Weitere Artikel dieser Ausgabe durch Wischen aufrufen
We analyzed the linearity of relationships between soil test P (STP) and cumulative phosphorus (P) budget using data from six long-term fertilized grassland sites in four countries: France (Ercé and Gramond), Switzerland (Les Verrières), Canada (Lévis), and Finland (Maaninka and Siikajoki). STP was determined according to existing national guidelines. A linear-plateau model was used to determine the presence of deflection points in the relationships. Deflection points with (x, y) coordinates were observed everywhere but Maaninka. Above the deflection point, a significant linear relationship was obtained (0.33 < r 2 < 0.72) at four sites, while below the deflection point, the relationship was not significant, with a negligible rate of STP decrease. The relationship was not linear over the range of STP encountered at most sites, suggesting a need for caution when using the P budget approach to predict STP changes in grasslands, particularly in situations of very low P fertilization. Our study provides insights and description of a tool to improve global P strategies aimed at maintaining STP at levels adequate for grassland production while reducing the risk of P pollution of water.
Blake, L., A.E. Johnston, P.R. Poulton, and K.W.T. Goulding. 2003. Changes in soil phosphorus fractions following positive and negative phosphorus balances for long periods. Plant and Soil 254: 245–261. CrossRef
Ciampitti, I.A., F.O. Garcia, L.I. Picone, and G. Rubio. 2011. Phosphorus budget and soil extractable dynamics in field crop rotations in Mollisols. Soil Science Society of America Journal 75: 131–142. CrossRef
CRAAQ. 2010. Reference guide for crop fertilization. 2nd edn., 473 pp. Centre de Référence en Agriculture et Agroalimentaire du Québec, Québec (in French).
Demaria, P., R. Flisch, E. Frossard, and S. Sinaj. 2005. Exchangeability of phosphate extracted by four chemical methods. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science 168: 89–93. CrossRef
Gallet, A., R. Flisch, J.-P. Ryser, E. Frossard, and S. Sinaj. 2003. Effect of phosphate fertilization on crop yield and soil phosphorus status. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science 166: 568–578. CrossRef
Havlin, J.L., J. Beaton, S.L. Tisdale, and W.L. Nelson. 2014. Soil Fertility and Fertilizers, 8th edn., 516 pp. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.
Helsinki Commission, Baltic Marine Environmental Commission. 2005. Nutrient pollution to the Baltic Sea in 2000. In Baltic Sea environment proceedings No. 100, 24 pp. Retrieved, from http://www.helcom.fi/stc/files/Publications/Proceedings/bsep100.pdf.
Isaac, R.A., and W.C. Johnson. 1976. Determination of total nitrogen in plant tissue, using a block digestor. Journal of the Association of Analytical Chemists 59: 98–100.
Johnston, A.E., and P.R. Poulton. 1977. Yields on the Exhaustion Land and changes in the NPK contents of the soils due to cropping and manuring, 1852–1975. Rothamsted Experimental Station Report for 1976, Part 2, 53–85.
Johnston, A.E., P.R. Poulton, and J.K. Syers. 2001. Phosphorus, potassium and sulphur cycles in agricultural soils. Proceedings of the International Fertiliser Society 465: 1–44.
Jouany, C., P. Cruz, P. Petibon, and M. Duru. 2004. Diagnosing phosphorus status of natural grassland in the presence of white clover. European Journal of Agronomy 21: 273–285. CrossRef
Lkhagvasuren, B., J.J. Schoenau, D.W. Anderson, and S.S. Malhi. 2011. Plant and soil responses to nitrogen and phosphorus fertilization of bromegrass-dominated haylands in Saskatchewan, Canada. Grass & Forage Science 66: 351–360. CrossRef
Ma, Y., J. Li, X. Li, X. Tang, Y. Liang, S. Huang, B. Wang, H. Liu, et al. 2009. Phosphorus accumulation and depletion in soils in wheat–maize cropping systems: Modeling and validation. Field Crops Research 110: 207–212. CrossRef
Malhi, S.S., J.T. Harapiak, R. Karamanos, K.S. Gill, and N. Flore. 2003. Distribution of acid extractable P and exchangeable K in a grassland soil as affected by long-term surface application of N, P and K fertilizers. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems 67: 265–272. CrossRef
Malhi, S.S., B. Coulman, and J.J. Schoenau. 2009. Maximizing timothy forage yield and quality by balanced nitrogen, phosphorus, and sulfur fertilization. Agronomy Journal 101: 1182–1189. CrossRef
Mehlich, A. 1984. Mehlich-3 soil test extractant: a modification of Mehlich-2 extractant. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis 15: 1409–1416. CrossRef
Messiga, A.J., N. Ziadi, D. Plénet, L.-E. Parent, and C. Morel. 2010. Long-term changes in soil phosphorus status related to P budgets under maize monoculture and mineral fertilization. Soil Use and Management 26: 354–364. CrossRef
Messiga, A.J., N. Ziadi, C. Grant, C. Morel, G. Tremblay, G. Lamarre, and L.-E. Parent. 2012a. Long term impact of tillage practices and biennial P and N fertilization on maize and soybean yields and soil P status. Field Crops Research 133: 10–22. CrossRef
Messiga, A.J., N. Ziadi, G. Bélanger, and C. Morel. 2012b. Process-based mass-balance modeling of soil phosphorus availability in a grassland fertilized with N and P. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems 92: 273–287. CrossRef
Messiga, A.J., N. Ziadi, G. Bélanger, and C. Morel. 2013. Soil nutrient and other major properties in grassland fertilized with nitrogen and phosphorus. Soil Science Society of America Journal 77: 643–652. CrossRef
Messiga, A.J., N. Ziadi, G. Bélanger, and C. Morel. 2014a. Relationship between soil phosphorus and phosphorus budget in grass sward with varying nitrogen applications. Soil Science Society of America Journal 78: 1481–1488. CrossRef
Messiga, A.J., Y. Ba, N. Ziadi, G. Bélanger, and J. Lafond. 2014b. Assessing the depletion of soil P following sequential extractions with Mehlich-3 and Olsen solutions. Archives of Agronomy and Soil Science 60: 1445–1458. CrossRef
Morel, C., H. Tunney, D. Plénet, and S. Pellerin. 2000. Transfer of phosphate ions between soil and solution: perspectives in soil testing. Journal of Environmental Quality 29: 50–59. CrossRef
Morel, C., N. Ziadi, A. Messiga, G. Bélanger, P. Denoroy, B. Jeangros, C. Jouany, J.-C. Fardeau, et al. 2014. Modeling of phosphorus dynamics in contrasting agroecosystems using long-term field experiments. Canadian Journal of Soil Science 94: 377–387. CrossRef
Oehl, F., A. Oberson, H.U. Tagmann, J.M. Besson, D. Dubois, P. Mäder, H.-R. Roth, and E. Frossard. 2002. Phosphorus budget and phosphorus availability in soils under organic and conventional farming. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems 62: 25–35. CrossRef
Olsen, S.R., C.V. Cole, F.B. Watanabe, and L.A. Dean. 1954. Estimation of available phosphorus in soils by extraction with sodium bicarbonate (USDA Circular 939). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.
Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). 2008. Environmental Performance of Agriculture in OECD countries since 1990, Paris. Retrieved August 12, 2014, from http://www.oecd.org/tad/env/indicators.
Power, V., H. Tunney, and D.W. Jeffery. 2005. The phosphorus requirements for silage production on high fertility soils. Irish Journal of Agriculture and Food Research 44: 281–296.
Reijneveld, J.A., P.A.I. Ehlert, A.J. Termorshuizen, and O. Oenema. 2010. Changes in the soil phosphorus status of agricultural land in the Netherlands during the 20th century. Soil Use and Management 26: 399–411. CrossRef
Richards, I.R., and C.J. Dawson. 2008. Phosphorus imports, exports, fluxes and sinks in Europe. Proceeding of the International Fertilizer Society 638: 1–28.
Saarela, I., A. Jarvi, H. Hakkola, and K. Rinne. 2004. Phosphorus status of diverse soils in Finland as influenced by long-term P fertilization. 2. Changes of soil test values in relation to P balance with references to incorporation depth of residual and freshly applied P. Agricultural and Food Science 13: 276–294. CrossRef
SAS Institute. 2001. SAS/ STAT software, Release 8.2. Cary, NC: SAS Institute.
Senthilkumar, K., T. Nesme, A. Mollier, and S. Pellerin. 2012a. Conceptual design and quantification of phosphorus flows and balances at the country scale: The case of France. Global Biogeochemistry Cycles 26: 1–14. CrossRef
Senthilkumar, K., T. Nesme, A. Mollier, and S. Pellerin. 2012b. Regional-scale phosphorus flows and budgets within France: The importance of agricultural production systems. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems 92: 145–159. CrossRef
Serrano, J.M., S. Shahidian, and J.R. Marques da Silva. 2014. Soil phosphorus retention in a Mediterranean pasture subjected to differential management. European Journal of Soil Science 65: 562–572. CrossRef
Smit, A.L., P.S. Bindraban, J.J. Schröder, J.G. Conijn, and H.G. van der Meer. 2009. Phosphorus in agriculture: Global resources, trends and developments, Report 282, 36 pp. Wageningen: Plant Research International B.V.
Soil Survey Staff. 2010. Keys to soil taxonomy. 11th edn., 338p. Washington, DC: NRCS.
Spiess, E. 2011. Nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium balances and cycles of Swiss agriculture from 1975 to 2008. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems 91: 351–365. CrossRef
Tunney, H., P. Csatho, and P. Ehlert. 2003. Approaches to calculating P balance at the field scale. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science 166: 438–446. CrossRef
Tunney, H., L. Kirwan, W. Fu, N. Culleton, and A.D. Black. 2010. Long-term phosphorus grassland experiment for beef production—Impacts on soil phosphorus levels and liveweight gains. Soil Use and Management 26: 237–244. CrossRef
Uusi-Kämppä, J., and H. Heinonen-Tanski. 2008. Evaluating slurry broadcasting and injection to ley for phosphorus runoff. Journal of Environmental Quality 36: 2339–2350. CrossRef
Valkama, E., R. Uusitalo, K. Ylivainio, P. Virkajarvi, and E. Turtola. 2009. Phosphorus fertilization: a meta-analysis of 80 years of research in Finland. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 130: 75–85. CrossRef
Vuorinen, J., and O. Mäkitie. 1955. The method of soil testing in use in Finland. Agrogeology Publication 63: 1–44.
Watson, C.A., H. Bengtsson, M. Ebbesvik, A.K. Loes, A. Myrbeck, E. Salomon, J. Schroder, and E.A. Stockdale. 2002. A review of farm-scale nutrient budgets for organic farms as a tool for management of soil fertility. Soil Use and Management 18: 264–273. CrossRef
Webb, J.R., A.P. Mallarino, and A.M. Blackmer. 1992. Effects of residual and annually applied phosphorus on soil test values and yields of corn and soybean. Journal of Production Agriculture 5: 148–152. CrossRef
Whitehead, D.C. 2000. Nutrient elements in grasslands, 369. Wallingford: CABI Publishing. CrossRef
Zhang, T.Q., A.F. MacKenzie, and B.C. Liang. 1995. Long-term changes in Mehlich-3 extractable P and K in a sandy clay loam soil under continuous corn ( Zea mays L.). Canadian Journal of Soil Science 75: 361–367. CrossRef
- Soil test phosphorus and cumulative phosphorus budgets in fertilized grassland
Aimé Jean Messiga
- Springer Netherlands