Criticism of the social, cultural and ecological consequences of tourism was first voiced back in the 70’s. But more than a decade elapsed before this insight became widespread and was generally accepted (cf. BMZ 1993). Among the people involved with tourism today it is almost a commonplace that tourism can have adverse environmental impacts and that they should be limited as far as possible. Solution strategies in the form of programmes, planning strategies, regulation and recommendations can thus be found in governmental and inter-governmental bodies and non-governmental organisations as well as in the tourism industry itself. These plans are of varying — generally slight — degree of feasibility or binding quality, which is evidenced, for one thing, by the fact that there is a multitude of recommendations, but there are hardly any binding agreements. Most radical in this regard are legislative regulations in a number of destination countries, but very frequently — particularly in developing countries — there is no way to implement or enforce them effectively.
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- Solution Strategies
German Federal Agency for Nature Conservation
- Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Systemische Notwendigkeit zur Weiterentwicklung von Hybridnetzen