of multimedia and biotechnology. European Management Review, 2, 179–197. CrossRef
Glanville, J., & Bienenstock, E. (2009). A typology for understanding the connections among different forms of social capital. American Behavioral Scientist, 52, 1507–1530. CrossRef
Godechot, O. (2008). What do heads of dealing rooms do? The social capital of internal entrepreneurs. Sociological Review, 56, 146–161. CrossRef
Grabher, G., & Stark, D. (1997). Organizing diversity: Evolutionary theory, network analysis and postsocialism. Regional Studies, 31, 533–544. CrossRef
Grafton, R. Q. (2005). Social capital and fisheries governance. Ocean & Coastal Management, 48, 753–766. CrossRef
Granovetter, M. (1973). The strength of weak ties. The American Journal of Sociology, 78, 1360–1380. CrossRef
Greve, A., & Salaff, J. W. (2003). Social networks and entrepreneurship. Entrepreneurship, Theory and Practice, 28, 1–22. CrossRef
Grootaert, C. (1998). Social capital: The missing link. World Bank Social Capital Initiative, Washington, DC: World Bank. (Working Paper No. 3).
Grootaert, C. (2001). Social capital: The missing link? In P. Dekker & E. M. Uslaner (eds.), Social capital and participation in everyday life. New York: Routledge.
Grootaert, C., & Narayan, D. (2000). Local institutions, poverty, and household welfare in Bolivia. (Working Paper 9). Washington, DC: World Bank, Social Development Department.
Grootaert, C., Narayan, D., Nyhan Jones, V., & Woolcock, M. (2004). Measuring social capital – An integrated questionnaire. Washington, DC: World Bank. (Working Paper No. 18).
Gubbins, C., & Dooley, L. (2014). Exploring social network dynamics driving knowledge management for innovation. Journal of Management Inquiry, 23, 162–185. CrossRef
Ha, S. K. (2010). Housing, social capital and community development in Seoul. Cities, 27, 35–42. CrossRef
Halpern, D. (2005). Social capital. Cambridge: Polity Press.
Hanifan, L. J. (1916). The rural school community centre. Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Sciences, 67, 130–138. CrossRef
Harpham, T., Grant, E., & Thomas, E. (2002). Measuring social capital within health surveys: Key issues. Health Policy and Planning, 17, 106–111. CrossRef
Harrigan, J., & El Said, H. (2009). Economic liberalisation, social capital and Islamic welfare provision. Basingstoke/New York: Palgrave Macmillan. CrossRef
Harzing, A. W., Pudelko, M., & Reiche, B. S. (2016). The bridging role of expatriates and inpatriates in knowledge transfer in multinational corporations. Human Resource Management, 55, 679–695. CrossRef
Hatzakis, J., Lycett, M., Macredie, R. D., & Martin, V. A. (2005). Towards the development of a social capital approach to evaluating change management. European Journal of Information Systems, 14, 60–74. CrossRef
Hauser, C., Tappeiner, G., & Walde, J. (2007). The learning region: The impact of social capital and weak ties on innovation. Regional Studies, 41, 75–88. CrossRef
Hawkins, R. L., & Maurer, K. (2010). Bonding, bridging and linking: How social capital operated in New Orleans following Hurricane Katrina. British Journal of Social Work, 40, 1777–1793. CrossRef
Hayami, Y. (2009). Social capital, human capital and the community mechanism: Toward a conceptual framework for economists. Journal of Development Studies, 45, 6–123. CrossRef
Haynes, K. T., & Hillman, A. (2010). The effect of board capital and CEO power on strategic change. Strategic Management Journal, 31, 1145–1163. CrossRef
Hite, J. M. (2005). Evolutionary processes and paths of relationally embedded network ties in emerging entrepreneurial firms. Entrepreneurship: Theory and Practice, 29, 113–144.
Ho, V. T., Rousseau, D. M., & Levesque, L. (2006). Social networks and the psychological contract: Structural holes, cohesive ties, and beliefs regarding employer obligations. Human Relations, 59, 459–481. CrossRef
Hoskisson, R. E., Covin, J., Volberda, H. W., & Johnson, R. A. (2011). Revitalizing entrepreneurship: The search for new research opportunities. Journal of Management Studies, 48, 1141–1168. CrossRef
Hsu, J. S., & Hung, Y. W. (2013). Exploring the interaction effects of social capital. Information and Management, 50, 415–430. CrossRef
Hsu, J. S., Hung, Y. W., Chen, Y. H., & Huang, H. H. (2013). Antecedents and consequences of user co production in information system development projects. Project Management Journal, 44, 67–87. CrossRef
Huang, C. (2009). Knowledge sharing and group cohesiveness on performance: An empirical study of technology R&D teams in Taiwan. Technovation, 29, 786–797. CrossRef
Huggins, R. (2010). Forms of network resource: Knowledge access and the role of inter-firm networks. International Journal of Management Reviews, 12, 335–352.
Hughes, M., & Perrons, R. (2011). Shaping and reshaping social capital in buyer-supplier relationships. Journal of Business Research, 64, 164–171. CrossRef
Hughes, M., Duane Ireland, R., & Morgan, R. E. (2007). Stimulating dynamic value: Social capital and business incubation as a pathway to competitive success. Long Range Planning, 40, 154–177. CrossRef
Huysman, M., & Wulf, V. (2004). Social capital and information technology: Current debates and research. In M. Huysman & W. Wulf (eds.), Social capital and information technology. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Ibarra, H., Kilduff, M., & Tsai, W. (2005). Zooming in and out: Connecting individuals and collectivities at the frontiers of organizational network research. Organization Science, 16, 359–371. CrossRef
Inkpen, A. C., & Tsang, E. W. K. (2005). Social capital, networks, and knowledge transfer. Academy of Management Review, 30, 146–165. CrossRef
Islam, G. M., Yew, T. S., Abdullah, N. M., & Viswanathan, K. K. (2011). Social capital, community based management, and fishers’ livelihood in Bangladesh. Ocean & Coastal Management, 54, 173–180. CrossRef
Ito, S. (2003). Microfinance and social capital: Does social capital help create good practice? Development in Practice, 13, 322–332. CrossRef
Ivy, J., Larty, J., & Jack, S. (2014). Searching for relevance: NGO – Donor relationships in a geographically isolated community. Journal of Management Inquiry, 24, 280–299. CrossRef
Iyer, S., Kitson, M., & Toh, B. (2005). Social capital, economic growth and regional development. Regional Studies, 39, 1015–1040. CrossRef
Jack, S. (2005). The role, use and activation of strong and weak network ties: A qualitative analysis. Journal of Management Studies, 42, 1233–160. CrossRef
Jacobs, J. (1965). The death and life of great American cities. London: Penguin Books.
Jensen, M. (2008). The use of relational discrimination to manage market entry: When do social status and structural holes work against you? Academy of Management Journal, 51, 723–743. CrossRef
Jenssen, J., & Greve, A. (2002). Does the degree of redundancy in social networks influence the success of business start-ups? International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behaviour and Research, 8, 254–267. CrossRef
Jenssen, J. I., & Kristiansen, S. (2004). Sub-cultures and entrepreneurship: The value of social capital in Tanzanian business. Journal of Entrepreneurship, 13, 1–27. CrossRef
Johnson, C. A. (2007). Social capital and the search for information: Examining the role of social capital in information seeking behavior in Mongolia. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 58, 883–894. CrossRef
Johnson, S., Schnatterly, K., Bolton, J. F., & Tuggle, C. (2011). Antecedents of new director social capital. Journal of Management Studies, 48, 1782–1803. CrossRef
Jones, O. (2005). Manufacturing regeneration through corporate entrepreneurship – Middle managers and organizational innovation. International Journal of Operations & Production Management, 25, 491–511. CrossRef
Jonsson, S. (2015). Entrepreneurs’ network evolution – The relevance of cognitive social capital. International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behavior and Research, 21, 197–223. CrossRef
Jonsson, S., & Lindbergh, J. (2013). The development of social capital and financing of entrepreneurial firms: From financial bootstrapping to bank funding. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 37, 661–686. CrossRef
Joshi, A. (2006). The influence of organizational demography on the external networking behaviour of teams. Academy of Management Review, 31, 583–595. CrossRef
Kaasa, A. (2009). Effects of different dimensions of social capital on innovative activity: Evidence from Europe at the regional level. Technovation, 29, 218–233. CrossRef
Kalantaridis, C., & Bika, Z. (2006). Local embeddedness and rural entrepreneurship: Case-study evidence from Cumbria. Environment and Planning A, 38, 1561–1579. CrossRef
Kallio, A., Harmakoorpi, V., & Pihkala, T. (2010). Absorptive capacity and social capital in regional innovation systems: The case of the Lahti region in Finland. Urban Studies, 47, 303–319. CrossRef
Kapucu, N. (2006). Interagency communication networks during emergencies –Boundary spanners in multiagency coordination. American Review of Public Administration, 36, 207–225. CrossRef
Karner, C., & Parker, D. (2008). Religion versus rubbish: Deprivation and social capital in inner-city Birmingham. Social Compass, 55, 517–531. CrossRef
Kavanaugh, A. L., Reese, D. D., Carroll, J. M., & Rosson, M. B. (2005). Weak ties in networked communities. The Information Society, 21, 119–131. CrossRef
Kavanaugh, A. L., & Patterson, S. J. (2001). The impact of community networks on social capital and community involvement. The American Behavioural Scientist, 45, 496–509. CrossRef
Kawachi, I., Kim, D., Coutts, A., & Subramanian, S. V. (2004). Commentary: Reconciling the three accounts of social capital. International Journal of Epidemiology, 33, 682–690. CrossRef
Kawachi, I., Subramanian, S. V., & Kim, D. (2008). Social capital and health: A decade of progress and beyond. In I. Kawachi, S. V. Subramanian, & D. Kim (eds.), Social Capital and Health. New York: Springer. CrossRef
Kay, A. (2005). Social capital, the social economy and community development. Community Development Journal, 41, 160–173. CrossRef
Kay, F. M., & Wallace, J. E. (2009). Mentors as social capital: Gender, mentors and career rewards in law practice. Sociological Inquiry, 79, 418–452. CrossRef
Kilduff, M., & Brass, D. (2010). Organizational social network research: Core ideas and key debates. Academy of Management Annals, 4, 317–357. CrossRef
Kilduff, M., Tsai, W., & Hanke, R. (2006). A paradigm too far? A dynamic stability reconsideration of the social network research program. Academy of Management Review, 31, 1031–1048. CrossRef
Kilduff, M., Chiaburu, D. S., & Menges, J. I. (2010). Strategic use of emotional intelligence in organizational settings: Exploring the dark side. Research in Organizational Behavior, 30, 129–152. CrossRef
Kim, H. H. (2009). Networks, information transfer, and status conferral: The role of social capital in income stratification among lawyers. Sociological Quarterly, 50, 61–87. CrossRef
Kim, Y., & Cannella Jr, A. (2008). Toward a social capital theory of director selection. Corporate Governance, 16, 282–293. CrossRef
Kim, T. Y., Oh, H., & Swaminathan, A. (2006b). Framing interorganizational network change: A network inertia perspective. Academy of Management Review, 31, 704–720. CrossRef
Kirkels, Y., & Duysters, G. (2010). Brokerage in SME networks. Research Policy, 39, 375–385. CrossRef
Kirsch, L. J., Ko, D. G., & Haney, M. H. (2010). Investigating the antecedents of team-based clan control: Adding social capital as a predictor. Organization Science, 21, 469–489. CrossRef
Kleinbaum, A. M., & Tushman, M. L. (2007). Building bridges: The social structure of interdependent innovation. Strategic Entrepreneurship Journal, 1, 103–122. CrossRef
Kleinberg, J., Suri, S., Tardos, E., & Wexler, T. (2008a). Strategic network formation with structural holes. Available at https://www.cs.cornell.edu/home/kleinber/ec08-struct-holes.pdf.
Kleinberg, J., Suri, S., Tardos, E., & Wexler, T. (2008b, 7 November). Strategic network formation with structural holes. ACM SIGecom Exchanges, Special Interest Group Proceedings at Tech Conference, 1–4.
Klyver, K. (2007). Shifting family involvement during the entrepreneurial process. International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behaviour and Research, 13, 258–277. CrossRef
Knack, S., & Keefer, P. (1995). Institutions and economic performance: Cross-country tests using alternative institutional measures. Economics and Politics, 7, 207–227. CrossRef
Kogut, B. (2000). The network as knowledge: Generative rules and the emergence of structure. Strategic Management Journal, 21, 405–425. CrossRef
Koka, B. T., & Prescott, J. E. (2002). Strategic alliances as social capital: A multidimensional view. Strategic Management Journal, 23, 795–816. CrossRef
Kor, Y. Y., & Sundaramurthy, C. (2009). Experience-based human capital and social capital of outside directors. Journal of Management, 35, 981–1006. CrossRef
Korte, R., & Lin, S. (2013). Getting on board: Organizational socialization and the contribution of social capital. Human Relations, 66, 407–428. CrossRef
Krackhardt, D. (1999). The ties that torture: Simmelian tie analysis in organizations. Research in the Sociology of Organizations, 16, 183–210.
Krishna, A., & Shrader, E. (1999). Social capital assessment tool. Social capital initiative (Working Papers No. 21 and 22). Social Development Department, Washington, DC: World Bank.
Krishna, A., & Shrader, E. (2000). Cross-cultural measures of social capital: A tool and results from India and Panama. Social capital initiative. Washington, DC: World Bank. (Working Paper No. 21). 1–40.
Kumar, R., & Worm, V. (2003). Social capital and the dynamics of business negotiations between the northern Europeans and the Chinese. International Marketing Review, 20, 262–285. CrossRef
Kwon, S., Heflin, C., & Ruef, M. (2013). Community social capital and entrepreneurship. American Sociological Review, 78, 980–1008. CrossRef
Kwon, S., & Adler, P. (2014). Social capital: Maturation of a field of research. Academy of Management Review, 39, 412–422. CrossRef
Kwon, S., & Arenius, P. (2010). Nations of entrepreneurs: A social capital perspective. Journal of Business Venturing, 25, 315–330. CrossRef
Labianca, G., & Brass, D. J. (2006). Exploring the social ledger: Negative relationships and negative asymmetry in social networks in organizations. Academy of Management Review, 31, 596–614. CrossRef
Lambooy, J. G. (2010). Knowledge transfers, spillovers and actors: The role of context and social capital. European Planning Studies, 18, 873–891. CrossRef
Landry, R., Amara, N., & Lamari, M. (2002). Does social capital determine innovation? To what extent? Technological Forecasting & Social Change, 69, 681–701. CrossRef
Lang, J. C. (2004). Social context and social capital as enablers of knowledge integration. Journal of Knowledge Management, 8, 89–105. CrossRef
Laursen, K., Masciarelli, F., & Prencipe, A. (2012). Regions matter: How localized social capital affects innovation and external knowledge acquisition. Organization Science, 23, 177–193. CrossRef
Leana, C. R., & Pil, F. K. (2006). Social capital and organizational performance: Evidence from urban public schools. Organization Science, 17, 353–366. CrossRef
Leana, C. R., & Van Buren, H. J. (1999). Organizational social capital and employment practices. Academy of Management Review, 24, 538–555.
Lee, R. (2009). Social capital and business and management: Setting a research agenda. International Journal of Management Reviews, 11, 247–273. CrossRef
Lee, R., & Jones, O. (2008). Networks, communication, and learning during business start-up: The creation of cognitive social capital. International Small Business Journal, 26, 559–594. CrossRef
Lee, R., & Jones, O. (2015). Entrepreneurial social capital research: Resolving the structure and agency dualism. International Journal of Behavior and Research, 21, 338–363.
Lee, R., & Shaw, E. (2016). Bourdieu’s non-material forms of capital: Implications for start-up policy. Environment and Planning C, doi: 10.1177/0263774X16638850.
Lee, R., & Tuselmann, H. (2013). Entrepreneurship, occupational division and social capital differentials. Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, 20, 661–680. CrossRef
Lee, C., Lee, K., & Pennings, J. M. (2001). Internal capabilities, external networks, and performance: A study on technology-based ventures. Strategic Management Journal, 22, 615–640. CrossRef
Lee, J., Arnason, A., Nightingale, A., & Shucksmith, M. (2005). Networking: Social capital and identities in European rural development. Sociologia Ruralis, 45, 269–283. CrossRef
Lee, S., Florida, R., & Acs, Z. (2004). Creativity and entrepreneurship: A regional analysis of new firm formation. Regional Studies, 38, 879–891. CrossRef
Lester, R., Hillman, A., Zardkoohi, A., & Cannella, A. (2008). Former government officials as outside directors: The role of human and social capital. Academy of Management Journal, 51, 999–1013. CrossRef
Levin, D. Z., & Cross, R. (2004). The strength of weak ties you can trust: The mediating role of trust in effective knowledge transfer. Management Science, 50, 1477–1490. CrossRef
Li, L., Lin, Z., & Arya, B. (2008). The turtle-hare race story revisited: Social capital and resource accumulation for firms from emerging economies. Asia Pacific Journal of Management, 25, 251–275. CrossRef
Liao, J., & Welsch, H. (2003). Social capital and entrepreneurial growth aspiration: A comparison of technology and non-technology-based nascent entrepreneurs. Journal of High Technology Management Research, 14, 149–170. CrossRef
Liao, J., & Welsch, H. (2005). Roles of social capital in venture creation: Key dimensions and research implications. Journal of Small Business Management, 43, 345–362. CrossRef
Light, I., & Dana, L. P. (2013). Boundaries of social capital in entrepreneurship. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 37, 603–624. CrossRef
Lin, N. (1999a). Building a network theory of social capital. Connections, 22, 28–51.
Lin, N. (1999b). Social networks and status attainment. Annual Review of Sociology, 25, 467–487. CrossRef
Lin, N. (2000). Inequality in social capital. Contemporary Sociology, 29, 785–795. CrossRef
Lin, N. (2001). Social capital: A theory of social structure and action. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossRef
Lindstrand, A., Melen, S., & Nordman, E. (2011). Turning social capital into business: A study of the internationalization of biotech SMEs. International Business Review, 20, 194–212. CrossRef
Lindstrom, M. (2004). Social capital, the miniaturisation of community and self-reported global and physiological health. Social Science and Medicine, 59, 595–607. CrossRef
Lindstrom, M. (2010). Social capital, economic conditions, marital status and daily smoking: A population based study. Public Health, 124, 71–77. CrossRef
Lochner, K., Kawachi, I., & Kennedy, B. (1999). Social capital: A guide to its measurement. Health and Place, 5, 259–270. CrossRef
Lorenzen, M. (2007). Social capital and localized learning: Proximity and place in technological and institutional dynamics. Urban Studies, 44, 799–817. CrossRef
Lounsbury, M., & Glynn, M. (2001). Cultural entrepreneurship: Stories, legitimacy, and the acquisition of resources. Strategic Management Journal, 22, 545–564.
Loury, G. (1977). A dynamic theory of racial income differences. In P. Wallace & A. Lamond (eds.), Women, minorities and employment discrimination. Lexington, MA: Lexington Books.
Lowik, S., Van Rossum, D., Kraaijenrink, J., & Groen, A. (2012). Strong ties as sources of new knowledge: How small firms innovate through bridging capabilities. Journal of Small Business Management, 50, 239–256. CrossRef
Luk, C. L., Yau, O. H., Sin, L. Y., Tse, A. C., Chow, R. P., & Lee, J. (2008). The effects of social capital and organizational innovativeness in different institutional contexts. International Journal of Business Studies, 39, 589–612. CrossRef
Lyon, F., Sepulveda, L., & Syrett, S. (2007). Enterprising refugees: Contributions and challenges in deprived urban areas. Local Economy, 22, 362–375. CrossRef
Ma, Z. (2002). Social-capital mobilization and income returns to entrepreneurship: The case of return migration in rural China. Environment and Planning A, 34, 1763–1784. CrossRef
Mahnke, V., Wareham, J., & Bjorn-Andersen, N. (2008). Offshore middleman: Transnational intermediation in technology sourcing. Journal of Information Technology, 23, 18–30. CrossRef
Malecki, E. (2004). Jockeying for position: What it means and why it matters to regional development policy when places compete. Regional Studies, 38, 1101–1120. CrossRef
Malecki, E. (2012). Regional social capital: Why it matters. Regional Studies, 46, 1023–1039. CrossRef
Maman, D. (2000). Who accumulates directorships of big business firms in Israel?: Organizational structure, social capital and human capital. Human Relations, 53, 603–629. CrossRef
Manning, P. (2010). Explaining and developing social capital for knowledge management purposes. Journal of Knowledge Management, 14, 83–99. CrossRef
Mariotti, F., & Delbridge, R. (2012). Overcoming network overload and redundancy in inter-organizational networks: The roles of potential and latent ties. Organization Science, 23, 511–528. CrossRef
Martens, M. L., Jennings, J. E., & Jennings, D. (2007). Do the stories they tell get them the money they need? The role of entrepreneurial narratives in resource acquisition. Academy of Management Journal, 50, 1107–1132. CrossRef
Martinez, M. A., & Aldrich, H. E. (2011). Networking strategies for entrepreneurs: Balancing cohesion and diversity. International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behaviour and Research, 17, 1355–2554. CrossRef
Maskell, P. (2000). Social capital, innovation, and competitiveness. In S. Baron, J. Field, & T. Schuller (eds.), Social capital – Critical perspectives. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Matthews, R. L., & Marzec, P. E. (2012). Social capital, a theory for operations management: A systematic review of the evidence. International Journal of Production Research, 50, 7081–7099. CrossRef
Maula, M., Autio, E., & Murray, G. (2003). Prerequisites for the creation of social capital and subsequent knowledge acquisition in corporate venture capital. Venture Capital, 5, 117–134. CrossRef
McEvily, B., Jaffee, J., & Tortoriello, M. (2012). Not all bridging ties are equal: Network imprinting and firm growth in the Nashville legal industry, 1933-1978. Organization Science, 23, 547–563. CrossRef
McEvily, B., & Zaheer, A. (1999). Bridging ties: A source of firm heterogeneity in competitive capabilities. Strategic Management Journal, 20, 1133–1156. CrossRef
McFadyen, M. A., & Cannella, A. (2004). Social capital and knowledge creation: Diminishing returns of the number and strength of exchange relationships. Academy of Management Journal, 47, 735–746. CrossRef
McKeever, E., Jack, S., & Anderson, A. (2015). Embedded entrepreneurship in the creative re-construction of place. Journal of Business Venturing, 30, 50–65. CrossRef
McKenzie, K., & Harpham, T. (2006). Meanings and uses of social capital in the mental health field. In K. McKenzie & T. Harpham (eds.), Social capital and mental health. London/Philadelphia: Jessica Kingsley.
McKinley, W., Zhao, J., & Rust, K. G. (2000). A sociocognitive interpretation of organizational downsizing. Academy of Management Review, 25, 227–243.
McPherson, M., Smith-Lovin, L., & Cook, J. M. (2001). Birds of a feather: Homophily in social networks. Annual Review of Sociology, 27, 415–444. CrossRef
Meagher, K. (2005). Social capital or analytical liability? Social networks and African informal economies. Global Networks, 5, 217–238. CrossRef
Meijer, A. V. R. (1998). Missing the bus: A socio-cognitive perspective on technological networks. International Journal of Innovation Management, 2, 161–182. CrossRef
Menahem, G., Doron, G., & Haim, D. (2011). Bonding and bridging associational social capital and the financial performance of local authorities in Israel. Public Management Review, 13, 659–681. CrossRef
Middleton, K. L. (2013). Becoming entrepreneurial: Gaining legitimacy in the nascent phase. International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behaviour and Research, 19, 404–424. CrossRef
Miles, N., & Tully, J. (2007). Regional development agency policy to tackle economic exclusion? The role of social capital in distressed communities. Regional Studies, 41, 855–866. CrossRef
Miller, N., Besser, T., & Vigna, D. (2011). ‘Networking among apparel store owners in small U.S. communities. Developing Social Capital’, Clothing and Textiles Research Journal, 29, 83–97. CrossRef
Minamoto, Y. (2010). Social capital and livelihood recovery: Post-tsunami Sri Lanka as a case. Disaster Prevention and Management, 19, 548–564. CrossRef
Moenaert, R. K., Caeldries, F., Lievens, A., & Wauters, E. (2000). Communication flows in international product innovation teams. Journal of Product Innovation Management, 17, 360–377. CrossRef
Molina-Morales, F. X., & Martinez-Fernandez, M. T. (2010). Social networks: Effects of social capital on firm innovation. Journal of Small Business Management, 48, 258–279. CrossRef
Moody, J., & White, D. R. (2003). Structural cohesion and embeddedness: A hierarchical concept of social groups. American Sociological Review, 68, 103–127. CrossRef
Moore, S., Bockenholt, U., Daniel, M., Frohlich, K., Kestens, Y., & Richard, L. (2011). Social capital and core network ties: A validation study of individual-level social capital measures and their association with extra- and intra-neighbourhood ties, and self-rated health. Health & Place, 17, 536–544. CrossRef
Morgan, D. L., & Schwalbe, M. L. (1990). Mind and self in society: Linking social structure and social cognition. Social Psychology Quarterly, 53, 148–164. CrossRef
Mosey, S., & Wright, M. (2007). From human capital to social capital: A longitudinal study of technology-based academic entrepreneurs. Entrepreneurship, Theory and Practice, 31, 909–935. CrossRef
Mosey, S., Westhead, P., & Lockett, A. (2007). University technology transfer: network bridge promotion by the Medici fellowship scheme. Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, 14, 360–384. CrossRef
Mouw, T. (2003). Social capital and finding a job: Do contacts matter. American Sociological Review, 68, 868–898. CrossRef
Muniady, R., Al Mamun, A., Rosli Mohamad, M., et al (2015, Oct-Dec). The effect of cognitive and relational social capital on structural social capital and micro enterprise performance. SAGE Open, 1–9.
Musso, J., Weare, C., Bryer, T., & Cooper, T. L. (2011). Toward ‘strong democracy’ in global cities? Social capital building, theory-driven reform, and the Los Angeles neighborhood council experience. Public Administration Review, 71, 102–111. CrossRef
Nahapiet, J., & Ghoshal, S. (1998). Social capital, intellectual capital, and the organizational advantage. The Academy of Management Review, 23, 242–266.
Nakhaie, R., Lin, X., & Guan, J. (2009). Social capital and the myth of minority self-employment: Evidence from Canada. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 35, 625–644. CrossRef
Narayan, D. (1999). Bonds and bridges: Social capital and poverty. (Policy Research Working Paper 2167). Washington, D.C.: World Bank, Poverty Reduction and Economic Management Network.
Navis, C., & Glynn, M. A. (2011). Legitimate distinctiveness and the entrepreneurial identity: Influence on investor judgements of new venture plausibility. Academy of Management Review, 36, 479–499.
Nebus, J. (2006). Building collegial information networks: A theory of advice network generation. Academy of Management Review, 31, 615–637. CrossRef
Neergaard, H., & Ulhoi, J. P. (2006). Government agency and trust in the formation and transformation of interorganizational entrepreneurial networks. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 30, 519–539. CrossRef
Newell, S., Tansley, C., & Huang, J. (2004). Social capital and knowledge integration in an ERP project team: The importance of bridging AND bonding. British Journal of Management, 15, 43–47. CrossRef
Ng, D. (2004). The social dynamics of diverse and closed networks. Human Systems Management, 23, 111–122.
O’Brien, D. J., Phillips, J. L., & Patsiorkovsky, V. V. (2005). Linking indigenous bonding and bridging social capital. Regional Studies, 39, 1041–1051. CrossRef
O’Cass, A., & Sok, P. (2014). The role of intellectual resources, product innovation capability, reputational resources and marketing capability combinations in firm growth. International Small Business Journal, 32, 996–1018. CrossRef
Oh, H., Labienca, G., & Chung, M. H. (2006). A multilevel model of group social capital. Academy of Management Review, 31, 569–582. CrossRef
Onyx, J., & Bullen, P. (2000). Measuring social capital in five communities. Journal of Applied Behavioral Science, 36, 23–42. CrossRef
Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). (2001). The wellbeing of nations. Available at http://www.oecd.org/site/worldforum/33703702.pdf.
Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). (2010). Ministerial report on the OECD innovation strategy – Innovation to strengthen growth and address global and social challenges. Available at https://www.oecd.org/sti/45326349.pdf.
Oskanen, T., Kawachi, I., Markus, J., Kouvonen, A., Suzuki, E., et al. (2012). Workplace social capital and risk of chronic and severe hypertension: A cohort study. Journal of Hypertension, 30, 1129–1136. CrossRef
Ostrom, E. (1994). Constituting social capital and collective action. Journal of Theoretical Politics, 6, 527–562. CrossRef
Ostrom, E. (1998). A behavioural approach to the rational choice theory of collective action. American Policy Social Review, 92, 1–22. CrossRef
Ostrom, E., & Ahn, T. K. (2003). Introduction. In E. Ostrom & T. K. Ahn (eds.), Foundations of social capital. Cheltenham, US: Edward Elgar.
Oyhus, A. O. (2003). The entrepreneurial self-image: Lonely rider or social team player? Comparing entrepreneurs in Tanzania and Indonesia. Journal of Entrepreneurship, 12, 201–223. CrossRef
Ozdemir, S. Z., Moran, P., Zhong, X., & Bliemel, M. (2016). Reaching and acquiring valuable resources: The entrepreneur’s use of brokerage, cohesion and embeddedness. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 40, 49–79. CrossRef
Packalen, K. A. (2007). Complementing capital: The role of status, demographic features, and social capital in founding teams’ abilities to obtain resources. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 31, 873–891. CrossRef
Padilla-Melendez, A., Aguila-Obra, A., & Lockett, N. (2012). Shifting sands: Regional perspectives on the role of social capital in supporting open innovation through knowledge transfer and exchange with small and medium-sized enterprises. International Small Business Journal, 31, 296–318. CrossRef
Paldam, M. (2000). Social capital: One or many? Definition and measurement. Journal of Economic Surveys, 14, 629–653. CrossRef
Pappas, J., & Wooldridge, B. (2007). Middle managers divergent strategic activity: An investigation of multiple measures of network centrality. Journal of Management Studies, 44, 323–341. CrossRef
Para-Requena, G., Molina-Morales, F. X., & Garcia-Villaverde, P. M. (2010). The mediating effect of cognitive social capital on knowledge acquisition in clustered firms. Growth and Change, 41, 59–84. CrossRef
Parker, D., & Song, M. (2006). Ethnicity, social capital and the Internet. Ethnicities, 6, 178–202. CrossRef
Parkhe, A., Wasserman, S., & Ralston, D. A. (2006). New frontiers in network theory development. Academy of Management Review, 31, 560–568. CrossRef
Partanen, J., Moller, K., Westerlund, M., Rajala, R., & Rajala, A. (2008). Social capital in the growth of science-and-technology-based SMEs. Industrial Marketing Management, 37, 513–522. CrossRef
Patel, P. C., & Terjesen, S. (2011). Complementary effects of network range and tie strength in enhancing transnational venture performance. Strategic Entrepreneurship Journal, 5, 58–80. CrossRef
Patulny, R. V., & Svendsen, G. (2007). Exploring the social capital grid: Bonding, bridging, qualitative, quantitative. International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy, 27, 32–51. CrossRef
Payne, G., Moore, C., Griffis, S., & Autry, C. (2011). Multilevel challenges and opportunities in social capital research. Journal of Management, 37, 491–520. CrossRef
Peeples, M. A., & Haas Jr, W. R. (2011). Brokerage and social capital in the prehispanic U.S. Southwest. American Anthropologist, 115, 232–246. CrossRef
Peng, Y. (2004). Kinship networks and entrepreneurs in China’s transitional economy. American Journal of Sociology, 109, 1045–1074. CrossRef
Peredo, A., & Chrisman, J. (2006). Toward a theory of community-based enterprise. Academy of Management Review, 31, 309–328. CrossRef
Phillips, N., Tracey, P., & Karra, N. (2013). Building entrepreneurial tie portfolios through strategic homophily: The role of narrative identity work in venture creation and early growth. Journal of Business Venturing, 28, 134–150. CrossRef
Phonsgaven, P., Chey, T., Bauman, A., Brooks, R., & Silove, D. (2006). Social capital, socio-economic status and psychological distress among Australian adults. Social Science & Medicine, 63, 2546–2561. CrossRef
Piazza-Georgi, B. (2002). The role of human and social capital in growth: Extending our understanding. Cambridge Journal of Economics, 26, 461–479. CrossRef
Pinnock, A. (2007). New development: The infrastructural aspect of social capital: Suggestions for a bridge between concept and policy. Public Money and Management, 27, 345–349. CrossRef
Pirolo, L., & Presutti, M. (2010). The impact of social capital on the start-ups’ performance growth. Journal of Small Business Management, 48, 197–227. CrossRef
Plickert, G., Wellman, B., & Cote, R. (2005). It’s not who you know, it’s how you know them: Who exchanges what with whom. In T. Blokland & M. Savage (eds.), Social capital on the ground. Oxford: Blackwell.
Podolny, J. M. (2001). Networks as the pipes and prisms of the market. American Journal of Sociology, 107, 33–60. CrossRef
Podolny, J. M., & Baron, J. N. (1997). Resources and relationships: Social networks and mobility in the workplace. American Sociological Review, 62, 673–693. CrossRef
Pollock, G., Chen, G., Jackson, E., & Hambrick, D. (2010). How much prestige is enough? Assessing the value of multiple types of high-status affiliates for young firms. Journal of Business Venturing, 25, 6–23. CrossRef
Portes, A. (1998). Social capital: Its origins and applications in modern sociology. Annual Review of Sociology, 24, 1–24. CrossRef
Portes, A., & Landolt, P. (2000). Social capital: Promise and pitfalls of its role in development. Journal of Latin American Studies, 32, 529–547. CrossRef
Portes, A., & Vickstrom, E. (2011). Diversity, social capital, and cohesion. Annual Review of Sociology, 37, 461–479. CrossRef
Prashantham, S., & Dhanaraj, C. (2010). The dynamic influence of social capital on the international growth of new ventures. Journal of Management Studies, 47, 967–994. CrossRef
Prashantham, S., & Young, S. (2011). Post-entry speed of international new ventures. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 35, 275–292. CrossRef
Putnam, R. D. (2000). Bowling alone. New York: Simon & Schuster. CrossRef
Putnam, R. D. (2015). Our kids – The American dream in crisis. New York: Simon and Schuster.
Putnam, R. D., Feldstein, L. W., & Cohen, D. (2003). Better together – Restoring the American community. New York: Simon and Schuster.
Quan-Haase, A., & Wellman, B. (2004). How does the Internet affect social capital? In M. Huysman & W. Wulf (eds.), Social capital and information technology. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Ram, M., Theodorakopoulos, N., & Jones, T. (2008). Forms of capital, mixed embeddedness and Somali enterprise. Work, Employment and Society, 22, 427–446. CrossRef
Ramanadhan, S., Kebede, S., Mantopoulos, J., & Bradley, E. (2010). Network-based social capital and capacity-building programs: An example from Ethiopia. Human Resources for Health, 8, 1–11. CrossRef
Ramirez-Sanchez, S., & Pinkerton, E. (2009). The impact of resource scarcity on bonding and bridging social capital: The case of fisheries’ information-sharing networks in Loreto, BCS, Mexico. Ecology and Society, 14, 1–22. CrossRef
Reagans, R. (2011). Close encounters: Analyzing how social similarity and propinquity contribute to strong network connections. Organization Science, 22, 835–849. CrossRef
Reagans, R., & Zuckerman, E. W. (2001). Networks, diversity, and productivity: The social capital of corporate R&D teams. Organization Science, 12, 502–517. CrossRef
Reiche, B. S., Harzing, A. W., & Kraimer, M. L. (2009). The role of international assignees’ social capital in creating intellectual capital: A cross-level model. Journal of International Business Studies, 40, 509–526. CrossRef
Reveley, J., Down, S., & Taylor, S. (2004). Beyond the boundaries – An ethnographic analysis of spatially diffuse control in a small firm. International Small Business Journal, 22, 349–367. CrossRef
Reynolds, T. (2010). Transnational family networks, cultural belonging and social capital among second-generation British-Caribbean ‘returning’ migrants. Ethnic and Racial Studies, 33, 797–815. CrossRef
Ring, J. K., Peredo, A. M., & Chrisman, J. J. (2010). Business networks and economic development in rural communities in the United States. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 34, 171–195. CrossRef
Robert, L. P., Dennis, A. R., & Ahuja, M. K. (2008). Social capital and knowledge integration in digitally enabled teams. Information Systems Research, 19, 314–334. CrossRef
Rodan, S. (2010). Structural holes and managerial performance: Identifying the underlying mechanisms. Social Networks, 32, 168–179. CrossRef
Rodan, S., & Galunic, C. (2004). More than network structure: How knowledge heterogeneity influences managerial performance and innovativeness. Strategic Management Journal, 25, 541–562. CrossRef
Rost, K. (2011). The strength of strong ties in the creation of innovation. Research Policy, 40, 588–604. CrossRef
Rottman, J. W. (2008). Successful knowledge transfer within offshore supplier networks: A case study exploring social capital in strategic alliances. Journal of Information Technology, 23, 31–44. CrossRef
Ruck, K., & Welch, M. (2012). Valuing internal communication: Management and employee perspectives. Public Relations Review, 38, 294–302. CrossRef
Ruef, M., Aldrich, H. E., & Carter, N. M. (2003). The Structure of founding teams: Homophily, strong ties, and isolation among U.S. entrepreneurs. American Sociological Review, 68, 195–222. CrossRef
Runyan, R. C., Huddlestone, P., & Swinney, J. (2006). Entrepreneurial orientation and social capital as small firm strategies: A study of gender differences from a resource based view. Entrepreneurship Management, 2, 455–477. CrossRef
Ryan, L. (2011). Migrants’ social networks and weak ties: Accessing resources and constructing relationships post-migration. Sociological Review, 59, 707–724. CrossRef
Ryan, L., Sales, R., Tilki, M., & Siara, B. (2008). Social networks, social support and social capital: The experiences of recent polish migrants in London. Sociology, 42, 672–690. CrossRef
Salvato, C., & Melin, L. (2008). Creating value across generations in family controlled businesses. The role of family social capital. Family Business Review, 21, 259–276. CrossRef
Sampson, R. J., & Graif, C. (2009). Neighbourhood social capital as differential social organization – Resident and leadership dimensions. American Behavioral Scientist, 52, 1579–1605.
Savage, M., Tampubolon, G., & Warde, A. (2004). Social capital and political activism. In J. Franklin (ed.), Politics, trust and networks: Social capital in critical perspective, London: ESRC/Research centre initiative, London South Bank University.
Schneider, J. A. (2007). Connections and disconnections between civic engagement and social capital in community-based nonprofits. Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly, 36, 572–597. CrossRef
Schnur, O. (2005). Exploring social capital as an urban neighbourhood resource: Empirical findings and strategic conclusions of a case study in Berlin-Moabit. Tijdschrift voor Economische en Sociale Geografie – Royal Dutch Geographical Society, 96, 488–505. CrossRef
Schuller, T., Baron, S., & Field, J. (2000). Social capital: A review and critique. In S. Baron, J. Field, & T. Schuller (eds.), Social capital – critical perspectives. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Schutjens, V., & Volker, B. (2010). Space and social capital: The degree of locality in entrepreneurs contacts and its consequences for firm success. European Planning Studies, 18, 942–963. CrossRef
Seevers, M. T., Skinner, S. J., & Dahlstrom, R. (2010). Performance implications of a retail purchasing network: The role of social capital. Journal of Retailing, 4, 310–321. CrossRef
Seibert, S. E., Kraimer, M. L., & Liden, R. C. (2001). A social capital theory of career success. Academy of Management Journal, 44, 219–237. CrossRef
Seligman, A. B. (1997). The problem of trust. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Semrau, T., & Werner, A. (2014). How exactly do network relationships pay off? The effects of network size and relationship quality on access to start-up resources. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 38, 501–525. CrossRef
Shepherd, D. A. (2015). Party on! A call for entrepreneurship research that is more interactive, activity based, cognitively hot, compassionate, and prosocial. Journal of Business Venturing, 30, 489–507. CrossRef
Shortall, S. (2008). Are rural development programmes socially inclusive? Social inclusion, civic engagement, participation, and social capital: Exploring the differences. Journal of Rural Studies, 24, 450–457. CrossRef
Sigfusson, T., & Chetty, S. (2013). Building international entrepreneurial virtual networks in cyberspace. Journal of World Business, 48, 260–270. CrossRef
Skocpol, T., Ganz, M., & Munson, Z. (2000). A nation of organizers: The institutional origins of civic voluntarism in the United States. American Policy Social Review, 94, 527–546. CrossRef
Smith, D. A., & Lohrke, F. T. (2008). Entrepreneurial network development: Trusting in the process. Journal of Business Research, 61, 315–322. CrossRef
Snelgrove, J. W., Pikhart, H., & Stafford, M. (2009). A multilevel analysis of social capital and self-rated health: Evidence from the British household panel survey. Social Science & Medicine, 68, 1993–2001. CrossRef
Son, J., & Lin, N. (2008). Social capital and civic action: A network-based approach. Social Science Research, 37, 330–349. CrossRef
Sorheim, R. (2003). The pre-investment behaviour of business angels: A social capital approach. Venture Capital, 5, 337–364. CrossRef
Spence, L., & Schmidpeter, R. (2003). SMEs, social capital and the common good. Journal of Business Ethics, 45, 93–108. CrossRef
Spence, L., Schmidpeter, R., & Habisch, A. (2003). Assessing social capital: Small and medium sized enterprises in Germany and the UK. Journal of Business Ethics, 47, 17–29. CrossRef
Staber, U. (2007). Contextualising research on social capital in regional clusters. International Journal of Urban and Regional Studies, 31, 505–521. CrossRef
Staber, U. (2011). Partners forever? An empirical study of relational ties in two small-firm clusters. Urban Studies, 48, 235–252. CrossRef
Stam, W. (2010). Industry event participation and network brokerage among entrepreneurial ventures. Journal of Management Studies, 47, 625–653. CrossRef
Stam, W., & Elfring, T. (2008). Entrepreneurial orientation and new venture performance: The moderating role of intra-and-extraindustry social capital. Academy of Management Journal, 51, 97–111. CrossRef
Stam, W., Arzlanian, S., & Elfring, T. (2014). Social capital of entrepreneurs and small firm performance: A meta-analysis of contextual and methodological moderators. Journal of Business Venturing, 29, 152–173. CrossRef
Starkey, K., & Tempest, S. (2004). Bowling along: Strategic management and social capital. European Management Review, 1, 78–83. CrossRef
Steinfield, C., Scupola, A., & Lopez-Nicolas, C. (2010). Social capital, ICT use and company performance: Findings from the medicon valley biotech cluster. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 77, 1156–1166. CrossRef
Stevenson, W., & Radin, R. (2009). Social capital and social influence on the board of directors. Journal of Management Studies, 46, 16–44. CrossRef
Stiglitz, J. E. (2000). Formal and informal institutions. In P. Dasgupta & I. Serageldin (eds.), Social capital: A multifaceted perspective. Washington, DC: World Bank.
Stiglitz, J. E. (2003). Globalization and its discontents. New York: Norton.
Stolle, D. (2002). Trusting strangers – The concept of generalised trust in perspective. Österreichische Zeitschrift Für Politikwissenschaft, 31, 397–412.
Stolle, D., & Rochon, T. (1998). Are all associations alike? American Behavioural Scientist, 42, 47–65. CrossRef
Stringfellow, L., & MacLean, M. (2014). “Space of possibles”? Legitimacy, industry maturity, and organizational foresight. Strategic Change, 23, 171–183. CrossRef
Sutherland, L., & Burton, R. (2011). Good farmers, good neighbours? The role of cultural capital in social capital development in a Scottish farming community. Sociologia Ruralis, 51, 238–255. CrossRef
Suzuki, E., Takao, S., Subramanian, S. V., Komatsu, H., & Kawachi, I. (2010a). Does low workplace social capital have detrimental effect on workers’ health. Social Science & Medicine, 70, 1367–1372. CrossRef
Suzuki, E., Fujiwara, T., Takao, S., Subramanian, S. V., Yamamoto, E., & Kawachi, I. (2010b). Multi-level, cross-sectional study of workplace social capital and smoking among Japanese employees. BMC Public Health, 10, 1–9. CrossRef
Svendsen, G. L. H. (2006). Studying social capital in situ: A qualitative approach. Theory and Society, 35, 39–70. CrossRef
Svendsen, G. L., & Sorensen, J. F. (2007). There’s more to the picture than meets the eye: Measuring tangible and intangible capital in two marginal communities in rural Denmark. Journal of Rural Studies, 23, 453–471. CrossRef
Svendsen, G. L. H., & Svendsen, G. T. (2004). The creation and destruction of social capital: Entrepreneurship, co-operative movements and institutions. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar.
Sydow, J., & Windeler, A. (1998). Organizing and evaluating interfirm networks: A structurationist perspective on network processes and effectiveness. Organization Science, 9, 265–284. CrossRef
Szreter, S., & Woolcock, M. (2004). Health by association? Social capital, social theory, and the political economy of public health. International Journal of Epidemiology, 33, 650–667. CrossRef
Tanas, J. K., & Saee, J. (2007). Entrepreneurial cognition and its linkage to social capital. Journal of American Academy of Business, 11, 179–190.
Tian, J., Haleblian, J., & Rajagopalan, N. (2011). The effects of board human and social capital on investor reactions to new CEO selection. Strategic Management Journal, 32, 731–747. CrossRef
Timberlake, S. (2005). Social capital and gender in the workplace. Journal of Management Development, 24, 34–44. CrossRef
Tönnies, F. (1887). Community and society. New York: Harper Torchbooks.
Torche, F., & Valenzuela, E. (2011). Trust and reciprocity: A theoretical distinction of the sources of social capital. European Journal of Social Theory, 14, 181–198. CrossRef
Tortoriello, M., Reagans, R., & McEvily, B. (2012). Bridging the knowledge gap: The influence of strong ties, network cohesion, and network range on the transfer of knowledge between organizational units. Organization Science, 23, 1024–1039. CrossRef
Totterman, A. K., & Widen-Wulf, G. (2007). What a social capital perspective can bring to the understanding of information sharing in a university context. Information Research, 12, 1–12.
Totterman, H., & Sten, J. (2005). Start-ups business incubation and social capital. International Small Business Journal, 23, 487–511. CrossRef
Tsai, W. (2000). Social capital, strategic relatedness and the formation of interorganizational linkages. Strategic Management Journal, 21, 925–939. CrossRef
Tsai, W., & Ghoshal, S. (1998). Social capital and value creation: The role of intrafirm networks. The Academy of Management Journal, 41, 464–476. CrossRef
Tura, T., & Harmaakorpi, V. (2005). Social capital in building regional innovative capability. Regional Studies, 39, 1111–1125. CrossRef
Turner, S., & Nguyen, P. (2005). Young entrepreneurs, social capital and Doi Moi in Hanoi, Vietnam. Urban Studies, 52, 2515–2550.
Tymon, W. G., & Stumpf, S. A. (2003). Social capital in the success of knowledge workers. Career Development International, 8, 12–20. CrossRef
Upton, C. (2008). Social capital, collective action and group formation: Development trajectories in post-socialist Mongolia. Human Ecology, 36, 175–188. CrossRef
Urquhart, C., Liyanage, S., & Kah, M. M. (2008). ICTs and poverty reduction: A social capital and knowledge perspective. Journal of Information Technology, 23, 203–213. CrossRef
Uzzi, B., Amaral, L., & Reed-Tsochas, F. (2007). Small-world networks and management science research: A review. European Management Review, 4, 77–91. CrossRef
Van Der Gaag, M., & Snijders, T. A. B. (2003). A comparison of measures for individual social capital. SCALE Research Project, ICS University of Groningen Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, 1–31.
Van Groenou, M. I. V., & Van Tilburg, T. V. (2003). Network size and support in old age: Differentials by socio-economic status in childhood and adulthood. Ageing and Society, 23, 625–645. CrossRef
Vandaie, R. (2007). Developing a framework to describe the interaction of social and intellectual capital in organizations. Journal of Knowledge Management Practice, 8, 1–10.
Vershinina, N., Barrett, R., & Meyer, M. (2011). Forms of capital, intra-ethnic variation and Polish entrepreneurs in Leicester. Work Employment and Society, 25, 101–117. CrossRef
Villena, V., Revilla, E., & Choi, T. (2011). The dark side of buyer-supplier relationships: A social capital perspective. Journal of Operations Management, 29, 561–576. CrossRef
Walker, G., Kogut, B., & Shan, W. (1997). Social capital, structural holes and the formation of an industry network. Organization Science, 8, 109–125. CrossRef
Walsh, J. P. (1995). Managerial and organizational cognition: Notes from a trip down memory lane. Organization Science, 6, 280–321. CrossRef
Watson, G. W., & Papamarcos, S. D. (2002). Social capital and organizational commitment. Journal of Business and Psychology, 16, 537–552. CrossRef
Weber, M. (1978). Economy and society – An outline of interpretive sociology. Berkeley/Los Angeles/London: University of California Press.
Weber, B., & Weber, C. (2007). Corporate venture capital as a means of radical innovation: Relational fit, social capital and knowledge transfer. Journal of Engineering and Technology Management, 24, 11–35. CrossRef
Wellman, B., Quan-Haase, A., Witte, J., & Hampton, K. (2001). Does the Internet increase, decrease, or supplement social capital? The American Behavioural Scientist, 45, 436–455. CrossRef
Welter, F., Trettin, L., & Neumann, U. (2008). Fostering entrepreneurship in distressed urban neighborhoods. International Entrepreneurship Management Journal, 4, 109–128. CrossRef
Welter, F., & Smallbone, D. (2006). Exploring the role of trust in entrepreneurial activity. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 30, 465–475. CrossRef
Westerlund, M., & Svahn, S. (2008). A relationship value perspective of social capital in networks of software SMEs. Industrial Marketing Management, 37, 492–501. CrossRef
Western, J., Stimson, R., Baum, S., & Van Gellecum, Y. V. (2005). Measuring community strength and social capital. Regional Studies, 39, 1095–1109. CrossRef
Westlund, H., & Bolton, R. (2003). Local social capital and entrepreneurship. Small Business Economics, 21, 77–113. CrossRef
Widen-Wulff, G., Ek, S., Ginman, M., Perttila, R., Sodergard, P., & Totterman, A. K. (2008). Information behaviour meets social capital: A conceptual model. Journal of Information Science, 34, 346–355. CrossRef
Widen-Wulff, G., & Ginman, M. (2004). Explaining knowledge sharing in organizations through the dimensions of social capital. Journal of Information Science, 30, 448–458. CrossRef
Willem, A., & Scarborough, H. (2006). Social capital and political bias in knowledge sharing: An exploratory study. Human Relations, 59, 1343–1370. CrossRef
Williams, D. (2007). The impact of time online: Social capital and cyberbalkanization. CyberPsychology & Behavior, 10, 398–406. CrossRef
Williams, N., & Huggins, R. (2013). Supporting entrepreneurship in deprived communities: A vision too far? Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, 20, 165–180. CrossRef
Williams, N., & Williams, C. C. (2011). Tackling barriers to entrepreneurship in a deprived urban neighbourhood. Local Economy, 26, 30–42. CrossRef
Woolcock, M. (1998). Social capital and economic development: Toward a theoretical synthesis and policy framework. Theory & Society, 27, 151–208. CrossRef
Woolcock, M., & Narayan, D. (2000). Social capital: Implications for development theory, research, and policy. The World Bank Research Observer, 15, 225–249. CrossRef
Wright-Morton, L. (2003). Small town services and facilities: The influence of social networks and civic structure on perceptions of quality. City & Community, 2, 102–120. CrossRef
Wu, W. (2008). Dimensions of social capital and firm competitiveness improvement: The mediating role of information sharing. Journal of Management Studies, 45, 122–146.
Wu, W. Y., Chang, M. L., & Chen, C. W. (2008). Promoting innovation through the accumulation of intellectual capital, social capital, and entrepreneurial orientation. R and D Management, 38, 265–277.
Xiao, Z. X., & Tsui, A. S. (2007). When brokers may not work: The cultural contingency of social capital in Chinese high-tech firms. Administrative Science Quarterly, 52, 1–31. CrossRef
Yli-Renko, H., Autio, E., & Sapienza, H. J. (2001). Social capital, knowledge acquisition, and knowledge exploitation in young technology-based firms. Strategic Management Journal, 22, 587–613. CrossRef
Yli-Renko, H., Autio, E., & Tontti, V. (2002). Social capital, knowledge, and the international growth of technology-based new firms. International Business Review, 11, 279–304. CrossRef
Youndt, M. A., & Snell, S. A. (2004). Human resource configurations, intellectual capital, and organizational performance. Journal of Managerial Issues, 16, 337–360.
Youtie, J., & Shapiro, P. (2008). Building an innovation hub: A case study of the transformation of university roles in regional technological and economic development. Research Policy, 37, 1188–1204. CrossRef
Yu, Y., Hao, J. X., Dong, X. Y., & Khalifa, M. (2013). A multilevel model for effects of social capital and knowledge sharing in knowledge-intensive work teams. International Journal of Information Management, 33, 780–790. CrossRef
Zaheer, A., & Bell, G. (2005). Benefiting from network position: Firm capabilities, structural holes, and performance. Strategic Management Journal, 26, 809–825. CrossRef
Zaheer, A., & Venkatraman, N. (1995). Relational governance as an interorganizational strategy: An empirical test of the role of trust in economic exchange. Strategic Management Journal, 16, 373–392. CrossRef
Zaheer, A., Gozubuyuk, R., & Milanov, H. (2010). It’s the connections: The network perspective in interorganizational research. Academy of Management Perspectives, 24, 62–77. CrossRef
Zaheer, A. B., McEvily, V., & Perrone, V. (1998). Exploring the effects of interorganizational and interpersonal trust on performance. Organization Science, 9, 141–159. CrossRef
Zahra, S. A., Yavuz, R. I., & Ucbasaran, D. (2006). How much do you trust me? The dark side of relational trust in new business creation in established companies. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 30, 541–559. CrossRef
Zahra, S. A. (2010). Harvesting family firms’ organizational social capital: A relational perspective. Journal of Management Studies, 47, 345–366.
Zheng, W. (2010). A social capital perspective of innovation from individuals to nations: Where is empirical literature directing us? International Journal of Management Reviews, 12, 151–183. CrossRef
Andrews, R. (2010). Organizational social capital, structure and performance. Human Relations, 63, 583–608. CrossRef
Ashforth, B., Sluss, D., & Saks, A. (2007). Socialization tactics, proactive behavior, and newcomer learning: Integrating socialization models. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 70, 447–462. CrossRef
Blaschke, S., Schoeneborn, D., & Seidl, D. (2012). Organizations as networks of communication episodes: Turning the network perspective inside out. Organization Studies, 33, 879–906. CrossRef
Burt, R.S. (1992). Structural holes. The social structure of competition. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Cao, Q., Simsek, Z., & Jansen, J. (2015). CEO Social Capital and Entrepreneurial Orientation of the Firm – Bonding and Bridging Effects. Journal of Management, 41, 1957–1981. CrossRef
D’Andreta, D., Marabelli, M.,Newell, S., Scarborough, H., & Swan, J. (2016). Dominant cognitive frames and the innovative power of social networks. Organization Studies, 37, 293–321. CrossRef
DeClercq, D., Dimov, D., & Thongpapani, N. (2013). Organizational social capital, formalization, and internal knowledge sharing in entrepreneurial orientation formation. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 37, 505–537. CrossRef
Doak, S., & Assimakopoulos, D. (2007). How forensic scientists learn to investigate cases in practice. R & D Management, 37, 113–122.
Filleri, R., McNally, R., O’Dwyer, M., & O’Malley, L. (2014). Structural social capital evolution and knowledge transfer: Evidence from an Irish Pharmaceutical network. Industrial Marketing Management, 43, 429–440. CrossRef
Galunic, C., Ertug, G., & Gargiulo, M. (2012). The positive externalities of social capital: Benefitting from senior brokers. Academy of Management Journal, 55, 1213–1231. CrossRef
Graham, L. (2016). Beyond social capital – The role of leadership, trust and government policy in Northern Ireland’s victim support groups. Basingstoke and New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
Grossman, E., Yli-Renko, H., & Janakiraman, R. (2012). Resource search, interpersonal similarity and network tie valuation in nascent entrepreneurs’ emerging networks. Journal of Management, 38, 1760–1787. CrossRef
Hsu, D., & Lim, K. (2014). Knowledge brokering and organizational innovation: Founder imprinting effects. Organization Science, 25, 1134–1153. CrossRef
Khan, S., Kazmi, S., & Rifaqat, Z. (2007). Harnessing and guiding social capital for rural development. Basingstoke and New York: Palgrave Macmillan. CrossRef
Kleinbaum, A. (2012). Organizational misfits and the origins of brokerage in intrafirm networks. Administrative Science Quarterly, 57, 407–452. CrossRef
Kreiser, P., Patel, P., & Fiet, J. (2013). The influence of changes in social capital on firm-founding activities. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 37, 539–567. CrossRef
Lee, R., Tuselmann, H., Jayawarna, D., & Rouse, J. (2011). Investigating the social capital and resource acquisition of entrepreneurs residing in deprived areas of England. Environment and Planning C, 29, 1054–1072. CrossRef
Masciarelli, F. (2011). The strategic value of social capital – how firms capitalize on social assets. Cheltenham UK: Edward Elgar. CrossRef
Maurer, I., Bartsch, V., & Ebers, M. (2011). The value of intra-organizational social capital: How it fosters knowledge. Organization Studies, 32, 157–185.
Portes, A., & Sensenbrenner, J. (1993). Embeddedness and immigration: Notes on the social determinants of economic action. American Journal of Sociology, 98, 1320–1349. CrossRef
Prasantham, S. (2011). Social capital and Indian micromultinationals. British Journal of Management, 22, 4–20. CrossRef
Ramos-Rodriguez, A.R., Medina-Garrido, J.A., Lorenzo-Gomez, J.D., & Ruiz-Navarro, J. (2010). What you know or who you know? The role of intellectual and social capital in opportunity recognition. International Small Business Journal, 28, 566–582. CrossRef
Rauch, A., Rosenbusch, N., Unger, J., & Frese, M. (2016). The effectiveness of cohesive and diversified networks: A meta-analysis. Journal of Business Research, 69, 554–568. CrossRef
Rose, R. 2000. How much does social capital add to individual social capital? A survey study of Russians. Social Science & Medicine, 51, 1421–1435. CrossRef
Scholten, V., Omta, O., Kemp, R., & Elfring, T. (2015). Bridging ties and the role of research and start-up experience on the early growth of Dutch academic spin-offs. Technovation, 45–46, 40–51. CrossRef
Shipilov, A. (2009). Firm scope experience, historic multimarket contact with partners, centrality, and the relationship between structural holes and performance. Organization Science, 20, 85–106. CrossRef
Shipilov, A., Li, S., & Greve, H. (2011). The prince and the pauper; Search and brokerage in the initiation of Status Heterophilous ties. Organization Science, 22, 1418–1434. CrossRef
Sorensen, R. L. (2011). Social capital and family business. In R. L. Sorensen (ed.), Family Business and Social Capital. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar. CrossRef
Stinchfield, B., Nelson, R., & Wood, M., (2013). Learning from Levi-strauss’ legacy – Art, craft, engineering, bricolage, and brokerage in entrepreneurship. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 37, 889–921. CrossRef
Subramanian, S. V., Lochner, K. A., & Kawachi, I. (2003). Neighborhood differences in social capital: A compositional artifact or a contextual construct? Health & Place, 9, 33–44. CrossRef
Sytch, M., Jatarynowicz, A., & Gulati, R. (2012). Toward a theory of extended contact: The incentives and opportunities for bridging across network communities. Organization Science, 23, 1658–1681. CrossRef
Tan, J., Zhang, H., & Wang, L. (2015). Network closure or structural Holes? The conditioning effects of network-level social capital on innovation performance. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 39, 1189–1212. CrossRef
Tiwana, A. (2008). Do bridging ties complement strong ties? An empirical examination of alliance ambidexterity. Strategic Management Journal, 29, 251–272. CrossRef
Tortoriello, M., McEvily, B., & Krackhardt, D. (2015). Being a catalyst of innovation: The role of knowledge diversity and network closure. Organization Science, 26, 423–438. CrossRef
Van Hoye, G., Van Hooft, E., & Lievens, F. (2009). Networking as a job search behavior: A social network perspective. Journal of Organization and Psychology, 82, 661–682. CrossRef
Wang, M., & Chen, M. (2016). The more, the better? The Impact of closure, collaboration network and networking structures on technologybased new ventures’ performance. R & D Management, 46, 174–192. CrossRef
Westlund, H. (2006). Social capital in the knowledge economy. Berlin Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag.
Wong, S., & Boh, W. (2014). The contingent effects of social network sparseness and centrality on managerial innovativeness. Journal of Management Studies, 51, 1180–1203.
Efendic, A., Mickiewicz, T., & Rebmann, A. (2015). Growth aspirations and social capital: Young firms in a post-conflict environment. International Small Business Journal, 33, 537–561. CrossRef
Westlund, H., & Kobayashi, K. (2013). Social capital and sustainable urban-rural relationships in the global knowledge society. In H. Westlund, & K. Kobayashi, (eds.), Social capital and rural development in the knowledge society. Cheltenham UK: Edward Elgar. CrossRef
Okoli, C., & Oh, W. (2007). Investigating recognition-based performance in an open content community: A social capital perspective. Information & Management, 44, 240–252.
Huggins, R. (2000). The success and failure of policy-implanted inter-firm network initiatives: Motivations, processes and structure. Entrepreneurship and Regional Development, 12, 111–135.
Westlund, H., & Nilsson, E. (2005). Measuring enterprises investments in social capital: A pilot study. Regional Studies, 39, 1079–1094. CrossRef
- Social Capital: Its Foundations and Application in Management and Entrepreneurship
- Palgrave Macmillan UK
Neuer Inhalt/© Stellmach, Neuer Inhalt/© BBL, Neuer Inhalt/© Maturus, Pluta Logo/© Pluta, Neuer Inhalt/© hww, Best Practices zu agiler Qualität