Weitere Kapitel dieses Buchs durch Wischen aufrufen
Individuals encounter various problems every day in their workplaces. The problems might involve decision-making (e.g., Should I use a bell to help my trainees settle down quickly lunch?), trouble-shooting (e.g. How do I get this printer to work with the computer?), or design (e.g. How can I design a weather forecasting lesson activity for a 40-min class period?). One particular concern of many teacher trainees is solving design related problems. Design problems are the most complex and ill-structured type of problem. In this chapter, we first describe the characteristics of ill-structured problems and later discuss how people design, including design thinking. We then describe some limitations of the traditional classroom environment to support design problem solving, and propose a blended learning approach which incorporates design thinking features. We subsequently describe an empirical study that tested this blended learning approach to help students, who took an education elective course, design instructional programs such as web-based learning material and computer-based multimedia learning packages. Overall, we found significantly better students’ performance in their final design projects (M = 18.5, SD = 2.21) compared to previous students (M = 14.9, SD = 3.50), (t = −3.525, df = 33, p < 0.01) who did not utilize the blended learning approach based on design thinking features. We discuss several important lessons learned that could inform the design of future instructional strategies in implementing blended learning for the purpose of helping students solve design problems.
Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten
Sie möchten Zugang zu diesem Inhalt erhalten? Dann informieren Sie sich jetzt über unsere Produkte:
Anderson, L., & Krathwohl, D. (2001). A taxonomy of learning, teaching and assessing: a revision of bloom’s taxonomy of educational objectives. New York: Addison Wesley Longman.
Becker, H. J. (2000). Findings from the teaching, learning, and computing survey: Is Larry Cuban right? Education Policy Analysis Archives, 8(15). Retrieved on September 24, 2012, from http://epaa.asu.edu/ojs/article/view/442/565
Bereiter, C. (1994). Constructivism, socioculturalism, and Popper’s World 3. Educational Researcher, 23(7), 21–23. CrossRef
Brown, T. (2008). Design thinking. Harvard Business Review (June}, 1–9.
Brown, T. (2009). Change by Design: How Design Thinking Transforms Organizations and Inspires Innovation. New York: HarperBusiness.
Brown, T., & Wyatt, J. (2010). Design thinking for social innovation. Stanford Social Innovation Review, 31–35.
Buchanan, R. (1992). Wicked problems in design thinking. Design Issues, 8(2), 5–21.
Cheung, W. S., & Hew, K. F. (2011). Design and evaluation of two blended learning approaches: Lessons learned. Australasian Journal of Educational Technology, 27(8), 1319–1337.
Cross, N. (2011). Design thinking: Understanding how designers think and work. New York: Berg Publishers.
Dick, W. (1996). The Dick and Carey Model: Will it survive the decade? Educational Technology Research and Development, 44(3), 55–63. CrossRef
Dorst, K. (2011). The core of ‘design thinking’ and its application. Design Studies, 32, 521–532. CrossRef
Dym, C. L., Agogino, A. M., Eris, O., Frey, D. D., & Leifer, L. J. (2005). Engineering design thinking, teaching, and learning. Journal of Engineering Education, 94(1), 103–120. CrossRef
Dym, C. L., & Little, L. (2004). Engineering Design: A Project-Based Introduction (2nd ed.)., New York: Wiley.
Gordon, J., & Zemke, R. (2000). The attack on ISD. Training (April), 43–52.
Gustafson, K. L., & Branch, R. M. (2002). Survey of instructional development models (4th ed.). Syracuse, NY: ERIC Clearinghouse on Information and Technology.
Hekkert, P., & van Dijk, M. B. (2011). Vision in design: a guidebook for innovators. Amsterdam: BIS Publishers.
Hew, K. F., & Cheung, W. S. (2012). Student participation in online discussions: Challenges, solutions, and future research. New York: Springer. CrossRef
IDEO HCD toolkit (2012). Human centered design tool kit (2nd ed.). Retrieved on September 17, 2012, from http://www.ideo.com/work/human-centered-design-toolkit/
Jonassen, D. H. (1997). Instructional design models for well-structured and ill-structured problem solving learning outcomes. Educational Technology Research and Development, 45(1), 65–94. CrossRef
Jonassen, D. H. (2000). Toward a design theory of problem solving. Educational Technology Research and Development, 48(4), 63–85. CrossRef
Lawson, B. (2006). How designers think: The design process demystified (4th ed.). UK: Elsevier, Oxford.
Lim, S. H. S. (2011). Case studies of pupil designing. Unpublished master dissertation. Nanyang Technological University, Singapore.
McManus, I. C., Jones, A. L., & Cottrell, J. (1981). The aesthetics of colour. Perception, 10, 651–666.
Meacham, J. A., & Emont, N. C. (1989). The interpersonal basis of everyday problem solving. In J. D. Sinnott (Ed.), Everyday problem solving: Theory and applications (pp. 7–23). New York: Praeger.
Miller, G.A. (1956). The magical number seven, plus or minus two: Some limits on our capacity for processing information. Psychological Review, 63, 81–97.
Mostow, J. (1985). Toward better models of the design process. AI Magazine, 6(1), 44–66.
Norman, D. A. (1988). The psychology of everyday things. New York: Basic Books.
Owen, C. (2007). Design thinking: Notes on its nature and uses. Design Research Quarterly, 2, 16–27.
Razzouk, R., & Shute, V. (2012). What is design thinking and why is it important? Review of Educational Research, 82(3), 330–348. CrossRef
Reigeluth, C. M. (2003). Clearing the muddy waters: A response to Barbara Bichelmeyer. IDT Record. Retrieved on September 23, 2005, from http://www.indiana.edu/%7Eidt/articles/documents/Reigeluth_response_to_Bichelmeyer.htm
Simon, H. A. (1955). A behavioral model of rational choice. Quarterly Journal of Economics, 69(1), 99–118.
Skaggs, P., Fry, R., & Howell, B. (2009, March 19–21). Thinking about design thinking. Paper presented at the NCIIA 13th Annual Meeting, Washington, DC.
Wong, V. (2009). How business is adopting design thinking. Bloomberg Businessweek. Retrieved on February 11, 2014, from http://www.businessweek.com/printer/articles/323796-how-business-is-adopting-design-thinking?type=old_article
Yau C-M., & Ong. C. C. (2005). Pupils’ views towards design and technology in Singapore. Design and Technology Education: An International Journal, 10(3), 37–49.
- Solving Design Problems: A Blended Learning Approach Based on Design Thinking Features
Khe Foon Hew
Wing Sum Cheung
- Springer Singapore
- Chapter 3
Neuer Inhalt/© ITandMEDIA, Best Practices für die Mitarbeiter-Partizipation in der Produktentwicklung/© astrosystem | stock.adobe.com