Skip to main content
main-content

Über dieses Buch

This book presents fundamental theories, design and testing methodologies, and engineering applications concerning spacecraft thermal control systems, helping readers gain a comprehensive understanding of spacecraft thermal control systems and technologies. With abundant design methods, advanced technologies and typical applications to help them grasp the basic concepts and principles of engineering applications, it is mainly intended for engineering and technical staff engaged in spacecraft thermal control areas.
The book discusses the thermal environments commonly used for space flight missions, rules and regulations for system design, thermal analysis and simulation, and thermal testing methods, as well as the design and validation of the thermal control systems for Chinese spacecraft, such as the Shenzhou spacecraft and Chang’e Lunar Lander and Rover. It also introduces them to communication and remote sensing satellites and presents advanced thermal control technologies developed in recent years, including heat transfer, heat insulation, heating, refrigeration and thermal sensor technologies.
Addressing the design and validation of thermal control systems for various types of Chinese spacecraft, the book offers a valuable theoretical and practical reference guide for researchers and engineers alike.

Inhaltsverzeichnis

Frontmatter

1. Introduction

Abstract
As an essential part, thermal control system, together with the attitude and orbit control system, the structure and mechanism system, the power supply system, the TT&C system, the data management system and the payload system, constitutes the spacecraft. The thermal control technology serves for the whole spacecraft and other systems. Therefore, it is the generic technology of spacecraft engineering.
Jianyin Miao, Qi Zhong, Qiwei Zhao, Xin Zhao

2. Space Environment

Abstract
Generally, space environment refers to the astrospace environment outside the Earth’s atmosphere. In the research oriented to spacecraft, the space environment scope includes the environment at special stages of space exploration such as spacecraft launching, return and re-entry, in addition to the environment of other celestial bodies like the moon, Mars, etc.
Jianyin Miao, Qi Zhong, Qiwei Zhao, Xin Zhao

3. Design of Spacecraft Thermal Control Subsystem

Abstract
The purpose of spacecraft thermal control is, according to the requirements of a flight mission and the condition of internal and external thermal loads to which the spacecraft is exposed in the whole life cycle, to systematically take thermal control measures to organize the heat exchange processes inside and outside the spacecraft so as to keep the temperature of onboard equipments, structures and living environment within the prescribed limits.
Jianyin Miao, Qi Zhong, Qiwei Zhao, Xin Zhao

4. Typical Thermal Control Technologies for Spacecraft

Abstract
Common spacecraft thermal control technologies mainly include heat transfer technology, thermal insulation technology, heating technology, cooling technology, temperature measurement and thermal control technology, etc. Among them, heat transfer technology involves thermal conductive materials, heat pipes, thermal interface materials, thermal control coatings, fluid loops, convection ventilation devices, radiators, consumptive heat dissipating devices, phase change material devices, thermal switches, etc.
Jianyin Miao, Qi Zhong, Qiwei Zhao, Xin Zhao

5. Typical Thermal Control Design Cases of Spacecraft

Abstract
The basic thermal control principles, methods and common thermal control technologies of the spacecraft have been thoroughly demonstrated in the aforesaid chapters. This chapter further introduces the applications of these principles, technologies and methods in the thermal control of the spacecraft and parts based on the aforesaid.
Jianyin Miao, Qi Zhong, Qiwei Zhao, Xin Zhao

6. Thermal Analysis Technology

Abstract
Thermal analysis can be regarded as virtual test or numerical test, which plays an important role in spacecraft thermal control design, ground test verification and in-orbit technical support. In the design phase, thermal analysis is the most important means to determine the configuration (i.e., functional and physical characteristics). In the design verification stage, the thermal model is correlated with the results of ground thermal balance test, and the flight performance is further predicted. While being verified by test, the thermal analysis also validates the thermal design.
Jianyin Miao, Qi Zhong, Qiwei Zhao, Xin Zhao

7. Spacecraft Thermal Testing

Abstract
Spacecraft generally operates in vacuum and deep cold environment. Some special planetary surface detectors, such as Mars surface detectors may operate in atmospheric environment. Spacecraft receives orbital heat flux in such forms as solar radiation, planetary (lunar) albedo radiation and planetary (lunar) infrared radiation and dissipate heat through the spacecraft heat rejection surface to the deep cold space. This process finally leads to the dynamic balance of temperature.
Jianyin Miao, Qi Zhong, Qiwei Zhao, Xin Zhao
Weitere Informationen

Premium Partner

    Bildnachweise